What do you know about mental disorders? How many mental disorders exist?
What are mental disorders? How can you be sure that you are not the one who suffers from mental disorders? What are mental disorders symptoms? Nevertheless, there is no right answer to find how many of them exist. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, there are hundreds of mental disorders in their list, but every year, this list becomes bigger. Moreover, there are more than 500 definitions of the “mental disorder.” There are also problems with classifications of mental disorders. Psychotherapists, psychologists, and other doctors can`t agree on one particular classification of the mental illness.
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It`s a real problem to diagnosis a mental disorder of a patient. You can`t test blood samples or urine samples to find out if anything is clear in one`s mind. If you take a quick glance at the man with mental disorders, he can be quite a gentleman and does not give you a hint that something is wrong with him. Nevertheless, only if you look at his behavior closely, you may see some tips in his behavior that not everything is good. The mental disorders may cause the poor ability to function in normal life and society. The misbehavior may be episodic or constant. Nevertheless, in both cases, it`s quite drastic. It`s impossible to give the full list of mental disorders, but here are the top 10 mental disorders you might know.
Every mental disorder
Let`s set things clearly. There are myths that every mental disorder or illness only happens in someone’s head. Therefore, if this someone desires to illuminate the disease, it can be simply done by luring this thing out of the head. It`s the most damaging thing that people can have about their illness. It just gives people thinking, that the problem of mentally ill people is imaginative. That`s why people with mental disorders need to prove themselves in the society and give evidence that they are not bluffing about the disease. Many scientists still can`t find proved causes of mental disorders.
Any mental disorder can be significantly traumatizing for people. It`s a serious problem for people. If a person suffers from depression, it`s very hard to convince him/her in going to the therapist. Moreover, some of the people can`t even understand that they are ill, or they do suppose, but they do not desire to get help. It`s a pretty common myth, that if you go to the therapist, then everybody will decide that you are crazy or out of mind, people will point fingers at you. Nevertheless, you should treat it as a common disease. If you get cold, do you go to the doctor? Nobody points fingers at you, right? Why should a mental disease make any difference?
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
It`s one of the common disorders for today`s world. The people who suffer from this disorder have an urgency to check everything repeatedly. They are stuck to the continuance routine habits or rituals, which they should do every day. The most common activities for them is hand washing, teeth brushing, counting things, washing things, checking locks and windows. This condition is highly vulnerable to people as it may be accompanied with an anxiety disorder, tics, and risk of suicide. People with OCD always obsessive about contamination and germs. They should always check, but they don`t remember if they checked everything. Therefore, they have some memory problems, specifically, the problems with short term memory. It means that by doing these rituals, they can illuminate any danger to their side. Nevertheless, doing these things, again and again, does not make terrible thoughts in mind to go away. Nevertheless, people who suffer from OCD usually know that they have it. Still, they are pretty sure that nothing wrong will happen to them and do not desire to go to the therapist.
One of the current myths about self-harming is that people who harm themselves just seek for attention. It may be right in some cases, though…
It`s one of the most "popular" mental disorders in teens. It`s possible that the puberty period of life is one of the most difficult ones. Many people meet their first love in this period, and for many people, this first love is just a pain. There are also misunderstanding with parents, relatives, friends, and adults. Therefore, they just desire to harm to lure out the attention.
Nevertheless, people who make self-injury do not always desire to commit suicide. They may just feel well when to make some injuries. It`s like heroin for a drug addict. They can`t stop harming themselves. Nevertheless, it does not mean that injuries are in a condition that nothing worries about. It`s a serious problem for people; self-injured people try to hide their injuries by wearing long sleeves.
Nevertheless, some people who suffer from this disease can show the injuries as a cry for help. It means that they are desperate and do not know what to do. Therefore, they need help from their relatives and friends to ask a therapist. Therefore, if you see that self-injuries continue, do not wait for getting things more complicated. Call for the specialist at once.
Selective mutism is a psychical disorder which implements that a person is completely capable of speech can remain speechless unintentionally due to a specific situation. People do not treat this mental disorder seriously. It`s believed, that people who are diagnosed with Selective Mutism just merely refuse to speak. Selective Mutism can perfectly appear in the childhood. In some situations, people with selective mutism just can get any word out of their throat. Overwhelming quantity of people who suffer from selective mutism, also suffers from social anxiety disorder. Therefore, silence can be quite a way where they can handle the situation. Therefore, if your child does not speak in stressful situation – do not punish him/her for that. You can only make things worse.
Nevertheless, according to studies by American psychologists and pediatricians, teenagers and kids can perfectly justify their silence by “selective mutism.” It appears as a protest or fear of certain person or situation. The fear for teenagers and kids may appear as a response to an abuse.
Still, try to be selective about all media information that you get. If you think that something happened with your child. It`s needed to be investigated. Nevertheless, do not ask directly, try to play nice.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
It`s one of the common mental disorders in children from age six to twelve. It spams rapidly and lasts for months. The kids who are diagnosed with ADHD have problems with excessive activities, controlling behavior and paying attention. Still, despite being the most investigated child mental disorder, there are still many questions about it. Nobody can be sure why it happens that children have this disease. What triggers it? It`s also a genuine myth that children who have ADHD can`t pay attention at all. It`s not like that. They are hyperactive and desire to be listened by adults. The management of ADHD can implement many recommendations; the most obvious ones are counseling, changing of lifestyle and medications. Nevertheless, according to Canadian and American pediatricians, if ADHD is diagnosed, then it should be given a complex measure to treating it. Your kid has this mental disorder, if:
- The kid can easily forget about things, frequently switch from one activity to another.
- The kid has difficulties on focusing on one thing at a time.
- It does not listen when he/she is spoken to.
- You can frequently see him/her daydreaming, confusing?
- The kid has difficulties in processing the information.
- It`s a real problem for him/her to follow the instructions.
Autism Spectrum Disorders
It`s a mental disease that provides the information, which the person who suffers from it – is not able to function in society. Nevertheless, it`s partly true. Many people who hear the word “autism” imagine children who are stuck in their beautiful world. Still, it`s partially true. Some of the people who have autism disorders can`t communicate with other people or at least have struggled with communicating with them. Nevertheless, severe autism is not a life sentence. It can be curable. There are stories about therapies where autistic children can perform and behave like normal.
Nevertheless, parents can overcome autism over time, they just need to push harder. It`s not an easy task, but autistic children can perform quite well as others. There are even stories that autism can give a new talent to a child.
Children may create the world in their minds in which they do not allow even closest relatives to enter. Still, they should understand, that there is a better world outside. Only closest relatives and therapists can help this child to open the eyes and see the world not as a threat, but as a completely new place for discoveries. Moreover, this person should also understand that this world is created for him/her also.
“The voices in my head.” It`s the first answer you can get if you ask about schizophrenia. Nevertheless, people with schizophrenia can hear voices not only in the head but also from subjects surrounding them. The hallucinations can be projected outside their bodies and inside their minds. They can see things that normal people do not see. They thoughts are also in complete disorder. They are easily working with emotions. Emotions can drive them completely mad.
There are many causes of schizophrenia, but it should be mentioned that all cases of schizophrenia should be taken individually.
- Environmental factor. People who live in an environment that give them tick can easily find a way to the schizophrenia. There is a certain statistic that people who live in the north climate can easily fall into depression and then schizophrenia might take over.
- Social disturbance. In our modern pace of life, we can`t just stop for a moment and relax. We live in a life of constant struggles, with our colleagues, families, and friends. Therefore, some of us can`t live these social disturbances behind a find a way to relax. They may fall to depression and then worse.
- Conflicts, injuries, cataclysm, personal disasters – people who had some problems in their lives in the past may have schizophrenia. It may not be seen from the first glance, but it will take over with time if not treated.
It`s also known as the reading disorder. Despite normal intelligence, some people may suffer from this mental disease.The problems often include: understanding the words, pronouncing it sounding out when read, writing words, spelling quickly or spelling incorrectly. Some people may think that the sufferers from Dyslexia actually can read, but do not desire. It should be mentioned, that the difficulties in reading are involuntarily caused. It might be the decision to the problem if people with Dyslexia see letters order differently. Nevertheless, people with dyslexia can master normal reading, but they often learn slowly. Nevertheless, children who suffer from this disorder might be a problem in firsts grades of school. They will definitely below their level of listening, comprehension, and reading. Nevertheless, some kids with dyslexia might figure out how to read normally on their own in the fourth grade.
Nevertheless, the best advice for parents who have children with dyslexia is to find a therapist to help children read normally. If this happens, then it`s quite possible that by the fourth grade of school the kid will catch up the speed of reading. You should also understand that Dyslexia is much more the way of thinking rather than processing the information.
Dissociative Identity Disorder – it`s a type of mental disease characterized by multi-adaptive behavior patterns, habits, experience, which can be thought via person, although, it is not natural for a person. Therefore, depends on the “trigger” situation, the person can act completely different. DID can vary from person to person and culture to culture. Moreover, psychologists still do not understand the whole matter of this mental disorder. What is the “trigger” mechanism? Why do people stop being themselves and become something else? Some scientists believe that the problem should be found in the childhood. It might be true, as all our today`s problems come from the childhood and we can`t deny them.
What is fascinating about this disease is the existence of alter personalities in one body. They might be completely different one from another, like Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde or the patterns of their behavior might be quite similar. All alter personalities of one patient can peacefully coexist with each other and even collaborate when it`s needed. In other patience, it can be seen that personalities fight with each other for domination over one body. In one case all personalities know about each other existence, while in other cases one true personality does not know about the actions of the false one.
Antisocial personality disorder
It`s also known as a dissocial personality disorder. It`s based on the involuntarily ground and characterized by violation actions towards rights of others. Do not try to misunderstand it with antisocial. People who usually tend to solitude and do not desire to be disturbed in their fortresses can be more pro-social. ASD is always expressed with violation of others rights and freedoms. People who suffer from ASD can lie without reason, behave aggressively to others or act recklessly. They are open personalities who involuntarily make other people suffer. This most traumatic ASD can implement qualities, like making pay to the people, sadistic behavior, no empathy to others` feeling. Therefore, many people with this disorder can become not only tyrants in life but also criminals and maniacs in the worst key scenario.
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