It has affected one leg and she cant stand on herself with it.
a stroke is not a disease. its like saying how do i cure an amputated finger. a stroke is when blood supply to the brain has been disrupted or stoped. this causes damage to the brain. if the area of the brain that was starved for blood is what controls the muscles in your leg like the example given there is little that can be done. once those area of the brain die sometimes through therapy you can cause the brain to grow new neural pathways around the damaged section but not always.
To treat an ischemic stroke, doctors must quickly restore blood flow to your brain.
Emergency treatment with medications. Therapy with clot-busting drugs must start within three hours. Quick treatment not only improves your chances of survival, but may also reduce the amount of complications resulting from the stroke. You may be given:
Aspirin. Aspirin is the best-proven immediate treatment after a stroke to reduce the likelihood of having another stroke. In the emergency room, it's likely you'll be given a dose of aspirin. The dose may vary, but if you already take a daily aspirin for its blood-thinning effect, you may want to make a note of that in your purse or wallet on an emergency medical card so that the doctors will know if you've already had some aspirin. Do not take aspirin before you go to the hospital. If you are having a hemorrhagic stroke, taking aspirin could worsen the bleeding.
Other blood-thinning drugs, such as warfarin (Coumadin) and heparin also may be given, but they aren't as commonly used as aspirin.
* Tissue plasminogen activator. Some people who are having a stroke can benefit from an injection of tissue plasminogen activator (TPA). TPA is a potent clot-busting drug that helps some people who have had stroke recover more fully. However, the drug can only be given to patients within a three-hour window of the stroke occurring, and it can only be given in situations in which doctors are certain that giving TPA will not worsen bleeding in the brain. TPA cannot be given to people who are having a hemorrhagic stroke.
Surgical and other procedures. Your doctor may recommend a procedure to open up an artery that's moderately to severely narrowed by plaques. This may include:
* Carotid endarterectomy. In this procedure, a surgeon removes plaques that block the carotid arteries that run up both sides of your neck to your brain. The blocked artery is opened, the plaques are removed and your surgeon closes the artery. The procedure may reduce your risk of ischemic stroke. However, in addition to the usual risks associated with any surgery, a carotid endarterectomy itself can also trigger a stroke or heart attack by releasing a blood clot or fatty debris, although surgeons now place filters (distal protection devices) at strategic points in your bloodstream to "catch" any material that may break free during the procedure.
* Angioplasty and stents. Used less commonly than carotid endarterectomy, angioplasty can widen the inside of an artery leading to your brain, usually the carotid artery. In this procedure, a balloon-tipped catheter is maneuvered into the obstructed area of your artery. The balloon is inflated, compressing the plaques against your artery walls. A metallic mesh tube (stent) is usually left in the artery to prevent recurrent narrowing. Angioplasty and stenting of carotid arteries may be an appropriate stroke prevention option for some people who've had a stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) but can't undergo surgery. Intracranial stenting is similar to stenting the carotid arteries. Using a small incision in the groin, doctors thread a catheter through the arteries and into the brain. Sometimes they use angioplasty to widen the affected area first; in other cases, angioplasty is not used before stent placement.
Surgery may be used to treat a hemorrhagic stroke or prevent another one. The most common procedures — aneurysm clipping and arteriovenous malformation (AVM) removal — carry some risks. Your doctor may recommend one of these procedures if you're at high risk of spontaneous aneurysm or AVM rupture:
* Aneurysm clipping. A tiny clamp is placed at the base of the aneurysm, isolating it from the circulation of the artery to which it's attached. This can keep the aneurysm from bursting, or it can prevent re-bleeding of an aneurysm that has recently hemorrhaged. The clip will stay in place permanently.
* Coiling (aneurysm embolization). In an embolization procedure, a catheter is maneuvered into the aneurysm. A tiny coil is pushed through the catheter and positioned inside the aneurysm. The coil fills the aneurysm, causing clotting and sealing the aneurysm off from connecting arteries.
* Surgical AVM removal. It's not always possible to remove an AVM if it's too large or if it's located deep within the brain. Surgical removal of a smaller AVM from a more accessible portion of the brain, though, can eliminate the risk of rupture, lowering the overall risk of hemorrhagic stroke.
Stroke recovery and rehabilitation
Stroke survivors who go home to a healthy spouse or other companion are more likely to become independent and productive again. Encouragement and early treatment are important.
Recovery and rehabilitation depend on the area of the brain involved and the amount of tissue damaged. Harm to the right side of the brain may affect movement and sensation on the left side of the body. Damage to brain tissue on the left side may affect movement on the right side; this damage may also cause speech and language disorders. In addition, people who've had a stroke may have problems with breathing, swallowing, balancing and hearing, and loss of vision and bladder or bowel function.
Every person's stroke recovery is different. Depending on what complications you might have, the team of people to help you in your recovery could include:
* Rehabilitation doctor (physiatrist)
* Physical therapist
* Occupational therapist
* Recreational therapist
* Speech therapist
* Social worker
* Psychologist or psychiatrist
The goal of stroke rehabilitation is to help you recover as much of your independence and functioning as possible. Much of stroke rehabilitation involves relearning skills you may have lost, such as walking or communicating.