Do you know which of the African leaders are considered the greatest? Read this article to get some short information about them and their accomplishments.
Through its long history, Africa has had many remarkable people, which affected the development of the African counties and whole continent of Africa. We are presenting the list of the greatest African leaders with their most notable accomplishments.
Samora Machel (1933-1986)
Samora Machel was a military commander from Mozambique. He was following the ideas of Marxism-Leninism, so he was revolutionary socialist as the President of Mozambique.
He had been the Mozambique’s leader from 1975 (the year of the country’s independence) until 1986. Unfortunately, he died in an aircraft crash. Presidential plane crashed in a mountainous terrain on the borders of Mozambique, Swaziland and South Africa.
Jomo Kenyatta (1891-1978)
Jomo Kenyatta is a politician from Kenya, he as considered the first Kenya’s president. Moreover, he is believed to be the founding father of the Kenyan nation.
He was a leader of Kenya from the year of its independence in 1963. From 1963 to 1964 he served his country as the prime-minister. Then from 1964 and until his death he was the country’s president.
He is known as well-educated person who wrote several books and people remember him as Pan-Africanist.
In addition, the current president of Kenya, Uhru Kenyatta, is his son.
Thomas Sankara (1949-1987)
Thomas Sankara was military captain form Burkina Faso whose revolutionary programs had made him an icon for many poor people of Africa. Many historians refer him to an African Che Guevara.
He became a president of Burkina Faso in 1983. He was supported by his nation as he had the goals to eliminate the corruption from the former French colonial authorities.
What is interesting, he changed the name of the former French colony from Upper Volta to Burkina Faso.
He was assassinated on 15 October In 1987. Earlier before his death, he claimed: «While revolutionaries as individuals can be murdered, you cannot kill ideas."
Patrice Lumumba (1925-1961)
Patrice Lumumba was the first historically elected prime minister of Congo. He played a very important role in gaining Congo’s independence from Belgium with his political party Mouvement National Congolais (MNC).
Unfortunately, he died shortly after Congo became independent in 1960. In 1961 he was imprisoned and executed by the Katangan authorities.
Julius Nyerere (1922-1999)
Julius Nyerere served as the leader of Tanzania from 1960 until his official retirement in 1985. When his country became an independent republic in 1962, Nyerere was chosen as the first country’s president.
He followed the ideas of an African socialism which he saw as a form of unity, familyhood. Unfortunately, his political visions led his country to an economic decline, systematic corruption and even to starvation and dependence on foreign aid.
He died in London from leukemia.
Haile Selassie (1892-1975)
Selassie was a regent of Ethiopia from 1916 to 1930 and Ethiopia’s Emperor from 1930 to 1974. His views led Ethiopia to become a member of the United Nations. As the country’s leader he was promoting multilateralism and collective security.
However, he was criticized by some historians and many contemporaries claim that his regime was illiberal and autocratic.
Nelson Mandela (1918-2013)
Nelson Mandela is probably the most-known African leader of all times. He was an anti-apartheid revolutionary leader from South Africa. Serving as the President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999 he was known as a philanthropist.
His government had a goals of eliminating the apartheid and it was tackled on the institutionalized racism. Mandela was an African nationalist and democratic socialist.
He had a very had life story. Being young, influenced by the ideas of Marxism, he joined the South African Communist Party. Soon he was imprisoned attempting to lead a sabotage company against the government. He spent 27 years in prison.
Nowadays, he is in deep respect within South Africa and some consider him as one of the key figures in the South Africa’s history.
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