People with diabetes often notice that their wounds heal quite slowly. The most dangerous are diabetic foot wounds, which can develop into ulcers. Continue reading the article to get to know the best tips for diabetes and wound healing.
Why are wounds so dangerous in diabetes?
In diabetes, the elasticity of the small vessels is subject to the threat and eventually collapses the circulatory system. It primarily affects the blood circulation in the legs. Poor blood circulation affects the functioning of the cells that are dependent on blood flow and neural regulation. As a result, a problem arises with diabetic foot wound care and treatment.
Diabetic neuropathy also influences wound healing duration. This is one of the most common complications of diabetes. In this disease, pathological changes occur in nerve endings. Lowers limbs suffer in the most cases. If the nerves are damaged in a particular area, the skin in this place becomes dry. Thus, infection quickly penetrates through the cracks on the dry skin.
When infection penetrates the wound, it might be a big problem for the patient. Therefore, monitoring the state of your skin should become a daily norm. Moreover, if any defects appear on the skin, you should consult a doctor immediately.
Prevention and treatment of wounds in diabetes
In the case of injury, it is necessary to treat it with antiseptic immediately. Wound healing may be accompanied by severe pain, swelling, redness, and pus formation. When you have such symptoms, it is necessary to use a variety of antiseptics, vitamins, antibiotics, as well as various drugs that can pull moisture from the wound.
When the wound begins to heal, the doctor should prescribe an ointment based on fat, as well as cream, which improves the nutrition of tissues.
Diabetes and wound healing: What are the best tips?
- Do not walk barefoot, and thoroughly inspect your shoes before wearing your shoes
- The best way to fasten the healing is treating your wound with sterile saline
- Use only comfortable shoes and underwear
- A proper diet containing adequate amounts of vitamins promotes rapid wounds healing. During the treatment of wounds in people with diabetes, doctors recommend to include in your daily diet the following foods: meat, fish, nuts, eggs, liver, oatmeal, fresh vegetables and fruits
- Every day inspect your limbs carefully. In case the skin has any wounds, immediately consult the doctor
- Wash your feet every day. Never use soap that dries the skin
- Doctors recommend that all people with diabetes quit smoking. Nicotine impairs blood circulation, so wounds heal longer in smokers
- Avoid prolonged staying in the water, because it swells the skin, increasing the risk of damage. Never treat such wounds with iodine, hydrogen peroxide, or salicylic acid
- Do not attempt to remove calluses, warts, and papilloma by yourself
You can always prevent the occurrence of serious injuries by controlling diabetes. You should monitor the level of sugar in the blood, blood pressure, cholesterol levels, eat healthy food, take medicine on time, do not neglect physical exercise, stop smoking, and pass medical examination regularly.
If you follow all these tips, you will minimize all the risks of poorly healing wounds and ulcers. People with diabetes should always monitor the state of their skin for the presence of any scratches, wounds, or blisters. If you notice even the slightest damage, you should immediately consult your doctor.
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