What is the area, where lemurs are widespread most of all? What is the area of the dwelling of ring-tailed lemurs? Read the information below to learn the most interesting facts about these cute animals.
Who are lemurs and what is their habitat?
Lemurs belong to the group of monkeys. The main difference from monkeys is that the eyes, as at Homo sapiens, are in the center, closer to a nose. And eyes of a lemur are located on each side. They see side sight, and it brings a special interest in these animals. Today 100 species of lemurs are known to scientists (including died out). However, still quite recently, in 1999 only 31 of kinds of lemurs were known. Classification of these mysterious animals has also undergone changes: now lemurs are not semi-monkeys as it was considered earlier. Now they are most ancient primates on our planet. So, where do lemurs live?
Natural area of the dwelling of lemurs is the island of Madagascar and Comoro Islands. Once these animals were widespread on the whole island Madagascar. Today places of their dwelling were in dry deciduous woods on the southwest coast, in the prickly woods of the southwest and in the rainforest of the east coast. The question of an origin of lemurs on the island is still poorly studied. There are several hypotheses, including enough fantastic ones. In the 19th century, the theory of the existence of the ancient continent Lemuria in the Indian Ocean was widespread. According to the author of the theory, Madagascar is a part of the sunken continent. This thought is confirmed by the fact that the indigenous people of Madagascar are anthropologically much closer to the people of Indonesia than to inhabitants of the African continent. Modern scientists assume the existence of the overland bridge between the African continent and the modern island of Madagascar. In their opinion, several million years ago sea level rise isolated a part of the land, where the unique island fauna of Madagascar was created.
Since people have come to the island of Madagascar about 1500 years ago, not less than 8 genus and 16 species of lemurs have died out. According to modern zoologists, all died-out types led a day life, were sluggish and had the impressive sizes. Possibly, the set of these factors has made them an easy mark for the local hunters appreciating tasty meat and skins of peaceful animals. Besides, as well as at other species of large mammals, they have a low speed of a reproduction and low density of population on the island.
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Where do ring-tailed lemurs live?
This kind is widespread and inhabits the southern and southwest part of the island and also can be met in the mountains in a small amount. In difference from the fellows who live the most part of life on trees, the ring-tailed lemur spends much time on the earth. However, the small animal doesn't leave far from trees, preferring the high woods for an own dwelling.
Where do mouse lemurs live?
Mouse lemur lives in the dry woods of the Western Madagascar at the height about 700 m above sea level. These are territorial animals, and they tolerantly treat the violation of borders of big possession and are aggressive at a defense of a recreation area. Several animals sleep in one hollow or construct nests nearby from each other.
Other habitats of lemurs
Lemurs can live also in house conditions, however, not all types, but their certain representatives. Such lemurs as the least ones from all family (who, by the way, doesn't reach 13 cm in length), live only in nature, and living in the house is impossible for it. But, for example, the ring-tailed lemur perfectly fits for in-house conditions. Lemurs can be met in some zoos of the world. Not all zoos will be able to create the conditions necessary for the normal life of this type of animals. But separate types, after all, will be able to please adults and children in the best zoos in the world. The complexity of their keeping in captivity is in creating conditions of climate and humidity of the environment, in which they live while in the wildlife. Also, not all species of lemurs can eat that food, which is offered in zoos. For example, separate species of lemurs eat only special species of insects that live only on Madagascar.
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