What do you know about last Ebola outbreak in Nigeria? What is Ebola virus? How people fight with it? Is there any cure?
Ebola virus outbreak started in December 2013. According to the New England Journal of Medicine, the patient zero of the epidemic, which frightened not only the whole Africa but also the world, was a two-year-old Guinea toddler. Starting from his infection during further several month Guinea`s Ministry of Health registered 86 cases of Ebola, where 59 of them ended with death. Nigeria got Ebola virus from an infected Liberian, who cared to visit friends in Lagos, which is the most populous city in the country. He started a chain of infections in July 2014 which supposedly infected 30 people and 9 of them died.
According to the World Health Organization, the country can be registered as free from the virus if in the term of 42 days there would be no new death and no new infected people. The WHO registered Nigeria as free from Ebola disease country on October 2014. According to the Ministry of Health and the WHO representatives, the mutual collaboration of the world organization and local authorities resulted in freeing Nigeria from Ebola virus. Upon the first day of the epidemic, Nigeria was provided with high professional specialists and sufficient funds to contain the virus and prevent Ebola from the spreading.
Unfortunately, the Ebola vaccine has not been discovered yet. That`s why it`s highly recommended to avoid visiting zone where Ebola outbreak is registered. It`s also recommended to avoid the contact with virus holders and inform local authorities if you faced with people who carry next symptoms:
- Muscle aches
- Sore throat
- Stomach pain
- High Fever
These Ebola virus symptoms are similar to standard flu but if these symptoms are located in residents of Africa or people who visited Africa. It`s needed for them to visit a doctor and get through blood and tissue tests. Ebola virus targets blood cells causing high intensive bleeding. The guarantee symptoms of Ebola:
- Nose bleeding
- Eyes bleeding
- Bleeding Diarrhea
- Urination with blood
- Tissue bleeding
As it was mentioned in the previous paragraph. There is no vaccine against Ebola virus. The only hope of not getting one of the Ebola carriers is not visiting areas registered with Ebola virus. Ebola virus can be transmitted through:
- Body fluids (urine, sweat, vomit, semen, breast milk)
- Objects infected by Ebola virus carriers, like needles, food, towels…
- Infected primates and fruit bats
- Sexual intercourse with Ebola victim (even protected sex can`t be a guarantee of not having Ebola, as the virus can be transmitted via other fluids during sex, like sweat, spit, tears, tissue parts, blood)
The WHO Ebola statistics
According to statistics, there are more than 30 000 people registered with Ebola virus thought the world. The 99% of them are Africans. Almost 14 000 people died from the virus during the epidemic in 2014-2015. The disease is incurable right now, but the world scientists are still searching for the vaccine. The only methods are available for fighting with Ebola is treating its symptoms. The WHO strictly recommends of not visiting regions where Ebola outburst was registered. For this moment, Nigeria does not have these areas from October 2014.