Why children under 5 years of age die often in NIgeria? What causes a high child mortality rate? It is a must read story.
Child mortality rate definition
Annually child mortality reaches 66 thousand in Kaduna state. The director of the Center of children and adults' health protection has reported about it. He has told it during the visit to agency of ambulance, which is situated in the capital of state. There the man spoke to Dr. Hadiza Balarabe.
Causes of child mortality
According to Mr. Remi Adeseun, special attention has to be paid to such diseases as diarrhea and pneumonia.
The man has reported that according to 2013's data, one of 1000 toddlers dies of these diseases. 185 babies die, without having lived up to a week after the birth. Incurable diseases became the reason for that. As of today, it can't be prevented. According to Adeseun’s words, three illnesses – pneumonia, malaria and diarrhea – became the reason of the majority of fatal cases among children. About 13 percent die of diarrhea and 16 – of pneumonia. All these children from Kaduna state don't live till 5 years.
Child mortality rate in Nigeria
Staff of the health center has reported the following facts about an illness. According to them, northwest regions of the Kaduna state take the second place on mortality among children who is younger than five years. The average national value of incidence makes 9 percent, while it is equal to 16 in Kaduna.
The Northeast region holds first place on child mortality. The number of dead kids has made about 1500 of 100 thousand. The smallest amount of infants’ death has been registered in Southwest zone. It is nearly 10 times less than in above-mentioned Northeast.
Ways to prevent diseases
In spite of the fact that the government does everything possible to prevent accidents, children continue to die. However, now mortality was cut by half. But it isn't the reason to stop worrying about health. People responsible for health care in the country have promised to do everything possible that the death rating in Nigeria was reduced by 30 percent. They have told that it is necessary to take care both of children and wellbeing of women who give birth.
Experts also believe that people pay too much attention to malaria. In their opinion, the set of death could be prevented if the part of the funds allocated for malaria treatment would be given for prevention of diarrhea and pneumonia.