Are you planning to be pregnant? It is very difficult and important process. But the preparation for it isn’t of less importance. We give you five most important pre-conception health checks, which will allow your pregnancy be successful. Read the article and learn more about the checklist.
Pregnancy period is very important not only in the life of the mother but it also largely determines the life of the unborn child. Accordingly, it should be prepared, and, what is important, in advance.
On average, the preparing takes from 3 to 6 months, in some cases up to a year. The first thing you need to visit all the specialists and tests that are required when planning a pregnancy.
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There is a perception that preparation for pregnancy – it's a female thing. This is not so. The man also has to pass all the tests before pregnancy. After all, the health of the child depends on the health of its parents.
Of course, the list of tests during pregnancy for men is significantly shorter than for women. Still, the woman involved not only in conceiving, but her responsibility for baby's health is also much bigger.
So what are the five most important tests you should pass before pregnancy?
The first thing a woman should do is to go to a gynecologist, who will examine the reproductive tract, the cervix to see if there are any abnormalities. And, of course, he will take a smear to test flora. This will allow determining the presence of pathogenic organisms, e.g., fungus candida before pregnancy, as well as setting the development of latent infections, such as Ureaplasma and Chlamydia. Also, the smear allows you to define a precancerous condition.
As you know, the earlier such disease is diagnosed, there are more chances to save the patient's life. It is established that pregnancy may provoke the development of cancer cells so that this analysis are necessary before pregnancy.
Smear helps to determine the presence of certain diseases, but not all. Therefore, before pregnancy a blood test for infection is required. These tests are for both parents. It is very important, first, to determine if parents have an infection and don’t treat it. If there are any, they should be treated, and only after that try to conceive a child.
Determination of blood group and RH factor
The list of tests during pregnancy includes the analysis on the blood group and RH factor. These analyses also pass both partners. As you know, if the partner has negative RH factor and the other has positive the immunological conflict can occur in pregnancy: a woman's body rejects the fetus, seeing it as a foreign body.
Knowing in advance about the possibility of rhesus-conflict, pediatrician which observes problematic pregnancy can develop a treatment plan in advance.
These important analyses exist to identify diseases of the genitourinary system, including urinary tract, bladder, and even kidneys. It is very important to appropriately and timely collect urine for analysis. You need to collect urine in the morning as soon as you get out of bed, and it is important to pass no later than 2 hours after that. The analyses aren’t given during menstruation. Blood in the urine will skew the result.
Before collecting the urine, you must be washed away and have to close the vagina with a tampon. You have to pass the average portion of urine on the analysis.
No less important is to choose the right container, where the urine will be collected. It must be perfectly cleaned. It may be a small jar or disposable container, which you can find in a drugstore.
Ultrasound of the pelvic organs – the most important procedure during pregnancy. It allows you to specify if there are any malformations of the uterus, to check whether the mucous membrane of the uterus is in the right phase of the cycle. Ultrasound also allows circumstantial evidence to determine approaching ovulation.
In addition, ultrasound examination shows the condition of the ovaries, the presence of such abnormalities as dysmenorrhea, uterine fibroids and so on. All diseases and inflammatory processes in the uterus may prevent the harmonious development of pregnancy.