The largest country in terms of population among Muslim Countries is Indonesia. In many of these countries, according to statistics, Islam is professed almost by the entire population. What’s more, Islam is recognized as the official religion.
Currently, among the Muslim countries the processes of socio-economic and political differentiation have been designated. It highlights the group of countries of oil producing. "Rich countries" base its development on the enormous profit which is derived from the sale of oil. But living standards of the majority of Muslim countries are still low. In many of them there is an active development of market relations.
Muslim countries are playing an increasingly important role in contemporary international relations. The Muslim population of the world is growing rapidly, and it is believed, according to international experts, that by 2050 the number of Muslims will exceed the number of Christians in the world.
The Muslim world now is not only the traditional countries of the East, but also large communities around the world. What can be said more if even in London over a hundred mosques are opened, and the most popular name in the UK is Muhammad. Large Muslim communities exist in all countries of the world, something that could not make war, did globalization: that is why globalization has helped to spread Islam throughout the world. Here it is, the paradox: many centuries of European nations have fought with the Muslims, and now the number of believers in Germany, France and other more economically developed countries of the European Union is growing rapidly. And this is due to an active immigration and high demographic indicators of the Muslim people. Population growth peaked in 1962-1963, after that there was a slow decline.
The number of inhabitants of Iran has increased for 4 times. In Turkey, according to United Nations estimates, the number of inhabitants has grown even tripled, and in Afghanistan as much as 2.5 times!
Muslim countries are: Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan, Turkey, Bangladesh, Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Maldives, Bahrain, Iraq, Jordan, Yemen, Qatar, Kuwait, Lebanon, Palestine. Also among the Islamic countries the UAE, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Djibouti, Egypt, Comoros, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Algeria, Western Sahara, Mauritania, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia, Burkina Faso, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Chad.
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The Muslim East substantially was replenished at the expense by the Muslims of India, where, according to the 2001 census, their number is not less than 140 million people (13.4% of the population). There are different estimates of the number of Muslims in China. According to UN figures, their number reaches 20 million. However, there are higher grades - 60 or even 90 million! Also, you can not leave without attention and the Muslim population of Russia, if they used to say that the number of Muslims in Russia reaches 10-15 million, but now, as a rule, they put the number of 20-25 million. This is due to the turbulent demographic situation in the North Caucasus and an active inflow of labor from the countries of the Middle East. Even now, the Muslim civilization considers Russia as part of a global Muslim world.
There is an expert assessment below of what will be the Muslim countries and the Muslim community as a whole and which indicators will reach the Muslim population of the world by 2050. All the numbers in this table are should be taken into consideration as millions
Djibouti: 2010 - 0.9, in 2050 - 1.5.
Egypt: 2010 - 84.5, in 2050 - 129.
Comoros: 2010 - 0.7, to 2050 - 1.2.
Somalia: 2010 - 9.4, in 2050 - 23.5.
Sudan: 2010 - 43.2, in 2050 - 75.9.
Tanzania: 2010 - 45.0, in 2050 - 109.5.
Eritrea: 2010 - 5.2, in 2050 - 10.8.
Ethiopia: 2010 - 85.0, in 2050 - 173.8.
The Muslim demographics in North African countries deserves special attention.
Algeria: 2010 - 35.4, in 2050 - 49.6.
Western Sahara: 2010 - 0.5, in 2050 - 0.9.
Mauritania: 2010 - 3.4, in 2050 - 6.1.
Libya: 2010 - 6.5, in 2050 - 9.8.
Morocco: 2010 - 28.8, in 2050 - 42.6.
Tunisia: 2010 - 10.4, in 2050 - 12.7.
Also substantially the number of Muslims was replenished in the West and Central Africa. In the middle of the last century about 18% of the world population was accounted in this region. By 2000, this proportion rose to 22%. According to the UN medium variant projections, it only continues to increase and will be 26% in 2030 and 29% in 2050. Thus, for centuries the proportion of the population growth of countries and regions with an Islamic majority will grow to almost 30%.
It's also should be noted about Muslim countries which are located in the western part of Asia, from Turkey to Pakistan. In the middle of the last century the number of inhabitants in the region was approximately 133 million, but by the end of the century, it is expected to increase to 302 million people.
We can’t ignore the countries of South-West Asia. There is no clearly defined leader in the number of the Muslim population but this area is the heart of the Islamic world, which concentrates such sacred Muslim cities like Mecca and Medina.
In total, according to experts, the Muslim population of the world by 2050 will be more than 2,652,500,000 people. It is about 29% of the world's population. In comparison, in 1950, the number of believers does not exceed 17.5%. Muslim civilization is increasing as never before, but at the same time it is weak as never before: we should frankly recognize that the majority of Muslims in European and other Western countries are ethnic Muslims - many of them do not live under Sharia law, and some even reject the basic tenets of the Islamic faith.
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