Everyone knows that people should control the level of cholesterol in their blood. However, many of them just do not know anything about it. What do you know about cholesterol? What should cholesterol levels be? Read the article to find out the answer.
A few people know what cholesterol is. However, ignorance does not prevent the majority of individuals from regarding it as an extremely harmful and hazardous substance. It is critical to maintaining normal cholesterol level in blood. After all, it affects our health, longevity, and happiness in life.
A few tips on cholesterol
Cholesterol is a particular substance similar to beeswax. It plays a significant role in metabolism. Cholesterol is a part of the cell walls, nerves, and brain. Cholesterol produced important hormones, including male sex hormone testosterone. Blood carries cholesterol throughout the body.
The liver produces over 82% of cholesterol. The rest of it comes into a human body with food. Most cholesterol is found in beef, chicken meat, eggs, dairy products and fish. Dietary cholesterol is absorbed in the small intestine. After that, it goes to the liver, which stores and uses it. The liver regulates cholesterol level in the blood. However, scientists still do not fully understand how it happens.
What should cholesterol levels be?
The cholesterol level in a human blood can vary from 3.5 mmol/l to 7.8 mmol/l. According to the British National Health Service, any concentration of more than 6.1 mmol/l is high, and significantly increases the risk of atherosclerotic disease. The UK Department of Health recommends a target cholesterol level of < five mmol/l.
Below you can find a list of cholesterol levels:
- Desirable: less than 200 mg/dl
- Upper limit: from 200 to 239 mg/dl
- High: from 240 mg/dl and above
- The optimal level: less than five mmol/l
- Slightly high cholesterol level: between 5 and 6.5 mmol/l
- Moderately high cholesterol level: between 6.6 and 7.7 mmol/l
- Very high cholesterol level: above 7.8 mmol/l
Who needs to control cholesterol level?
Healthy people rarely think about their vessels, and in particular about the cholesterol level. Those individuals who suffer from hypertension, and have problems with the cardiovascular system, should monitor cholesterol level regularly to prevent its negative impact.
The following categories of people must control the cholesterol level in their blood:
- Overweight people
- People who smoke
- Women with menopause
- People with heart failure
- People with sedentary lifestyle
- Aged people
- Men after 40 years
Now you know what cholesterol level should be. To find out your cholesterol level, you need to do the biochemical blood test. It is important to know that you cannot eat for 12 hours before the cholesterol test. You should also avoid physical activity before the test.
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