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Does President Buhari break the Rule of Law?

What is rule of the law and how Buhari is connected to it? Get the answer and pass your Jamb exam.

What do you know about Nigerian politics and its significant figures? Are they honest? Do they respect the law? Today we'll talk about the current Nigerian president – Muhammadu Buhari and the cases connected with him.

tBuhari break the Rule of Law

What is rule of law?

Let’s find out the key things about the term to understand it better, especially because you can get this question at your JAMB examination. Rule of law is fundamental legal principle. It means that the entire nation must be governed only by it and not by decisions of any individuals in power. Authority of law is primary within society and it mostly concerns people’s behavior, including the one of the officials.

What is rule of law

It first was created as opposed to divine rights of the kings. It was intended to make people equal. Nevertheless, the issue was already known during the ancient times. It was mentioned in Aristotle's works. He was the one, who said Law should govern.

What does rule of law mean?

Nowadays all the people (including the plain ones and the lawmakers) are subject to the law. This principle stands in contrast with such form of power as autocracy, dictatorship, and oligarchy (the rulers there are above law). Even being a democratic feature, the lack of the rule of law is often found in democratic societies. It happens because of its neglect or ignorance. Besides, sometimes the government isn't able to provide sufficient and effective corrective mechanisms to restore it.

What does rule of law mean

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There exist several universal principles of the issue:

  • The government, its agents and officials, individuals and private entities are subject to the law.
  • All the laws are clear, understandable, publicized, just, and stable. They are applied evenly and they protect the basic rights, including property and security.
  • Process, which enacts, administers and enforces laws, is accessible, honest and efficient.
  • Justice is directed and controlled by ethical, competent, independent representatives and the neutrals, who have adequate resources and who reflect the makeup of the communities, which they serve.

How does the rule of law change a society?

Now when you know the answer What is rule of law definition?, we can pass on to its influence on society. In fact, rule of law principle changes it completely. Let’s consider key factors:

rule of law change a society

  • It ensures people their rights are preserved.
  • It defines the obligations and duties for citizens and authorities.
  • It makes all people equal.
  • No divine rights of the rulers exist anymore.
  • Obedience of law's secured by sanctions.
  • It helps to build a democratic society.

Unfortunately, it often happens, the rule of law is disobeyed. It leads to the breaches in democracy.

President Buhari and Rule of Law

Nigerian issue. President Buhari

President Buhari was called for the obedience to rule of law. J.P. Ebenezer is one of lawyers, who has asked Federal Government to respect it. The situation happened after the second arrest of Biafra Radio director – Nnamdi Kanu, as well as National Security Adviser of the former President – G. Jonathan, Sambo Dasuki. The arrest was carried out in spite of subsisting bail. And it was completely against the existing rule of law.

Nigerian issue, President Buhari

Another lawyer, Femi Falana (who is Senior Advocate of Nigeria) also expressed negative reaction towards the event. All of them claim the bail order must be respected. Nevertheless, it seems that M. Buhari is not ready to obey the law at all. Critics consider that it might finally lead to anarchy and indiscipline.

We may only guess how this situation will develop. However, everyone understands that the rule of law must be observed by all people in Nigeria. Otherwise, everything may come out of control and the key principle of democracy will be broken.

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Expert
1 comments

The identity of the new President of Nigeria very colorful. In 80-ies he made a coup, deposing a democratically elected President, but after half a year he was removed from his post after the coup d'état of General Ibrahim Babangida. It was not the first coup, in which participated M. Bukhari: his first coup he committed in 1966, when together with other generals overthrew a military dictatorship A. Ironsi. Unprecedented was the statement of the ICC Prosecutor F. Bensouda before the voting day in Nigeria, when she "warned" that her office "will closely monitor the election."

Within the meaning of that statement, it had to convince Nigerians that after the accession to the Statute of the ICC, Nigeria is no longer a sovereign state, while the jurisdiction of the International criminal court is complementary, that is additional, on the national jurisdiction of member States.

The government of Nigeria, as the program of General muhammadu Buhari, will face in foreign policy with a very difficult task. Perhaps the Nigerian leadership will be able to facilitate their solution in the framework of "special relations" with the countries of the BRICS group, which represents the prototype of a new, alternative system of international relations.

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Student
Answered 10 months ago.
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