Among small snakes there are poisonous ones, which person should to fear. However, there are small nonpoisonous snakes, they are absolutely harmless to people and they also need a protection.
The small poisonous snakes
One of poisonous snakes of small size – it is dwarf adder. The adult snake rarely reaches a length of thirty centimeters. When comparing it with noisy adder, or its other relative, the Gabonese adder, the size of dwarf adder is really negligible. The protruding scales over the eyes are invisible, therefore the snake is sometimes called the hornless adder.
The torso of the dwarf adder is usually reddish-yellow or gray. On this background are clearly visible the small dark spots, which are located in three longitudinal rows.
The tip of the tail often is black.
The dwelling place of the snake is the Namib and Kalahari Desert. The dwarf adder has accustomed very well in loose sand. Moving lateral move, however, with the approaching danger, it uses the vibrating movements and very cleverly buries in the sand. The dwarf adder also contain in “captivity”. In this case, the food for adder is lizards.
It is known that when it bites, the amount of the poison is not very big, because even the lizard is killed by adder twenty minutes later. The dwarf adder is a small predator.
Also there is the “simple” adder, which is also one of the small poisonous snakes. Their length is often from thirty to fifty centimeters. Its dwelling place is in the European part of Russia. Its distinctive feature is the characteristic zigzag pattern on the back. She can be cherry red, brown, gray, and red. The simple adder is usually of modest size.
The sand adder is also one of poisonous snakes of small size. Among the family of adders it is considered the most toxic.
The length of an adult snake is about fifty centimeters. It is usually gray or golden with light spots arranged in a pattern. The pupils of the eyes resemble a cat's ones.
The snake inhabits in the Central Africa, and eats frogs, rodents, small snakes, birds.
On the each side of its body it has several rows of jagged rings with help of which it makes a rustling sound. So the snake alerts the person about the meeting with itself.
It is viviparous snake, at one time it can birth about fifteen snakes of fifteen centimeters in the long.
Little snake Sand Viper does not lay eggs.
The small non-poisonous snakes
The common representative of family of Typhlopidae is Ramphotyphlops braminus.
Most often, this non-poisonous snake is brown. At the end of her tail there is a small spike. Her eyes are atrophied and covered with flaps. Despite the fact that the image does not penetrate through the skin surface, the snake’s eyes are very sensitive to light. The length of Ramphotyphlops braminus is about fifteen centimeters. Their homeland is South-East Asia, India and Sri Lanka.
Ramphotyphlops braminus is a small harmless snake.
These small snakes are also called potted snakes, due to their habit to climb into flower pots. If you only put the pots in the garden on the sun, you will see there the Ramphotyphlops braminus soon. These snakes are often confused with earthworms. A careful study shows that in contrast to worms, the body of the snake is not segmented, so it is also possible to see the characteristic coloring of the snake if it is red. Because of the desire to climb into flower pots, Ramphotyphlops braminus has spread to many countries. Recently, they have appeared even in the Caribbean. Snakes live permanently in the land, and can dig it very well. This is the oviparous snake. The female lays from two to seven eggs, which width is about four millimeters and a length is about twelve millimeters.
The barbados escorta snake is one of representatives of the small non-poisonous snakes. Their natural habitat is in Barbados. Their length rarely exceeds ten centimeters. The barbados escorta snake can fit in the human palm.
But what is the smallest snake in the world?
In 2008 was found the world's smallest snake by the scientist-biologist Blair Hodges. At that time he went on an expedition to Barbados, where he found a multiple instances of these snakes hiding under the rocks. Today the length of the largest instance is equal to ten centimeters, four millimeters. This snake was given the name of the Barbados escorta snake. Its life is extremely short and lasts from spring to autumn. The main food of these little babies is the larvae of ants and termites. The smallest snake is not poisonous. The barbados escorta is the smallest snake in the world.
Each female lays most often, a single egg of large size, from which by next spring appears offspring. The newborn snakes of Barbados escorta are in length about half of the length of the mother, which is uncommon, as snakes usually have children who have size of one-tenth of the length of the mother. The large size of the newborn snakes of Barbados escorta is due to the defined conditions of survival and short duration of life.
The smallest snake rarely grows up to 10 cm.
Scientists believe that the smallest snake on the planet is on the verge of extinction. In fact, that in natural condition they live in on area of few kilometers. This area is located in Barbados, in the Eastern part. Because of deforestation, this species may disappear.