Do you know where freemasonry originates? Maybe you know where were the roots of this secret organization? Find out the answers and more interesting information here!
Freemasonry as a movement and the etymology of the word was born in France in 1717. "The Freemasons" literally translated from French as Freemasons (people who work with stone). According to legend, the construction of the ancient temple in Jerusalem had a significant influence on the Freemasons, who found in him a philosophical subtext. The masons called themselves the Brotherhood of "Freemasons" and built a hierarchy of a secret society. The builders of the temple separate into the three working classes.
The legendary history of Freemasonry, according to some writers, refers to Adam, others - to the building of Solomon's Temple. Other researchers found roots of Freemasonry in the Pythagoreans, the Essenes, and the first Christians or of the Templars.
Only in the mid-nineteenth century for the first time, Kloss has indicated that the Masonic Union arose out of the Brotherhood of Freemasons (people who work with stone) or the old building teams.
The earliest evidence of the existence of a free construction of the farm in medieval Europe belongs to the 643 years. It is mentioned by edicts of the Lombard king Rotary. During the Gothic era, the construction of the large churches lasted for centuries. Therefore, workers and artists, settle adjacent buildings gradually came into close contact. These communities over time adopted the Guild organization. They created rules about relationships between the members, the admission of new companions; resolution occurred between the followers of disputes and so on.
The Guild organization of construction works was inherent in the building of the cathedrals of England, where the stonemasons got in official acts the name of Freemason, Free-Stone-Mason. The circumstances of the construction Lodge in England were very dark.
In modern Masonic literature indicate about 20 manuscripts with specific Masonic texts belonging to the early period. The oldest of them dates from the XIV century. It is the poem "Regius" - a manuscript with a text which was found in the Old Royal library in the British Museum in 1830-ies.
During the XVII century partnership construction in Europe quickly began to decline. By the beginning of the eighteenth century, they had almost ceased to exist with the termination of the building of Gothic cathedrals.
English lodges were prospered because of the advent of new people. From the late sixteenth century rich people, and scientific who can contribute lodge. In the last years of the XVII century, William III joined Lodge.
Therefore craft masons have received the name of Royal art. Probably, masons conceived the idea to use the shell of building partnerships, which was, in some respects, charitable institutions, and breathing into it new life, create the new area of universal love.
Although Freemasonry is often called a secret society, Freemasons claim by themselves that it is correct to say that they are a secret society, certain aspects of which are private, or secret. It is known that in the twenty-first century Freemasonry was more "society with secrets" than a "secret society." The private aspects of modern Freemasonry are the methods of recognition among members and individual elements of the rituals. In spite of the heterogeneity of the organization, the main activities of Freemasonry remains a charity, and moral improvement (in most cases requiring a belief in a Supreme Being) as well as the development and maintenance of intimate friendship in a friendly environment, what originally induce the "Anderson Constitution."
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