In tropical countries, mosquitos transmit Zika virus. This infection is particularly dangerous for women during pregnancy. What are zika symptoms in pregnancy? Read the article to get essential information.
Zika virus rarely causes severe illness requiring hospitalization, and even more rarely causes death. The main danger of this infection is that it can cause abnormal development of the fetus if Zika infects a woman during pregnancy.
A bit of history
Zika virus is an acute viral disease. It is one of the hemorrhagic fevers. Before 2013, Zika virus occupied only the territory of the African continent. The virus is not dangerous for indigenous people because they have immunity. At the end of 2015, the epidemic spread to Latin America.
Zika symptoms in pregnancy
The main zika symptoms in pregnancy are:
- Pain in the joints and muscles
- Increased body temperature
- Severe headache
- Nausea and vomiting
Symptoms usually appear from four to twelve days after infection and may be present throughout the week. However, we must remember that all symptoms are individual, and the virus may not have visible symptoms during pregnancy.
Zika virus in pregnant women
Pregnant women suffer from Zika fever in the same way as the most people do. Perhaps, pregnant women are more susceptible to this disease due to the physiological decline of immunity. Complications of the virus most often occur in pregnant women.
The incubation period lasts from two to fourteen days. Then suddenly the body temperature can reach 39 degrees. The particular rash appears in the form of hard blisters with fluid, transparent content with a diameter up to 1 cm. They usually extend around the torso, limbs, and face.
These symptoms are always accompanied by severe pain in the joints and muscles, malaise and lack of appetite.
Fever with a rash lasts about five days. After that, the symptoms gradually weaken and disappear.
Why is Zika dangerous in pregnancy?
Scientists have recently found that the outbreak of Zika coincides with an increase in the frequency of children born with the abnormality of brain development. Doctors call it microcephaly.
When microcephaly a newborn has a reduction in head and brain size. In very severe cases, there is no brain at all. Depending on the severity of microcephaly, it can cause developmental delays, mental retardation, loss of hearing or vision, or even the death of a child in the first hours or days after birth.
There is evidence that Zika infection in pregnancy may cause fetal microcephaly. However, only a profound practical research can confirm this data.
Now you know the usual Zika symptoms in pregnant women. Keep in mind this information to make a correct diagnosis in time to save both mother and a baby.
- READ ALSO: Is zika curable?