Water is one of the key necessities of life. However, millions of people in our world do not have it. Learn more about the WHO standard for drinking water.
Water is an amazing substance. It seems like there is plenty of it on our plant, but when it comes to drinking pure water, the facts sound rather disturbing. In reality high quality water is rare and it is the most precious resource we have. Before we talk of water quality and WHO standard for drinking water, let’s get some fascinating facts on it.
Water facts and stats
- 366 000 000 000 000 000 gallons of water
- Safe drinking water act 1974 was signed by president of US Gerald Ford
- Only less than 1 percent of it is potable
- The icebergs of Kilimanjaro decreased by 85 percent over the last years
- More people on our planet have cell phones, than access to pure drinking water
- 1/7 of population has no access to safe and clean drinking water
- In sub-Saharan region a person consumes only 5 gallons of water a day (compared to 150 per day in US)
- Only 0.03 percent of fresh drinking water is found on the Earth surface
- Over 60 percent of all the fresh water is stored in glaciers
- Water is the ultimate dissolvent
- To make just one slice of bread we have to use up to 10 gallons of water
- UN has acknowledged one of the human rights to use up to 100 liters of water per day
WHO standard for drinking water
The World Health Organization has set its detailed standards for the well water and other sources of drinking water. It has released its recommendations, which indicate the amount of minerals, microorganisms and other substances allowed in healthy drinking water.
Nigerian standard for drinking water quality complies with the WHO one. Over the years Nigeria has been notified about the problem in this area and it has taken steps to improve the situation. In Africa many deaths among its population are caused by water born infections. Many a time people drink water from rivers. It might be infested with bacteria or parasites causing thousands of deaths around the continent.
Presently many organizations and missions undertake efforts to improve the situation. They dig new wells for the local inhabitants. In 2015 Coca-Cola has launched a project called RAIN. They aim at supplying clean drinking water to over 2 million people on the continent. They build water stations, where it gets cleaned and is made fit to be consumed by humans.
Water pollution around the globe becomes a serious problem. Effects of such affect people by making them infected with a wide range of diseases. Plus, they get poisoned by various chemicals found in the open water sources. In Africa such rivers or even wells are in many cases located right next to lavatories or sources of biological and chemical pollution of water.
Due to the efforts of the global community the situation slightly changes for better. Still, issuing a WHO standard for drinking water or any other standards won’t complete the task. This problem requires both global and local attention and initiatives to be solved. Even local communities may take part in the process and provide vital help.
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