According to the specialists, the oldest buildings in the world had appeared long before our era. The oldest buildings, that have survived, are amazing. The just grasp our imagination. Now let's find out which buildings are the oldest in the world.
The history of architecture is very ancient. During its existence thousands of bright and magnificent buildings were built and destroyed. Not many of the oldest buildings have survived. However, those masterpieces of architecture, which managed to preserve its original beauty, still impress with their majesty and power.
So, we invite you to switch to the list of top-10 oldest buildings in the world. All these buildings are masterpieces of craftsmanship and manual work of people of that era.
Temple of Queen Hatshepsut (Egypt)
This is the genius product of the ancient architecture. Today it is in excellent condition. This masterpiece is called Temple of Queen Hatshepsut. It is located in Egypt presumably in 1473 BC. Even now we can say that the architect who created the temple is a real a genius.
Mamertine prison (Rome)
Mamertine prison in Rome was erected near Capitol Hill in 578 BC. Saints Peter and Paul finished their lives in this jail. Mamertine prison is one of the oldest prisons on the planet.
Pyramid of Djoser in Saqqara (Egypt)
Pyramid of Djoser is one of the oldest buildings in the world that is still in use. It was built in 2650 BC in Egypt. The author of this marvelous building is the prominent architect Imhotep. It is the oldest pyramid in Egypt, and one of the oldest structures in the world. Its height is over 62 meters. Pyramid of Djoser in Saqqara is the oldest of the Egyptian pyramids.
Great Zimbabwe (Zimbabwe)
The ruined city, Great Zimbabwe, is one of the oldest structures in the world. The oldest and at the same time the largest building in the world is considered to be Big Zimbabwe located in the south-eastern hills of Zimbabwe near Lake Mutirikwe. This structure appeared in the eleventh century, it had a population of not less than eighteen thousand people.
Scientists do not still know for what reason Great Zimbabwe were abandoned in the fifteenth century. The height of the ancient ruins reaches eleven meters. All buildings are erected by drywall method – all granite slabs are stacked in rows. This is surprising, as the standard African materials of that period were wood and clay.
Treasury of Atreus (Greece)
This tomb was built in the period Bronze Age, more than 3260 years ago. For over a thousand years Treasury of Atreus had the highest and the widest dome in the world. But that was before the Pantheon had been constructed.
Skara Brae (Scotland)
Skara Brae settlement is dated back to the Neolithic period. It is situated on the Bay of Skaill on the west coast of Mainland. Ten houses were built on its territory in 2500 BC. It is really the oldest buildings in Europe. All the houses are well preserved, so scientists have a perfect opportunity to discover the way of life of ancient people. According to researchers` investigations, some houses were equipped quite good. For example, there was water supply, heating, and even covered walkways.
READ ALSO: Oldest cities in Nigeria, what are they?
This is a great ancient settlement near Lima in Peru. It was constructed more than 4600 years ago. Currently, Caral is considered to be the oldest city in South America.
Newgrange is the prehistoric monument. This great construction was erected 5100 years ago. It is also the oldest building in Ireland.
Knap of Howar (Scotland)
Initially, Knap of Howar was part of the estate. Today, this structure is considered to be the oldest stone house in Europe. Knap of Howar was built about 5500 years ago. The farmstead consists of two neighboring round rectangular thick-walled buildings. They have pretty small doorways which face the sea. The older and the larger structures are pared by a small passageway to the other building, which has been interpreted as the second house`s workshop.
Megalithic Temples of Malta (Malta)
These buildings have been used as a religious temple. They are the oldest free-standing structures on the planet. Megalithic Temples were built over 5,500 years ago. Archaeologists consider that these megalithic complexes are the consequence of neighboring innovations in Cultural Revolution process. As a result, several temples of the Ġgantija phase (3600–3000 BC were built. It was actively used until 25400 BC. After this date, this great temple construction culture vanished.
- READ ALSO: What are Dubai's tallest buildings?