November 27, 2005, happened incredibly - Dinoire Isabelle in France Became the first person in the world who had first face transplant instead a part of the face. What's next? Find out right now. There are photos which contain operation for the face transplant - before and after - not for the faint-hearted.
November 27, 2005, Francian Dinoire Isabelle became the first person in the world who had first face transplant instead a part of the face. She transplanted a large part of the face, including the chin, mouth and nose. The operation was conducted seven months after a beloved Labrador Retriever, it name is Tanya, bitten a woman trying to wake the owner Dinoire drank a lot of sleeping pills deliberately. Skin and facial muscles of the donor from Lille, which died from refusing the brain, used for transplantation
"The hardest thing is re-find yourself, the person I was before, but I know that this is impossible." - said 45-year-old Dinuar, mother of two children from the north of France.
"When I look in the mirror, I see my face and the face transplant of the donor. The donor is always with me. She saved my life."
Her face had a thin scar extending from the nose along the cheeks to the chin. It is a trace of 15-hour operation, which resulted in surgeons from the hospital of the University of Amiens in northern France transplanted facial tissue and muscles, as well as the arteries and veins, taken from the donor.
About situation, she told with shocking ease. In an interview, she admitted, in May 2005, she tried to kill herself by taking many sleeping pills. Her home-Labrador dog found her and trying to bring into the consciousness, and her face disfigured. When she regained consciousness, she saw lying in a pool of blood, and beside her Labrador sitting.
Dinuar was very upset when her Labrador euthanized in 2005.
"I didn't realize that it was my face, and it was my blood, and my dog has spoiled my face."- said Isabel
Her nose, chin, and mouth were so damaged that doctors immediately ruled out the possibility of a conventional plastic reconstruction. Instead, they offered to host the first face transplant operation in the world.
"When I first saw myself in the mirror after the surgery, I realized that this is a victory. I did not look excellent because his face was bandaged, but I had a nose and my mouth - it was wonderful - stated Isabel. Nurses' eyes said that the operation was successful." – added Dinuar
After tracheotomy, required for the operation, she could not speak, but managed to whisper "thank you."
According to Professor Sylvie Testelen, one of the surgeons who operated Dinuar, not all patients with severe injuries face offer transplants. After the surgery, the woman was able to lead a relatively normal life: to eat on her own, with time even began to feel new lips, nose, and mouth.
In 2005, doctors were not sure what effect would a cocktail of drugs which suppressing the immune system of the patient's health. These medications the patient will have to take up to the end of life to prevent rejection.
In his memoirs, "Kiss Isabel» (Isabelle's Kiss) woman describes how doctors then long taught her to eat, speak and smile normally. After the operation, history a woman with a new face for the first time brought to the press conference in February 2006.
She suffered from depression. She said she is always thinking about the dead woman whose face was transplanted. After surgery, she tried to find on the internet at least some information about the anonymous donor whose name Dinuar have never known according to French law.
"When I'm depressed, I look at myself in the mirror and think about my donor. And I tell myself that I have no right to give up. It gives me hope. "- added Dinuar
For several years, doctors have observed the condition of the transplanted skin: crosslinked blood vessels, vascular inserts, sewn in blood flow and vascular common skin engraftment.
Unfortunately, this story is not destined to be happy as it seemed at first. Professor Testelen noted the patient might have to accept the fact that her body will reject the donor tissue in the future. Sadly, but it’s happened.
Last winter, Isabel began to feel graft rejection, and she lost partially the ability to move her lips. As a result of face transplant rejection, Dinuar somewhat lost the capacity to move his lips. After the second operation, the patient developed two malignant tumors. The woman died on April 22, 2016. Amiens Hospital said about her death late to protect the relatives of a woman of the annoying attention of the press. Isabelle Dinuar died 11 years after the transplant made her face. Probably Dinuar died of cancer but the doctors did not give the exact cause of mortality.
The operation to transplanting faces has a very high risk till recently. However, from 2005 to 2014 in the world conducted 28 operations for full or partial face transplant.