When your girls get tender and don't-touch-me sore, yes, it's annoying, but it's generally no cause for concern. What is the reason for the boobs feel heavy and sore? Find the answer here.
Premenstrual breast is swelling. And tenderness is a common concern among women.
The symptom is part of a group of symptoms called premenstrual syndrome, or PMS. Premenstrual breast is swelling. And tenderness can also be a sign of fibrocystic breast disease. Fibrocystic breast disease is a term used to describe painful, lumpy breasts before the menstrual period.
Boobs feel sore
Women with this condition often notice large, benign (noncancerous) lumps in their breasts before their monthly periods. These pieces may move when pushed on, and typically shrink once your period has ended.
PMS-related breast soreness can range in severity. Symptoms often peak just before menstruation begins, then fade during or immediately following a menstrual period. Most of the time, the symptoms are more of an annoyance than a serious medical concern. Nonetheless, whenever you are worried about changes in your breasts, consult your doctor.
Fluctuating hormone levels account for most episodes of premenstrual breast swelling and tenderness. Your hormones rise and fall during a normal menstrual cycle. The exact timing of the hormonal changes varies for each woman. Estrogen causes the breast ducts to enlarge. Progesterone production causes the milk glands to swell. Both of these events can cause your breasts to feel sore.
Boobs feel heavy and sore
Estrogen and progesterone both increase during the second half of the cycle — days 14 to 28 in a “typical” 28-day cycle. Estrogen peaks in the middle of the cycle, while progesterone levels rise during the week before menstruation.
Medications that contain estrogen can also cause breast changes such as tenderness and swelling.
Symptoms of Premenstrual Breast Swelling and Tenderness
Tenderness and heaviness in both breasts are the main symptoms of premenstrual pain and swelling. A dull aching in the breasts can also be a problem for some women. Your breast tissue could feel dense or coarse to the touch. Symptoms tend to appear the week before your period and disappear almost immediately when menstrual bleeding begins. Most women do not experience severe pain.
In some cases, breast tenderness affects the everyday routines of some women of childbearing age and is not necessarily connected to the menstrual cycle.
Due to the natural change in hormone levels that occur as a woman ages, premenstrual breast swelling and tenderness usually improves as menopause approaches.
When to Call a Doctor
Sudden or worrisome breast changes should be discussed with your doctor. While most premenstrual breast pain and swelling is harmless, these symptoms could be warning signs of infection or other medical conditions. Contact your health provider if you notice:
the discharge from the nipple, especially if the discharge is brown or bloody,
breast pain that interferes with your ability to sleep or perform daily tasks,
unilateral lumps, or bumps that occur only in one breast.
Your doctor will perform a physical examination, including a breast exam, and will ask for more information about your symptoms. Your doctor may ask the following questions:
Have you noticed any discharge from the nipple?
What other symptoms (if any) are you experiencing?
Does breast pain and tenderness occur with each menstrual period?
During a breast exam, your doctor will feel for any lumps and will take notes about the physical qualities of the pieces. If asked, your doctor can also show you how to correctly perform a self-breast exam.
If your doctor detects any abnormal changes, they may perform a mammogram (or an ultrasound if you are under age 35). A mammogram uses X-ray imaging to view the inside of the breast. During this test, the breast is placed between an X-ray plate and a plastic plate and compressed, or flattened, to create a clear image. This test may cause temporary discomfort or a pinching sensation. In some cases, a biopsy (tissue sample from the breast lump) may be necessary if pieces appear to be malignant (cancerous).
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