What do you know about the Fulani people? There are many interesting facts about this African people that many Nigerians have never heard about. In our article we will inform you about the most captivating ones.
The Fulani people are one of the most broadly discrete and ethnically miscellaneous of the peoples of Africa. At the moment, there is approximately 21 million of the Fulani population.
The Fulani people are considered to be the biggest pastoral nomadic group on the planet. It is a noteworthy proportion of their total number – approximately 13 million.
The Fulani tribes live in the following countries of Africa: Nigeria, Benin, Egypt, Liberia, Mauritania, Sudan, Burkina Faso, Senegal, Togo, Guinea, Ghana, Mali, the Gambia, Cameroon, Sierra Leone, Guinea Bissau, Ivory Coast, and Chad.
The Fulani women and men mostly deal with tending fields and herding. This is nearly all the information that Nigerian know about this ancient culture. The Fulani people`s history and traditions have not been studied very well yet. Therefore, we offer you some Fulani facts that we did not know.
The Fulani people dress unusually
Owing to the variety of the Fulani groups, there is no an exact way of dressing. Thus, in Nigeria, the Fulani men often wear a hat with three tips.
Many Fulani woman may also decorate their hair with various shells or use henna to adorn their feet and hands. The Fulani women and men also often make face markings. The most widespread one is ink around the lips.
The Fulani are people with high moral principles
The Fulani people, though being Muslims, in their everyday life use a special moral code called – pulaaku.
The basic principles of this moral system are modesty, courage, patience, and hospitality. The Fulani people are sure that you must always control own impulses and personal emotions.
The Fulani language is one of the most spread in Africa
The Fulani language has six various dialects with nearly the same vocabulary and grammar. It is considered to be the official one in the following African countries: Nigeria, Guinea, and Senegal. It is also widely used in more than twenty African countries. Most Fulani also speak so called Fulfulde language.
The Fulani people originated from the upper Nile
Lots of historians are sure that the Fulani people moved down from a rural group that lived in the upper Nile region about 3400 B.C.
And when the Sahara`s climate became too unkind, they immediately migrated from that territory to find greener meadows.
The Fulani`s ancient ceremonies
To some observes the Fulani Shar’o ceremony may seem too cruel, but to them it is a much respected tradition. Therefore, when a boy comes of age, his friends take turns to beat him with a stick severely across the chest. The boy must never show pain, thus, many of them even depart this life during such a cruel ceremony.
On the other hand, the majority survives with no problems, bearing all those scars arrogantly for the rest of their lives.
The Fulani people are Muslims
98% of the Fulani people have been practicing Islam since 11th century when it started to spread broadly in Africa. Thus, the Fulani tribes even participated in various campaigns over the centuries to convert others.
The Fulani people`s music is fantastic
The Fulani people`s music is extremely wide-ranging. It is very significant and vital to all tribes.
Among the most original Fulani musical instruments we can call many various types of drums, a “hoddu” (a kind of a banjo), and a “riti” (a kind of a violin).
The Fulani herdsmen
Habitual Fulani families depend on cattle very much. An ordinary big family annually requires about 110 head of cattle to live completely off the cattle.
If a number of cattle drops, they can farm to stay alive. The Fulani people are sure that if you have many head of cattle, then you have status and wealth. They are very dependent on this point of view.
The Fulani herdsmen were in control of huge empires
A few people know that between the 17th and 19th centuries the Fulani people really formed huge empires in West Africa. Among the most popular ones we should mention Fulani, Massina, Fouta Djallon, and Sokoto empires. Though all the mentioned empires disappeared from the world political map long ago, their chief traditions have deeply rooted here since that time.
All the above-mentioned interesting facts about the Fulani people, the Fulani language are not the complete list. If you have some new facts to share, please add them in comments below.
- READ ALSO: Why Fulani hairstyles are so unusual?