People are wondering whether genetic and longevity are connected Do you have a chance to live a long life? Is it all about the genes? You’ll find all the answers right now.
Scientists have long been watching people, who are centenarians, the so-called long-livers. Until now it was thought that the credit for this, in most cases, belongs to their parents, who at conception have given them longevity gene. Genetic and longevity are really connected.
Gerontologists-scientists have proven that the more damaged genes a person has, the less he lives. At the same time the centenarians do not have such genes, they are not practically observed. The conclusion is clear: the longevity gene is inherited.
The well-known fact is that life expectancy is in the advantageous depends on the features that a person receives in the moment of conception. These features give the energy and determine the shape of the human structure (strong or weak).
Life expectancy is, in fact, derived from the cheerful status of parents and moments in which his conception happened. Luck to be born in a right way - it is thing that you could wish for everyone, but, unfortunately, not everyone appreciate it.
Referring to the three components, affecting the duration of life, we can name parents' health, the time of conception and the pregnancy.
Parental health. A person is the likeness of his father and mother, not only externally but also internally. The weaknesses and flaws of their internal organs are transmitted to children. The shape of older generation contributes to their predisposition to various diseases that may be transmitted to children. For example, gout disease, tuberculosis and hemorrhoids, a tendency to form stones in the gall bladder and the kidneys may become generic problems.
Age of father and mother may have a negative impact on the length and quality of life of their children. We are talking about very young or very old people. Entry into early marriage before 24 years for men and 18 for women, poses a threat to the disorder of their own state, which will inevitably affect the birth of weak children. This applies particularly to women.
The moment of conception. This moment has a significant impact on a person born as a part of his body, and of moral perception. The conception time is extremely important, and Mom and Dad do not have to forget about it. It is the moment a new life is born.
Nature is not for nothing gives it the highest degree of enthusiasm. There are in fact cases in which the child is conceived by people who are intoxicated, is born frank fool. Extreme creates extreme. A child conceived in moments of emotional unkind mental state or anxiety, can suffer from such mental or physical condition.
The gestation period. The father, of course, is the main culprit of a new life. But the development of the body of the future child depends only on the mother. A mother fetus receives all necessary things for proper development. A weak man can make a good baby, if the woman is endowed with good health. Conversely, a weak woman never bears hale and hearty child, no matter how strong the father is.
Pregnancy is a special time in a woman's life. Exclusion of nervousness, addictions, the ability to give up luxuries and pleasures that can harm the unborn child, give a chance for the birth of a man with good life prospects.
Longevity genetic factors
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Hereditary genetics refers to the means of prolonging life, not those which are in the power of man, but his power is the ability to convey to the next generation a predisposition to a long life.
But everything is not so simple, because it is proved that life expectancy has three composes:
- the hereditary factors,
- the impact on the body of the external environment
- the way of life
If a person who has received perfect genes at birth, gradually ‘killing’ himself, no genes will help, he will simply destroy them.
Thinking about the future of the child, do not forget about yourself. Move more, go on nature more often, do not cut the quality and duration of sleep (as possible). Everything is in your hands, we just need to go to bed a little earlier and get up half an hour earlier than usual. Instead of a stuffy bus, you should ride to work by bike or at least walk one or two stops.
Research work of Barzilai, negating the effect of lifestyle on longevity, was published in 2011. A year later, Tom Perls of Boston University showed that it is possible to calculate the probability of human longevity accurately, only after studying his genetic fund. With specialist in biostatistics Paola Sebastiani, Perls fully analyzed the genome of the study participants, centenarians (those, who are over 110). They identified 281 marker 130 genes associated with longevity: genetic code, a successful combination of genes for the lucky winning ticket to a long life.
Using a set of 130 genes, Perls can with accuracy 61% predict longevity. And the older people, the more accurate the data: he (using human genes data) can identify those who have turned 102 years or more with an accuracy of 73%, and calculate those who have turned 105 years or more – with an accuracy of 85%.
So, after all these years of anti-aging with the help of exercise and diet it turns out that the key to longevity at least is hidden in something else.
There is an evidence that the habits of centenarians in no way better than ours; the fact that only the genes of a person can determine whether he will live up to 100 years or longer - all this has led us to a new conclusion. Now, it is assumed that the theory of the relationship between the influence of genes and lifestyle as 1 to 3 does not apply in relation to super-long-livers. ‘In their case it is more likely 80 to 20’, - says Barzilai. That means 80 percent goes to genes and 20 percent to a way of life. It turns out that the whole thing is in the genes.
Lifestyle is more important
However, some scientists are sue that family lifespan has little effect on your longevity. Swedish researchers from Gothenburg University warn that lifestyle is more important than heredity: the life expectancy of your parents and grandparents cannot guarantee you longevity.
The Swedes remind that man is constantly under the influence of a range of environmental factors - from environmental to social. They all affect the health, activity and functioning of the organism. This ultimately affects the life expectancy. Individual biological features, inherited from the accounts will not be reset, only relying on long-lived ancestors, leading an unhealthy lifestyle, is not worth it.
Influence of various factors on the health of the population is estimated by scientists at several positions: living environment, production, social, biological factors and lifestyle of the individual. As a result, long-term survey of nearly 2 million men, the clinicians have come to the conclusion that among the factors affecting the duration of life, inherited is almost outsider.
The results showed that those participants who do not smoke, consume moderate doses of coffee and at the age of 50 years have - most importantly - lower cholesterol levels and a decent social and economic status, and at age 54 have a good physical shape and capacity to work, can look forward to the celebration his 90th birthday.
The scientists have found links between heredity and the appearance of a person of certain diseases. This issue, ‘is longevity genetic’, has been the subject of many studies, but few of them have considered the influence of genetics on life expectancy. The scientists found a link between life expectancy of parents and their children, but it was not as strong as previously thought. Since 1948, the city Fremingeym, Massachusetts, had inspected more than 5000 inhabitants. This study determined the relationship between the life expectancy of the parents and their children, only 6% of the participants had it.
There are still different views of the scientists. And what do you think?
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