What is rule of the law and how Buhari is connected to it? Get the answer and pass your Jamb exam.
What do you know about Nigerian politics and its significant figures? Are they honest? Do they respect the law? Today we'll talk about the current Nigerian president – Muhammadu Buhari and the cases connected with him.
What is rule of law?
Let’s find out the key things about the term to understand it better, especially because you can get this question at your JAMB examination. Rule of law is fundamental legal principle. It means that the entire nation must be governed only by it and not by decisions of any individuals in power. Authority of law is primary within society and it mostly concerns people’s behavior, including the one of the officials.
It first was created as opposed to divine rights of the kings. It was intended to make people equal. Nevertheless, the issue was already known during the ancient times. It was mentioned in Aristotle's works. He was the one, who said Law should govern.
What does rule of law mean?
Nowadays all the people (including the plain ones and the lawmakers) are subject to the law. This principle stands in contrast with such form of power as autocracy, dictatorship, and oligarchy (the rulers there are above law). Even being a democratic feature, the lack of the rule of law is often found in democratic societies. It happens because of its neglect or ignorance. Besides, sometimes the government isn't able to provide sufficient and effective corrective mechanisms to restore it.
There exist several universal principles of the issue:
- The government, its agents and officials, individuals and private entities are subject to the law.
- All the laws are clear, understandable, publicized, just, and stable. They are applied evenly and they protect the basic rights, including property and security.
- Process, which enacts, administers and enforces laws, is accessible, honest and efficient.
- Justice is directed and controlled by ethical, competent, independent representatives and the neutrals, who have adequate resources and who reflect the makeup of the communities, which they serve.
How does the rule of law change a society?
Now when you know the answer What is rule of law definition?, we can pass on to its influence on society. In fact, rule of law principle changes it completely. Let’s consider key factors:
- It ensures people their rights are preserved.
- It defines the obligations and duties for citizens and authorities.
- It makes all people equal.
- No divine rights of the rulers exist anymore.
- Obedience of law's secured by sanctions.
- It helps to build a democratic society.
Unfortunately, it often happens, the rule of law is disobeyed. It leads to the breaches in democracy.
Nigerian issue. President Buhari
President Buhari was called for the obedience to rule of law. J.P. Ebenezer is one of lawyers, who has asked Federal Government to respect it. The situation happened after the second arrest of Biafra Radio director – Nnamdi Kanu, as well as National Security Adviser of the former President – G. Jonathan, Sambo Dasuki. The arrest was carried out in spite of subsisting bail. And it was completely against the existing rule of law.
Another lawyer, Femi Falana (who is Senior Advocate of Nigeria) also expressed negative reaction towards the event. All of them claim the bail order must be respected. Nevertheless, it seems that M. Buhari is not ready to obey the law at all. Critics consider that it might finally lead to anarchy and indiscipline.
We may only guess how this situation will develop. However, everyone understands that the rule of law must be observed by all people in Nigeria. Otherwise, everything may come out of control and the key principle of democracy will be broken.