Is it possible that people will be living on the Earth only by the end of the century? Musk reveals his plans for colonizing the Red Planet by more than one million people!
How to Colonize Mars? Is it possible in this century or we should wait for few more? According to the space discoverer, Elon Musk, Mars can be colonized by one million of people at the end of the century. It can be a weird sentence as it`s believed to be something out of the science fiction sphere. There are a huge number of factors and challenges to be faced with. Nevertheless, who could believe that less than century ago people stepped out of the cradle called the Earth to the deep space. Yuri Gagarin was the first man who started the journey of the humanity to the great emptiness and now his descendants dream about colonizing close planets.
READ ALSO: What is climate change? (Part IІ)
Elon Musk reveals…
Elon Musk has revealed the first rocket which can probably get people to Mars for colonizing the planet. The spaceship can also be used for transporting people to other destinations, like Enceladus and Europa. It can be shown as the first Interplanetary Transport System.
Is it big?
Elon Musk tries to make the biggest rocket in the history of humanity. The total length of the spaceship should be about 122 meters. If you desire to compare, then Saturn V constructed by Nasa is considered to be the tallest rocket by now with a total length of 111 meters. It should also be mentioned that Elon`s rocket will be powerful by three and half times.
Will it work?
According to Elon Musk plan, a spaceship should transport future pioneers to the Earth`s orbit, then at the orbit, it should be merged with another ship carried fuel. This fuel will be used for transporting a future colony to Mars. It should safely travel through an atmosphere of the Red Planet, then land on the surface with using thrusters. Then first people should make the first step on the surface and start colonizing. Nevertheless, the colonizing part is still under consideration as there is nothing particular in the minds of scientists. Still, the traveling from the Blue Planet to the Red Planet should take no more than 80 days.
Optimistic plans for launch
According to Musk, the first launch should optimistically be ready at 2024. Nevertheless, the whole project of colonizing the planet may take from forty to one hundred years. The practice launches with no man on board will begin in 2018. The first carrier to make a landing on Mars will be the Red Dragon. The first crew launch is planned on 2024. Therefore, the first human landing on Mars will be in 2025. Musk is pretty optimistic about the terms and success of the mission.
Who will be the pioneers?
According to Musk, anyone can participate in the mission. The first launch will take one hundred people. Musk plans to get 10 000 launches in one hundred years to get one million people on the Red Planet. The main mission of pioneers will be the saving and preserve human race. Musk understands that it will be challenging for the first people on Mars and he hopes that they will be able to walk through any obstacles. The preserving of the human race might be in the hands of the first Martians from Earth. It is still unbelievable that it can be possible to have Mars colonies in one hundred years.
Is this realistic to have Mars colonies in one hundred years? Musk with his company SpaceX may say that the plans are quite realistic. He started this company in 2002. It`s one of the biggest private launch operators for today.
Musk also revealed a prototype of future rocket engine “Raptor.” He also showed a fuel tanker for the future rocket. Nevertheless, many scientists are quite cynical about human capabilities of colonizing Mars in this century. There are reasons why people can`t do it right now.
Musk provided the information that it will be a lot of investments to the project. Moreover, most of the plans he showed are only on paper. For now, it`s just a dream and Musk does not neglect it.
The overall idea of launching the rocket in ten years is quite unrealistic. There are only prints and prototypes of parts of the rocket. The full spaceship has not been built yet. It should also be tested. There are no plans about the supporting of the Mars colony. Which will need much more discussing, then constructing the rocket? It is not appropriate to leave people for the doom on the Red Planet with no plan B. It also inappropriate to send them there on the dream rocket.
What is the price?
The current estimates suggest that a ticket to Mars will cost 10 billion dollars for one pioneer. Musk desires to lower the price to the 200 000 dollars. The total estimates for the project are unclear. It can be roughly said that the price for the spaceship to Mars will be more than 100 billion dollars.
Surviving on Mars
Musk did not explain how people would survive on Mars. There are problems with overall surviving on the Red Planet. Some people compare surviving on Mars with a discovery of America. Nevertheless, the overall surviving on Mars will be much more difficult with no resources to use, to air to breath and no water. What should people do on Mars? How can they build infrastructures on the dusty planet? What kind of equipment should they use on Mars? The answers are unclear. Honestly, people know nothing about surviving on Mars.
Nevertheless, it does not mean that we shouldn`t try. Colonizing of the Red Planet will be the first major step for humanity. It will be hard for the first travelers. Still, an opening of new horizons always includes potential danger, but when was the last time when it stopped people from discovering new things?
Resources to Use
According to the recent discoveries, there are a lot of water ice on the poles of Mars which can be used. The carbon dioxide in the atmosphere of the planet can also be useful for colonies. It is also certain that Mars was habitat once in his life circle. Scientists have only theories upon what happened with the Red Planet.
Is Musk Alone in his dreams?
He does not desire to be alone. He tries to find investors, partners, companies and governments to support his dream in a discovery of the space. He works with National Spice Agencies of USA and China. Some of the famous people also expressed their wish to participate in the project.
The main goal for Musk is creating a self-sufficient colony with millions of population on Mars. He also desires to terraform the Red Planet and make it more livable. Musk also desires to make it looked like the Earth. Still, he has no plans on how it is possible right now.
Life on Mars
The problem of the colonizing Mars lies within the idea of the impact on Mars. It`s still unclear if Mars has any kind of life or not. Nevertheless, according to the last discoveries, there are no signs of life on Mars, so Musk does not worry about that.
Will it happen?
It`s quite easy to be cynical about all what happens in the world. It was also quite unrealistic that people would be able to fly someday. Will the simple dream of one man become something unpredictable which can change the life of all humanity? The history knows examples of failed attempts of Mars exploration, like Mars one and Inspiration Mars.
Musk also started his entrepreneurship with no plans. He just opened SpaceX agency. Now he has technologies for interstellar traveling and building rockets.
He desires to create a science fiction rocket to transport people on Mars. Musk also asks for volunteers to discover and colonize Mars in this century. He has plans for multimillion colonies on Mars. Still, he has no support plan for this colonies.
Musk is no stranger to science fiction novels and plans to name one of the first ships as Heart of Gold. The science fiction may recognize the name of the ship from The Hitchhiker`s Guide To The Galaxy.
For the moment, many scientists agree that the overall plan for traveling to Mars can be only recognized as a wish list from Musk. He still does not have a tested and reliable rocket, plans for colonizing and enough money to support the project.
- READ ALSO: What is climate change? (Part I)