What do you know about an occult blood test? How to do it? Read the article to find out!
What is occult blood test procedure? This test provides the information for an occurrence of blood in your feces or poop. An occult blood test will provide you signs of problems for your digestive system. It can be a great variety of problems, like growth, cancer or polyp in the rectum or cologne. If the results of the test show that there is blood in your feces, then it`s necessary to show your doctor the results. It will help you to diagnosis the disease and give you the best treatment. Do not wait that it will be cured by itself; it`s necessary to get the attention of the specialist. If your occult test is negative, then you don`t have these problems.
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What can cause blood in an occult blood test?
- Hemorrhoids. It`s swollen blood vessels that appear in the lower rectum or Anus, they rupture and cause bleeding.
- Polyps or Growth of the colon
- The crack of the anal opening, it`s also called Anal fissures.
- Intestinal Infections
- Crohn`s disease
- Ulcerative colitis
- Problems in blood vessels
- Problems in the large intestine
- Diverticular disease
- Meckel`s diverticulum
The occult test results might show you microscopic changes that provide information to your doctor about your overall condition.
How to take an occult blood test?
There are many different occult blood test procedures. It`s possible for you to buy some kits at the pharmacy. Your doctor may also provide you home test kits at your appointment. These occult blood tests come with instructions. If you have any question about occult blood test preparations or procedure, then you may call to the number showed on the kit. Some occult blood tests work easily; you would just need to put the kit into the toilet and monitor if it changes color. If it changes color, then an occult blood test is positive, and you should ask for a doctor.
Other occult blood tests require you to collect stool samples for few days. You would need to send these samples in a special envelope or container directly to the office of your doctor for microanalysis with chemicals and microscope.
Occult blood test procedure
There is no need to cleanse your colon for the procedure, like an occult blood test. Still, according to the instructions. You shouldn`t take the test if you have:
- Your period
Moreover, some foods may perfectly alter any test result if it`s needed. You shouldn`t take next food in 48 or 72 hours if you desire to take occult blood test:
- Vitamin C enriched products
- Red meat
It`s also necessary to stop taking any medicine in forty-eight hours before the test. Nevertheless, ask your doctor about taking the medical products.
If Occult blood test result is Positive
It does not provide you good news. It shows blood in your stool. After these results, you would need to find where the blood came from. Your doctor may recommend you the whole circle of testing, like gastrointestinal endoscopy, colonoscopy. It`s necessary to see if the blood comes from your intestine or stomach. If these tests do not show anything, then you would need to swallow a small capsule, that would take pictures while it goes through your digestive system. It will provide the information about areas not shown by the other tests.
Occult blood test negative results provide information that no blood was found in your stool. Nevertheless, you should still continue to follow your doctor recommendations.
How often should you take Occult Blood test?
You may not need to take this test as there are other methods to show problems with your intestine. One of these methods is colonoscopy, where a doctor uses a special tool to check your colon. CT scan is also a good method to find blood in your intestine. You may also check your fecal samples in a laboratory.
If you decide to do an occult test, then you would need to take in the future every year. Your doctor will provide you the necessary information and instructions connected to the occult blood test. It`s vitally important to follow the instructions of your doctor. If the test shows any sign of blood, then you would need to get through other necessary tests and get your treatment.
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