WHO is one of the names you have heard and would want to know what it actually means.
WHO (World Health Organization) – is an international institution, part of United Nations Organization. Its main initiative is to improve and coordinate actions of health care and protection system institutions in countries, which are members of UN, on an international level.
The process of creation of World Health Organization began back in 1830, when epidemic cholera captured most countries of Europe. A huge damage, caused by this disease, urged European states to take action. First attempt to create a general international organization for health care and protection happened during the first medical conference, which was organized aiming to create an international medical convention. But this attempt failed.
There were several attempts during the following century. And finally, after a long and difficult process, on April 7th 1948, 26 nations signed the World Health Organization regulations, which meant that WHO was officially created.
The main goal of World Health Organization is to form a healthy lifestyle and improve health condition of humanity in general.
WHO main functions:
- Enunciates principles and strategic directions of health care policies, based on legislative and ethical standard
- Coordinates issues that are vital to provide global society health
- Takes part in creation and development of cooperation and partnership between countries to jointly take different kinds of necessary actions
- Schedules all major scientific researches in medicine, spreads all valuable results of scientific and practical surveys, takes action to introduce them into practice of health care and protection
- Assists in introduction and implementation of standards, monitors thorough execution of all rulings
- Technically supports and stimulates all actions, aimed at reforming health systems of different nations, in order to form a strong institutional potential
- Monitors epidemic situation in countries of the world, evaluates the results of this monitoring.
Main principles of World Health Organization
World Health Organization regulations were ratified in New York (USA) in 1946 and according to them health means total physical and psychological social wellbeing, not just lack of disease or physical illness. Every member of human society has the right for the highest level of health, regardless of race, political or religious beliefs, social and economic status. Every nation’s health is a key factor to reach absolute global peace.
Also the document says that efforts of each and every nation in terms of health care and protection are valuable for all people. Likely, poor level of single country’s health care system and its insufficient actions in the field of fighting diseases threaten everyone on the planet. First and foremost initiative is to provide everything necessary for healthy and balanced growing up for every child.
WHO regulation documents state that to achieve the highest level of health, every nation should be provided an opportunity to use all achievements and discoveries in medicine and correlating sciences. Another vital point is to reach high level of societies’ health education and easy access to any necessary information. Every country is in charge of people’s health and is obliged to hold health care measures and all kinds of necessary social actions.
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