How to get rid of vaginal infection? What tips are the best? How to prevent vaginitis? Are toilet infection symptoms dangerous? Find out everything about this intimate topic here!
Vaginitis is a certain medical term used to refer to a variety of diseases that cause severe infection or inflammation of the vagina. However, vulvovaginitis refers to inflammation of the vulva and vagina (the external female genitalia). These diseases may develop as a result of vaginal infections which are caused by certain bacteria, viruses or fungi, as well as a result of irritation from chemical substances used in creams, sprays, or in contact with clothing in this intimate place. In some cases, vaginitis symptoms are transmitted by sexual partners.
What are the symptoms of toilet infection in females?
The symptoms of vaginitis can vary depending on the cause of infection. Some women have no symptoms. The most common vaginitis symptoms include:
- Abnormal vaginal discharge with really unpleasant odor.
- The severe burning sensation during urination.
- Itching at the entrance to the vagina.
- Discomfort during sex.
Is vaginal discharge normal?
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In general vagina normally produces some discharge that can be described as clean or slightly ‘cloudy’, but non-irritating and odorless. During a normal female menstrual cycle, the amount and also consistency of discharge can differ. Once a month, you may receive a small amount of very transparent discharge, which is similar to water. At other times very thick discharge may appear. Such situations are considered as normal.
Vaginal discharge with different odor or irritating the skin is usually considered pathological. Irritation may occur itching or burning. Itching may occur at any time of the day, but often at night. These symptoms are often worse after intercourse. It is important to see a doctor, if you notice the change of quantity, color and odor of discharge.
What are the most wide-spread types of vaginal infections?
There are 6 the most common types of vaginal infections:
- Candidiasis or ‘yeast’ infections.
- Viral vaginitis.
- Trichomoniasis vaginitis.
- Bacterial vaginosis.
- Chlamydia vaginitis.
- Non-infectious vaginitis
While each of these vaginal infections may have different symptoms, a woman is not always easy to determine what type of vaginosis occurs. Even an experienced doctor can meet difficulties diagnosing it. Sometimes several types of infections present at the same time. However, the infection may be present even in the absence of symptoms.
In order to understand these 6 causes of vaginitis better, let us briefly examine each of them, symptoms and methods for their treatment.
What is candida or vaginal ‘fungal’ infections?
Fungal infection of the vagina is what most ladies think, hearing the word ‘vaginitis’. Vaginal yeast infections are always caused by one of the numerous species of fungus called Candida.Also Candida normally lives in small ammount in the mouth, vagina and digestive tract in both ladies and men.
Fungal infections can produce white, thick vaginal discharge that sometimes resembles cottage cheese in consistency; but this does not always happen. Fungal infections result in redness and itching of the vagina and vulva.
Are vaginal yeast infections transmitted during sexual intercourse?
Fungal infections are not usually transmitted during sexual intercourse and are not STDs.
What factors increase the risk of dangerous vaginal yeast infections?
A few things that increase the risk of fungal infections include:
- Recent antibiotic treatment. For example, a woman can take antibiotics to treat infections and kills ‘friendly’ bacteria that maintain the normal balance of fungi. As a result, fungi grow and cause infection.
- Uncontrolled diabetes. In this case an excess of sugar gets to the urine and vagina.
- Pregnancy, which alters hormone levels.
Other factors include:
- Oral contraceptives (birth control pills).
- Diseases affecting the immune system.
- Thyroid disease or endocrine disorders.
- Corticosteroid therapy.
How to treat vaginal yeast infections or toilet infection treatment
Fungal infections are often treated with drugs, which are inserted into the vagina. This medication is created in the form of a cream or suppository, many of which can be bought without a prescription. Medication in the form of tablets can be purchased with a prescription.
What should be done to prevent vaginal yeast infections?
To prevent fungal infections you should:
- Wear loose-fitting clothing made of natural fabrics (cotton, linen, silk).
- Avoid wearing tight pants.
- Do not douche. (Douching can kill bacteria that control fungus).
- Reduce the use of feminine deodorant.
- Reduce the use of deodorized tampons and pads.
- To change wet swimsuit as soon as possible.
- Avoid frequent hot tubs.
- Wash underwear in hot water.
- Have balanced diet.
- Drink yogurt.
- If you have diabetes, you should keep your blood sugar levels close to normal.
If you are often infected by fungal infections, tell your doctor. He or she will conduct certain examinations and tests for the detection of other diseases.
What is bacterial vaginosis?
Although the ‘fungus’ is a name that most of the women consider as vaginal infection and bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most wide-spread type of vaginal infection among women of reproductive age. BV occurs due to a combination of several bacteria. These bacteria multiply excessively, as well as Candida, with vaginal dysbiosis. The specific reason for the reproduction has not been detected.
Is bacterial vaginosis transmitted during intercourse?
BV is not transmitted through any sexual intercourse, but it is more common among sexually active women. This is not a serious disease, but it can increase the risk of other sexually transmitted diseases, and inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs, which may subsequently lead to surgical interventions such as abortion and hysterectomy. Some studies have found the risk of preterm birth in women who ‘picked up’ an infection during pregnancy. But recent studies have refuted this connection.
What are the symptoms of bacterial vaginosis?
About 50% of women have dangerous bacterial vaginosis with no symptoms at all. Most women know that they have an infection during the annual gynecological examination. But if symptoms occur, they may include:
- White or colorless discharge.
- Discharge with a fishy odor, which intensified after intercourse.
- Pain during urination.
- Itching and burning in the vagina.
How is bacterial vaginosis diagnosed?
Your doctor will tell you whether you have BV. He or she will examine you and take a sample of fluid from your vagina. Liquid examine under a microscope. In most cases, the doctor can immediately say, whether you have BV or not.
What is bacterial vaginosis treatment?
Bacterial vaginosis can be cured only with the help of drugs, which are prescribed by your doctor. They are not freely available in the pharmacy, so you cannot buy these drugs. These medications are available in the form of tablets and vaginal cream or gel.
Should I be treated for bacterial vaginosis if I am pregnant?
Maybe. But some medicines cannot be taken in the first trimester of pregnancy. Tell your doctor that you are pregnant. Also tell your doctor if you could become pregnant in this cycle. You and your doctor should discuss whether you should engage in the treatment of infections.
How can I protect myself from bacterial vaginosis?
Ways of prevention of bacterial vaginosis are not yet found. Feminine hygiene products such as deodorants cannot prevent or cure infection. They can even worsen the condition.
What vaginal infections are transmitted during sexual intercourse?
There are several vaginal infections, which are transmitted during sexual intercourse. They have different symptoms and usually can be easily detected. Trichomoniasis is also caused by tiny single-celled organisms that infect the vagina, can cause a frothy, yellow-green discharge. Often such separation has a disgusting smell. Women with trichomoniasis vaginitis may complain of itching and dryness of the vagina and vulva, as well as a severe burning sensation during urination. Additionally, you may feel discomfort in the abdomen and pain in the vagina during intercourse. These symptoms may get worse after periods. But a lot of women have no symptoms.
Chlamydia is another form of vaginitis, which is sexually transmitted. Unfortunately, most women do not have symptoms chlamydiosis, which complicates diagnosis. Sometimes, there is vaginal discharge, but not always. Most women have a little bleeding, especially after intercourse, and pain in the abdomen and pelvis. Chlamydia vaginitis is common among young women (18-35 years), who had several sexual partners. If you fall into this category, you should be tested for chlamydia during an annual pelvic exam. Not cured chlamydia can damage the female reproductive organs, so that the woman would meet difficulties to get pregnant.
Some sexually transmitted viruses cause vaginitis, including herpes simplex virus and human papilloma virus (HPV). The initial symptom of herpes is pain associated with the appearance of sores or wounds. These ulcers can usually be seen on the vulva or vagina, but sometimes they are deep in the vagina and can only be detected during a pelvic examination.
HPV is sometimes referred to as genital warts, because it causes the development of warts in the vagina, rectum, vulva or groin. These warts are usually white or gray color, but may be red or pink. If the warts are not visible, it is necessary to do a special test for HPV in order to detect the virus.
What is noninfectious vaginitis?
Sometimes a woman feels itching, burning or vaginal discharge in the absence of infection. The most common cause of these phenomena is an allergic reaction or irritation from vaginal sprays, douches, or spermicidal products. The skin around the vagina can also be sensitive to perfumed soaps, detergents and fabric softener.
Another noninfectious form of vaginitis is a result of decrease in hormone levels during menopause or after surgery of removing the ovaries. In this case, the vagina becomes dry. This form of vaginitis refers to atrophic vaginitis. A woman may feel pain, especially during intercourse, vaginal itching and burning.
How to treat vaginal infections?
The basis for correct treatment is the correct diagnosis. It is not always easy, because the same symptoms may occur with different forms of vaginitis. You have read most of them above. You really will need the help of the doctor, telling what kind of symptoms you have, when they appeared, describing the color, consistency, odor and amount of abnormal discharge. Do not take shower before the gynecological examination; this can greatly affect the test results. Some doctors ask to abstain from sex for the day before the survey.
Since different types of vaginitis have different causes and symptoms, treatment will also be specific for each type of vaginitis. It is important that the treatment must be prescribed by a doctor. Do not self-medicate!
‘Non-infectious’ vaginitis is treated by removing the possible reasons that caused it. If you recently changed the soap or washing powder or added in the washing machine emollient, it is necessary to stop using these products and see if the symptoms disappear. The same should be done with the new vaginal sprays, douches, sanitary napkins or tampons. If vaginitis is caused by hormonal changes, it can be assigned to receive estrogen to reduce the symptoms.
How to prevent vaginitis?
There are several ways to help you to prevent the occurrence of vaginitis and its symptoms. If you suffer from fungal infections, avoid clothing that is not breathable. Wearing nylon panties and tight jeans can lead to fungal infections. It is important to have the proper intimate hygiene. In addition, doctors have found that if a woman is eating a yogurt with live cultures, she is less prone to infection.
Most doctors do not recommend the use of vaginal sprays and perfumed soap for hygiene of intimate places, because they can cause irritation. Douching can also cause irritation, and more importantly, hide a vaginal infection. During the vaginal douche healthy bacteria are washed away, so it may lead to deterioration of vaginosis.
Do not have sex without a condom, otherwise you may be infected by a partner or infect him.
If you are going through menopause, you have your ovaries removed, or have low level of estrogen for other reasons, discuss with your doctor the need of estrogen in tablets, in the form of a cream or vaginal ring to maintain moisture and vaginal health.
Do not forget to have regular gynecological examination. If you have had some sexual partners, check up whether you have sexually transmitted diseases.
When should I see a doctor?
- You should consult a doctor at any time if you have such symptoms:
- Your vaginal secretions change color, become more abundant or change their scent.
- You experience itching, burning, swelling or dryness of the vagina and surrounding area.