All people’s first impressions are based on our face and appearance. It is well known psychological fact. But how do we judge people? And what are the factors which help us to make an opinion about person? Read the article and find out!
How can we make a judgment about the person? And that can change it? It turns out that there are some regularities. So, we tend to judge other people for their appearance, and we record changes in a person only if there are any changes of moral quality. Here are some criteria that help us to assess other people.
Our first judgment about a person is connected with appearance
Experts from the University of York (UK) learned how to predict what will be the first impression of people, according to Medical News Today. It turns out that certain physical characteristics of a face a person can be judged, in particular, on how the given individual is friendly, if you can trust him, and also about many other things.
So, many with just a photograph can decide whether they will vote for a particular policy: if he superficially creates an impression of reliability, then there are some chances of winning the elections.
Scientists have shown 1000 images with faces of different people to volunteers who were asked to evaluate these people by the following criteria: accessibility, dominance, and attractiveness.
Then, taking 65 different parameters from each person, including the location of the eyes and the distance between the eyebrows, the study authors created a model which showed what personality traits are associated with certain features of appearance.
The real characteristics of a man did not always coincide with those attributed to him according to appearance. But if you post your resume with a photo, you should pay attention to the details that create the right impression, suggest experts.
By the way, sometimes appearance actually matches personal features. So, men with wide faces are generally strong and successful. Maybe it's the high testosterone levels, which also affect the structure of muscles and bones, and is associated with such leadership qualities as aggression and the desire for power.
At the same time, people with high intelligence often have beautiful facial features, because they may inherit from their ancestors a few mutations. The faces of maniacs and pedophiles usually have slight defects caused by the mutations.
We trust people with low voices
At least about election campaigns. Casey Klovstad and his colleagues at the University of Miami (USA) gave the volunteers listen to the voice of the same politicians, the tone of which was artificially raised or lowered.
He uttered only one sentence, urging to vote for him. It appeared that from 60 to 76 percent were ready to vote for the candidate with a deeper voice. This voice was associated with them with "power" and "competence."
After analyzing the results of the elections in the U.S. Congress in 2012, the authors found that, indeed, candidates with lower voices often appeared among the winners.
The first impression helps to sale
The sellers, who, are guided by their intuition, trust the first impression from a potential buyer, are more likely to sell him goods, say researchers from Texas Christian University, Tulane University and the University of Houston.
Scientists have asked the sellers from four stores, how they judge the buyers - at first sight or first considering their judgments. The responses were cross-referenced with sales data.
It turned out that those who trusted their intuition, was more successful in sales — they better understand what the customer needs. Those who draw conclusions only after the interaction with the buyer, could not boast the same high levels of sales. The whole point is in empathy, which increases the accuracy of intuitive judgments, experts say.
Psychopaths are deprived of the instinct of imitation
It is known that when somebody yawns in a big company, everyone else as the team starts to yawn too. Researchers from Baylor University have been asked 135 students to pass psychological tests, and then showed them a video of different people. Some of them yawned. Those who had low levels of empathy — the ability to empathize with others — seeing a person yawning, rarely imitated him, as opposed to those whose tests demonstrated a higher level of empathy. Lack of empathy is one of the "symptoms" of psychopathy.
Personality assessment depends on the moral qualities
Research on this topic was published in the journal Psychological Science. It was attended by 248 people suffering from such neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and dementia frontotemporal. The researchers asked relatives to evaluate the person on different stages of the disease.
It turned out that neither the decline of cognitive functions or lack of control over movements not perceived by the patient's relatives as a sign of personal change. Only if there were changes in nature, moral foundations, they said he became "another person."