Are you worried about the state of Zika virus in Nigeria and want to know how to protect yourself and avoid this dangerous illness? Read the article and found out the answer.
Zika virus, also known as monkeys` disease, sometimes invades people with the help of mosquitoes. It usually proceeds positively, although there is no vaccine against this ailment.
Egg stage of this medical problem is about 3 or 12 days, but it is almost impossible to discover it on early stages because the sickness has no specific symptoms.
You will see the ailment when there appear hives on your face and body. Also, you can recognize this disease by a headache, tiredness and high temperature. Usually, everything finishes in a week. And probably you may confuse Zika with the ordinary flu or fever.
This problem is slowly spreading all over the world. According to the group of scientists from the University of Oxford, the University of Toronto and others most vulnerable to the virus are residents of India and Indonesia. The epidemic of the virus can also start in the Philippines, Vietnam, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Unfortunately, Nigeria is also among those dangerous countries where the illness was fixed. Actually, it was the first country where the problem was recorded not in monkey`s, but in a human organism. And nowadays the problem is still vibrant in this country.
Predictions of scientists are based on the number of travelers traveling on airplanes. In addition, they have identified the country, inhabited by mosquitoes that can become carriers of the virus, as well as take into account the local climate. On this basis, they have identified the countries in which the epidemic may begin in the case of contact with these viruses.
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According to them, in many countries people live in an environment in which to detect the virus, such as to respond to it and to suspend its distribution will be difficult. The situation is also complicated by the problems with the health care in these countries. At the same time, scientists admit that in some areas people have a natural immunity to the virus, which may somewhat reduce the risks.
Zika virus was found in 65 countries around the world, these include many Asian countries.
While there is no more or less effective vaccine, the best thing you can do - to avoid mosquito bites. The carrier of fever is considered to be only one of their kind, the Aedes, but it is unlikely that you will be able to distinguish it from the usual, so it is best to protect yourselves from each insect.
And if you are pregnant?
This is exactly the case when it is better to sit at home and get ready to become a mother. The biggest threat of the Zika virus is specifically for women in a certain position. Actually, not even for themselves, but for their future newborn. The virus may cause microcephaly at them - reduced size of a skull, as a consequence, the small size of the brain.
If you cannot postpone a trip to a dangerous region, do it, but you should take extra precautions. Check with your doctor, and during the trip do not remove far away from civilization and medical institutions. Also, to all the circumstances, to exercise particular caution is recommended for women planning to become pregnant.
If you are pregnant and you are in a dangerous country, you should immediately see a doctor and pass the necessary tests. The rest can not be in a hurry, as effective means of diagnosis of fever does not yet exist. At least in terms of the local polyclinic doctors will not recognize it accurately. If within three weeks after the arrival of you manifested typical symptoms, you should go to the hospital immediately.
Also be careful, because probably this virus is passed from one person to another. So far, we know at least one confirmation, that Zika virus is sexually transmitted. In 2009, American biologist, who returned from Senegal, "awarded" his wife with it. Now there is evidence that transmission of the virus is also possible through kissing, but WHO official confirmation has not yet happened.
In most cases, due to timely medical treatment, the disease is fairly easy. Most symptoms have long been known to us for a variety of strains of influenza. However, the consequences and possible complications are not fully understood, so it is not worth to seek for adventures deliberately.
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