Who is a citizen? What are his rights and duites? Read this article and find out more!
There are a lot of people in our country. Some of them are born here and some moved here for some purpose; but who is a citizen of a country?
There can be different reasons for people to change their placement, such as a desire to get a good education, marriage or dissatisfaction with the level of live in their own countries. Such people can be both the representatives of a foreign citizenship and stateless persons.
In general, the concept of "citizen" can be explained in very different ways. So let’s define who a citizen is.
What is a citizenship and who is a citizen of a state?
Generally the true citizen is a patriot who really loves his country, is actively involved in its life and its development. He is proud of the achievements of the state, knows its the history and appreciates it, helps the people around him.
Such a person is required to go to the army, will regularly pay taxes and do other duties assigned to him by the law. In other words, a true citizen is the one who doesn’t put his interests above the society. He is also the one who is really able to improve the state and the society.
In addition, he wants to build a better future for people and he is trying to do it by all means.
Who is a citizen of Nigeria in political and legislative terms?
Citizenship not only gives a person a fairly wide range of rights, but also imposes certain duties, such as: knowing the Constitution and other laws, protecting the Fatherland, paying the set of taxes and fees on time.
In return, the state provides a citizen with a defence. This protection also applies when a person is in a foreign country.
You can see a lot of examples in the movies, when the protagonist is trying to escape from the villains and he is trying to get to the embassy or consulate of his country. And believe it or not but you get protection on the territory of the embassy of your country even if you are abroad.
How can you get a citizenship?
Usually the states decide if you deserve to get a citizenship. Generally there are a lot of things you have to do in order to have this right. The most common reason to become a citizen is a birth on the territory of the state.
By the way, sometimes a child born on the territory of a state, is automatically accepted as a citizen of the country where his parents come from.
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You can also change your citizenship, which is carried out in compliance with statutory conditions. For example, you have to live on the territory of the state for a certain period of time; you have to have enough money to support yourself.
The restoration of the citizenship of those who have had it before happens when the borders of the state change.
Other residents of the State
Foreign citizens are people who are not in a relationship with the state where they currently are: no matter if they are permanently residing or temporarily staying. Persons without citizenship or stateless people are those who don’t have the legal nationality or the citizenship of any country.
The law-abiding citizen
The law-abiding citizen is a person who strictly follows the laws of the State. He voluntarily complies with all requirements of the law and he does it willingly, not because he is scared of the negative consequences.
Such a person is absolutely aware of the importance and the value of the rule of law.
Moreover, he is sure that they are necessary to follow no matter what. Another important aspect of the law-abiding behaviour is being social. Citizen understands that if he does all the things right, it benefits the society. And what it is good for society is good for him.
Therefore, a law-abiding citizen is a person who has a well-developed sense of justice, as well as the idea that the way of following the rule of law in everyday life will lead to a better development of the state and the society which he belongs to.
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