Dangerous pee and poop forms can tell about disease. When should you rush to the doctors? What changes will tell about dangerous changes in your body? Find out all the needed details here!
Poop is an indicator of the gastrointestinal tract. Information you can get from poop forms and colors is perhaps the most important indicator of the state of the gastrointestinal tract. Poop blood, for example, may be extremely dangerous.
A lot of people say that feces can cause laughter or embarrassment. But seriously, the external feces can say a lot about the state of their bowel health and, for that matter, the general state of health.
Everything (the shape, size, smell, color) may indicate the disease, poor nutrition, or other problems of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). Even the color and odor of poop may give you a hint about your overall health.
And since the average person produces 7000-8000 kg of waste throughout his life, this info should help everyone.
What can your poop tell?
The feces (poop, feces, excrement) - the contents of the distal part of the large intestine, released during defecation. Healthy human feces are a mixture consisting of about 1/3 of the ingested food residues, residues from 1/3 digestion and 1/3 of microbes, which 95% are dead.
The amount of feces depends on the quantity and quality of food intake. When it is quantitatively with the needs of the body weight of a mixed diet, the feces excreted per day is 200-300g, and according to some estimates up to 900g.
Poop weight largely depends on the content of water in it, so during constipation there is less enhanced water; poop weight is decreased daily and increased during diarrhea.
A significant increase in feces weight is observed in cases involving the assimilation of food (gastric ahilii, lesions of the pancreas, and so on). A special poop weight is an abundance of patients with lesions of the pancreas, in which the weight can be up to 1 kg.
The shape of poop depends on consistency, water content, fat and mucus. Normal feces contain about 70-75% of the water and have a ‘sausage’ form and homogeneous structure. Resilient, even hard poop, which is observed during constipation, loses normal shape and usually consists of separate lumps because of its long stay in the colon. During spastic colitis ‘sheep feces’ are often observed. It means small round lumps with solid consistency. Such dense feces contain about 60% water.
Changing the shape of feces (looking like ribbon, pencil) may depend on the organic stenosis and constrictions of spastic sphincter. Acceleration of peristalsis and especially liquid poop is a pathological phenomenon, which contains 90-92% water. The poop may also have heterogeneous nature; dense clumps can float in the fluid or mucus, which happens because of the inflammatory processes in the large intestine.
The consistency of the poop depends on several factors, the major one among which is the time of their stay in the large intestine. Acceleration of peristalsis leads to insufficient absorption of water, slowing - excessive suction. More liquid (than it is normal) poop consistency acquires due to abundant isolations of inflammatory exudate and mucus by bowel wall, when taking laxatives. Feces containing a lot of fat have a pasty consistency.
In a healthy body color of feces can vary depending on the intake food. Most often there are different shades of brown - dairy foods gives a light brown, even yellow, meat - dark brown. Plant foods give feces its color, beets - red, blueberry, black currant, coffee, cocoa - dark brown to black. Significant influence on the color of feces can give some drugs (for example, bismuth - black, iron supplements - a greenish-black, etc.).
Color of poop changes during the pathological processes in the digestive organs, these are plenty of them, for example, here are some. Because of no bile admission into the intestine poop, it becomes grayish-white, clay or sand color. Pancreatitis (pancreas disease) also gives almost white color of feces. Fatty poop can be gray. The presence of blood in feces gives a different color depending on the location of bleeding, if it is in the stomach - dark brown, almost black. Whether the lower hearth of intestinal bleeding is, it has the less dark color and more red.
The smell of feces depends on the presence of some products of decay of food residues, mostly protein, so an abundance of proteins in the food enhanced the smell. With the predominance of the intestine putrefaction (putrid dyspepsia, tumors decay) feces get fetid smell, during fermentation processes - sour. Badly chewed food and poor digestion may contain undigested food remains in the form of whitish or grayish lumps.
With a significant content of fat in the feces, its surface acquires a kind of slightly dull luster and buttery texture. Mucus in the poop has a normal minimum amount as a thin shiny plaque coating the surface of it. During inflammatory processes, it may appear in the feces in the form of lumps of whitish or yellow parts on the surface or between fragments.
If you have problems in the gastrointestinal tract, especially with bleeding, long-term constipation, be sure to contact your doctor. Do not self-medicate!
In a healthy person - the characteristics of the urine, color, hue, opacity, odor, even taste - must be normal. Deviations from the norm, may be signs of what? Sure signs of the disease. And, at least, this should be cause for concern.
So you want to have a general idea, find out what the urine of a healthy person should look like? Urinalysis is a laboratory study of fluid collected after urination. Urine study is performed in a specialized laboratory, which has special equipment and experienced staff with medical training. Observations and test results are interpreted by a doctor. Urine test helps your doctor to identify the symptoms of diseases, correct diagnosis, prescribe treatment and monitor the dynamics of the patient's condition. Determining including and efficacy of medicines, drugs, antibiotics and methods of treatment effect overall. Therefore, for the doctor, ideas about what normal urine should look like - is a sphere of professional knowledge on how to decipher the analysis.
But there is another thing: people with no medical training. It is clear that the common man is better not to engage in their own urine analysis. After all, he does not have clear ideas about what the urine of a healthy person should look like. And, especially, do not try to appoint a treatment on the grounds of amateur urine analysis. However, it is quite possible and highly desirable to monitor the condition of the fluid during urination. Pay attention to the color, odor, turbidity and froth of urine. In fact, the majority of people do so. Only the ‘household urine analysis’ is held unconsciously, automatically. Sooner or later, it happens that people notice (properly say define) a change, darkening of color and more sharp, strong, sometimes even objectively unpleasant smell of urine. People may notice some liquid after urination, turbidity, not transparency, urine foam, crystals, stones, threads, mucus, blood and semen. On the basis people suspect the disease and want to know: what kind of treatment they need to have.
Note: the dark color of urine after exercise is normal. That is how it should be.
Normal urine of a healthy person: features, characteristics and properties of the fluid after urination:
- Color of normal urine (pee color) of healthy person without pathologies is light, not bright, straw yellow color, with no pink color. And it seems quite clear liquid. Not turbid from the first sight and it does not have sediment or slurry. If you see pee blood immediately visit a doctor! It may be very dangerous!
- The smell of fresh urine is normal for healthy person having no abnormalities or disorders; it is specific, in extreme cases: very weak ammonia. However, the smell of ammonia in the urine is not perceived sharply unpleasant, repulsive, most often people do not pay attention.
- When urinating there should be no sense of discomfort, which is expressed in the burning, itching or pain. Itching, burning, and pain are not necessarily related to an inflammatory process in the urinary tract. Most of them can be caused by certain characteristics of urine, for example, the liquid is highly concentrated.
- Normal urine of healthy person, should not make foam, there should be stable foam on the liquid surface. Concentrated urine often forms foam.
- Normal urine of healthy person should not contain: crystals, filaments, mucus, blood, flakes, cylinders, cells. As well as proteins leukocytes.
- Normally urine of a person, not having any disease, should have slightly salty taste of bitterness. The taste of the urine usually is not investigated, but there is an interesting fact: if the urine seems to taste sweet it is a sign of diabetes.
In those cases, when you notice that your urine have signs that do not fit into the description ‘what should the urine of a healthy person look like’ or if you think that the urine looks bad, for example, there was an orange tint - it is best not to self-medicate. And go to any doctor. He'll tell you how to make urine analysis. However, you can use test strips for urine analysis at home and visit the doctors with the results.