Can measles be fatal and who suffers from it the most? Find out now and learn what to do if you or your child got it.
Do you know what is measles? Why it can be dangerous? As this disease can concern everyone, information about it can be very useful. Let’s find it out.
What is measles?
First, it is necessary to find what measles is.
It is a widespread acute infectious disease, which is characterized by temperature increase, a catarrhal inflammation of mucous membranes of a nose, eyes and throats and emergence of spotty rash on skin. Measles is one of the most infectious diseases, which are known today.
How measles spread?
It is very useful to know how measles extend to avoid this disease.
Measles can get through the air to the neighboring rooms and even on other floors of the buildings through windows, ventilation, key cracks. That's why it is possible to catch the virus, simply being in the same house with the diseased. Spread of infection through objects (bed linen, clothes and toys) is almost impossible.
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Is measles a virus or bacteria?
It is one of the most widespread questions.
Measles is a virus. It represents one string of RNA curtailed into a spiral. It is surrounded by a cover from proteins and lipids. It is also covered with one more protective layer with the outgrowths similar to thorns. The virus has the correct round form and the small sizes, about 120-230 nanometers.
Can measles kill?
Nowadays, with competent treatment, a complication of measles happens infrequently. Most of children (unlike adults) have this illness without consequences. Complications arise with kids about one year and allergic persons more often.
The course of disease can be complicated by defeat of respiratory system: laryngitis, bronchitis, pneumonia; an eye – conjunctivitis; a gastrointestinal tract – dyspepsia; an inflammation of a middle ear. Small children often have a stomatitis.
The heaviest complications of measles, which, fortunately, appear seldom, affect a brain – meningitis and encephalitis. In these cases, without giving quick and right help, the lethal outcome is possible.
What states have measles outbreak?
Measles can be met almost worldwide. It often occurs because of ignoring the rules of hygiene.
For example, recently measles has caused death of about 20 children in Lagos. According to laboratory researches of blood, the reason of measles is the epidemic of the Febrile Rash Illness.
The state Commissioner for Health told that it occurred because the children’s parents abandoned inoculations. According to him, frequent immigration to Lagos brings negative consequences. People move into difficultly reached areas. The state doesn't know about it. Therefore, there is no water to be drunk and there are no toilets.
What measles look like?
How to define that the patient has measles?
The illness begins sharply: the child complains of a strong headache, weakness. Temperature can increase to 40, appetite is absent. Soon there is a cold and cough (usually dry and painful). A child's throat is red. One more characteristic thing is an inflammation of a mucous membrane of eyes – conjunctivitis. Its implications are brightly expressed: eyes are red, there is a photophobia. For the second or third day of measles, tiny whitish specks appear on a mucous membrane of cheeks, gums and lips. All of the things are possible to see before emergence of rash on a body.
Is measles airborne?
And what it is necessary to do to prevent it?
Measles is an airborne infection. However, the virus quickly dies in the environment. The room, where a patient was, is enough to air, disinfection isn't necessary.
Where do measles start on the body?
First, temperature rises. Then inflames cover the throat, a nose and eyes. These are the first symptoms of measles.
Does measles have a cure?
Prevention of measles consists in observance of rules of hygiene and in inoculation. Treatment of the virus includes a bed rest, plentiful drink, febrifuge, cold and sore throat’s medicines, vitamins.
Now you know the main information about measles and what to do in a case of illness. Follow all this rules and be healthy!