What types of acne are there and what treatments do doctors suggest to get with each of them? We have an answer right here, so learn more with us!
Having acne is a nightmare most of us are extremely afraid of. That is why it is best to know more about this thing because of prepared means armed and ready to fight with it. And on top of that, different types of acne require special treatment. So, prepare yourself for a guide through the types of acne.
What types of acne are there?
Scholars divide acne into two major types: inflammatory and non-inflammatory.
The non-inflammatory type includes blackheads and whiteheads, while the inflammatory one includes papules, pustules, nodules and cysts, results from the body's fight to contain an infection. Let’s see what each of these types mean in particular.
What is “blackheads”?
Scientifically speaking, “blackheads are a feature of acne, a common skin condition that involves lesions frequently referred to as pimples, spots, zits, whiteheads or blackheads. Blackheads are a particular kind of dark acne lesion, so-called because they contain oxidized melanin, the pigment made by skin cells called melanocytes.”
The scholars cannot provide one cause of the emergence of this type of acne. However, they state that the reasons for developing this condition can either be skin cells overgrowth or the blockage of follicle growth.
Besides, they can be a result of puberty changes as well as menstrual periods, pregnancy, and taking birth control medications. Less likely is the result of the cosmetics failure.
To treat blackheads one should take medications or use cosmetics. Here is what the official sources state about the medication treatment of this type of acne: “Take drugs that contain ingredients such as salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide, and resorcinol. They work by killing bacteria, drying excess oil, and forcing the skin to shed dead skin cells. Or also medications that contain vitamin A, such as tretinoin, tazarotene, and adapalene keep plugs from forming in the hair follicles and promote more rapid turnover of skin cells.”
What is “whiteheads”?
This is also a type of acne that is not associated with swelling and redness. It is not inflammatory. Here is a little bit about the process of developing this acne type on your skin.
“A whitehead has a thin layer of skin covering the pore, trapping the plug beneath the pore’s surface. Since the oil in the pore is not exposed to oxygen, it remains white or yellow, the natural color of sebum and dead white blood cells (or pus). This differs from a blackhead, which is an open comedo that turns “black” when the pigment in the oil is oxidized by exposure to oxygen in the air.” This kind of acne usually can be seen on one’s face; however, in rarer cases, they also happen to one’s body.
The treatment for this type of acne can be done at home. To treat it you can use baking soda in a thick paste, make a sugar scrub to pill them off, apply some lemon juice on a cotton ball to the damaged places, and use some apple cider vinegar as a remedy to treat and heal the areas affected by whiteheads type of acne.
What are papules?
The causes for papules are as following: dermatitis, chickenpox, eczema. Scientifically speaking “papules are an area of abnormal skin tissue that is less than 1 centimeter around. Papules have distinct borders, and they can appear in a variety of shapes. Papules are often called skin lesions, which are essentially changes in the color or texture of your skin. Sometimes, papules cluster together to form a rash.”
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Among the other reasons you have papules are side effects of taking the particular medication, psoriasis leprosy, bug bites, and shingles. To treat papules one should consult a specialist to prescribe medication.
However, before you see a doctor try to stick to simple rules:
- Do not irritate your skin by scratching it
- Avoid using scrubs that can damage the surface of your skin
- Consider changing makeup producer
- Change type of cosmetics you sue at the time being
- Let your skin breathe and get sufficient amount of air
What are pustules?
Pustules are small bumps on the surface of your skin. They are usually white or red with white in the center. They may be painful to the touch and the skin around the bump may be red and inflamed.
They can be found all over your body including places like shoulders, chest, pubic area, underarms, and face. The professionals warn that whenever pustules are found along with nausea, fever, diarrhea, pain, clammy skin, vomiting, one should call the emergency services right away, as this might be a sign of the severe medical condition.
To treat pustules try drying its top layers with soaps, lotions, or any other cosmetics. You should also refrain from using oil-based products, such as lotions or petroleum jelly, in the areas affected by pustules. These products can further block your pores and cause more pustules to grow. Do not damage the skin on the pustules, as this can lead to complications. And contact your dermatologist once you find them on your body to get proper medication if needed.
What are cysts?
Cysts are noncancerous, closed pockets of tissue that can be filled with fluid, pus, or other material. These pockets are growing slowly, do not cause pain and look very smooth. You can get this type of acne vulgaris as a result of infection, clogging of sebaceous glands (oil glands), or around foreign bodies, such as earrings.
To treat them you will have to consult a doctor, as there is no way these bumps will disappear on their own. They can be treated with an injection of particular medication to make it shrink. Cysts that do not respond to other treatments or reoccur can be removed surgically if they cause troublesome symptoms.
This is everything you need to know about types of acne and treatment for it. Some of these bumps can be treated with home remedies, while others need to be treated by a specialist with the aid of active medication or even surgery. However, keep in mind that a lot of them can be prevented by following simple personal hygiene rules and sticking to the healthy clean environment instead of unorganized and carefree behavior.
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