It seems that a staph infection is not dangerous to human life. But I advise you to read this article. Just look over the information! I hope that this infection does not apply to you.
Symptoms of staph infection are very diverse, ranging from purulent lesions of the skin and subcutaneous tissue and ending with diseases of the nervous system.
The causative agent of staphylococcal infections is staph bacterias (Staphylococcus aureus). Generally, staphylococcus lives on the skin surface and do not pose any danger. However, if aureus gets into the human body, it can develop a potentially dangerous staphylococcal infection. I propose to study the symptoms of staph infections so that you can recognize the disease. As a result, you will be able to receive timely medical help if it is necessary.
Symptoms and signs of staph infection depend on organ or system which has undergone a defeat. The degree of severity of infection is dependent on the aggression of the microorganism and the immune system of the individual. The most common warning signs of staph infection are the following diseases.
Well, let's see how to recognize this infection. More specifically speaking, I propose to consider systemic signs and symptoms of staph infection.
Inspect the skin to check the appearance of symptoms.
The most visible signs of staph infection are manifested on the skin. It is the early signs of staph infection. It can take the form of ulcers, rashes, and blisters, which may be accompanied by discharge or pus. This may be a so-called pyoderma. Purulent inflammation occurs as a result of the introduction of bacteria into the skin. At the same time, the sebaceous and sweat glands may become inflamed and also the hair follicles. Staph infection can occur anywhere on your body, but most often signs of staph infection appear on the face, back, chest.
Among the most frequent manifestations of pyoderma recovered:
- folliculitis - this is manifested in inflammation of the upper part of the hair follicle,
- hidradenitis - when the place of localization of infection is the sweat glands,
- carbuncle - when inflaming skin, skin tissue and a group of hair follicles,
- furuncle - inflame hair follicle, sebaceous gland and around connective tissues.
The inflammatory process is always accompanied by the appearance of purulent masses, edema, and hyperemia of surrounding tissue, and painful sensations of varying intensity. In some cases, you can have a fever, vomiting and may occur nausea (often with carbuncles and hidradenitis). So, if you notice any of these symptoms, it may indicate you have a staph infection:
- Boils are considered the most common symptom of a staph infection. These are red and swollen skin, pus-filled.
- Impetigo is a highly contagious rash that can form large blisters.
- Cellulitis has the form red or swollen area of skin. Sores that emit a discharge may appear in the affected area.
Check for the presence signs of bacteremia
Bacteremia is a condition that provokes getting staph bacteria in your blood. This is highly undesirable because then the infection can get into other parts of the body. If a staph reaches internal organs or bones, it could infect them.
- Having a fever may indicate the presence of bacteremia.
- Low-blood pressure will usually accompany an instance of bacteremia.
Osteomyelitis. Staph infection is evident in the necrotic and suppurative damage of bone and bone marrow, as well as the surrounding soft tissues. In adulthood most often affects the spine, way of infection is hematogenous, and i.e. the bacteria reaches the destination using the bloodstream. In this case, the symptoms are not too pronounced. The temperature usually does not exceed subfebrile marks (37,1-38,0°C). At the same time, a person is experiencing pain at the site of inflammation and impaired motor function in the relevant field.
Your heart is in danger
Among possible options of staph infection is not excluded defeat of the inner lining and valves of the heart, which is defined as endocarditis. The mortality statistics indicates relatively high levels, which reaches about 60%.
Staph infection gets to the heart with blood and begins the rapid destruction of the heart valve. As a result, there are complications expressed in the form of peripheral artery blockage, abscess of infarction and heart failure. A common staphylococcal infection causes intoxication in some cases, and it can trigger toxic shock syndrome and food toxicosis.
Food poisoning, provoked by staphylococci, develops acutely. The first signs of infection are often observed after half an hour after consumption of contaminated food. Among patients were noticed symptoms:
- abdominal pain,
- frequent vomiting,
- a feeling of nausea.
Check out the symptoms of bacterial and toxic shock.
Toxic shock is life-threatening, and it requires immediate medical treatment. This condition occurs when staph appears in the human body through the skin lesions, surgical wounds, and even as a result of improper use of tampons. Look for the following symptoms of bacterial and toxic shock:
- Fever, muscle pain, and abdominal pain may indicate that you have a bacterial and toxic shock.
- Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea can also be symptoms of this condition.
The appearance of toxic shock precedes penetration particularly aggressive types of toxins in the blood. These processes affect on blood pressure which becomes small, and the patient has a fever and a severe abdominal pain and nausea. The patient complains of a headache and diarrhea, disturbed his consciousness. Some time later, a blotchy rash is added to the complex of symptoms.
Pay attention to symptoms that could mean septic arthritis.
Septic arthritis can develop as a result of staphylococcal infections. The reason is the penetration of bacteria into the joint cavity and its subsequent infection. The most common sites of infection are the joints in the knees. But it does not mean that any other joint cannot be struck by a staph infection.
- Septic arthritis is usually accompanied by the following symptoms:
- Swelling in the affected joint.
- Acute pain in the joint.
- High fever.
Protect your nose from a cold.
Signs of staph infection in nose have several manifestations:
Rhinitis is the first sign of a staph infection. Causing inflammation in the nasal mucosa, the bacterium causes a copious mucus, which makes it difficult nasal breathing. It is here that often settles a kind of staph bacteria - Staphylococcus aureus. Besides, a person can be a carrier of the infection - permanent or temporary. In most cases the patient complains of the following symptoms: shortness of breath, violation of the sense of smell, increased the allocation of mucous secretions, changing the timbre of voice, mouth breathing. The amount of mucus increases as the disease progresses and becomes like pus.
Sinusitis. It is characterized by an inflammatory process localized in the paranasal sinuses. Maxillary and frontal lobes are affected more often than others, leading to the development of diseases such as maxillary sinusitis or frontal sinusitis. The disease is very common in the practice of otolaryngologists. Doctors have proved that adults who have upper respiratory tract infection often suffer from sinusitis. In particular, sinusitis is up to 10% of all diseases of the upper respiratory tract. The patients have the following symptoms:
- inability to nasal breathing,
- an expressed runny nose with secretions yellow-green color,
- general weakness,
- sleep disorders,
- lack of appetite,
- high fever
- pain localized in the area inflamed sinus.
If the staph infection is acute, the fever reaches the figure up to 39 degrees Celsius; if the disease becomes chronic, it is not more than 37.5 degrees Celsius.
Your throat and pharynx also require attention.
Pharyngitis. This disease is characterized by an inflammatory process localized in the mucosal areas lining the throat. Infection often captures adjacently located tissue of tonsils. In this case, the disease becomes complicated. Patients experience the following symptoms:
- redness posterior pharyngeal wall,
- appearance viscous mucus
- A sore throat,
- A dry cough,
All these symptoms occur against the background of general weakness with high fever and decreased appetite. According to statistics, pharyngitis caused by staphylococci, are diagnosed in adults no more than 5% of cases.
Laryngitis. It is accompanied by the presence of inflammation in the mucous membrane lining the larynx. In addition, the trachea often exposed to infection, which is called laryngotracheitis. A distinctive feature of staph infection is the presence of purulent discharge. In addition, the patient complained of pain in the throat, dry and scratchy, changes in voice. Furthermore, a patient has a fever, preferably not more than 37 degrees Celsius.
Bronchitis. The disease is characterized by inflammation of the bronchi. It often begins with the development of the pathological process in the upper airways with a gradual turn to the larynx, trachea, and bronchi. A patient suffers from a cough, which may be dry or moist with sputum discharge. Sputum is purulent contents during infection of the bronchi by the bacterium Staphylococcus. Further, patients show high fever up to 39 degrees Celsius, dyspnoea and pain in the chest area.
Pneumonia. If staphylococcal infection affects the lung tissue, it requires severe course of treatment. Statistics indicate that this kind of pneumonia, a person can receive only 1% of cases outside the hospital, but in the hospital, - staph affects the lungs much more often, on average, in 15% of cases. Regular re-fever are also present among the complex symptoms during this disease. That is, it periodically rises and falls, which is manifested in the form of fever. The patient suffers from severe shortness of breath, muscle weakness, pain when coughing or breathing. Place of localization morbid sensations are the thorax. Sputum becomes with purulent impurities. A face color becomes cyanotic, which is the result of oxygen starvation. Staphylococcal pneumonia often lead to the development of lung abscess and empyema of pleura. The most severe complication of the staph pneumonia is sepsis.
This is the most common diseases caused by staph infection. However, I suggest you make a complete clinical picture, which causes a staph infection. I offer you familiarize with the general symptoms caused by the staph microorganism:
- Local fever. In this way, the body tries to cope with the disease-causing bacteria and prevent its reproduction. This method of protection is called a bacteriostatic effect.
- The hyperemia, which is formed due to a rush of blood to the site of inflammation. At the same time vessels to dilate, but venous blood flow decreases. It is not difficult to guess that this process is a protective reaction to infection, too. Thus, the body tries to increase the flow of oxygen to neutralize a toxic effect.
- Swelling of the tissues by increasing vascular permeability.
- Painful feeling caused by clamping nerve the swelling of tissues. It may also cause damage to the blood vessels due to the excessive inflow of the blood that contributes to the appearance of painful symptoms.
- Violation of the functionality of organs and tissues as a result of damage at the cellular level.
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It is important! You do not have to apply knowledge concerning the symptoms of the disease in adulthood in relation to children. This is caused by that signs of infection will vary somewhat during different ages. This fact applies in particular to newborns and children up to one year.
If you notice these symptoms, you should visit a pediatrician to diagnose staph infections.
I sincerely hope that this article has been helpful to you.
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