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What In Your View Is The Immediate Problem The Federal and State Governments Should Tackle First?

It’s a gradual process in order to make Nigeria greater. What in your view the federal, state and local government should focus on? Post comment or cast your vote on my blog. Thanks!

Unemployment

Uninterrupting Power Supply

Corruption

Education Unrest

Social Amenities (Roads, Water)

Pollution

Industries / Currency Regulations

Injustice

Agriculture

Communication

Oil/ Petroleum Challenges

Spending and deficit

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88 answers

It is not correct to state that the problem of inadequate power supply is caused by politicians embezzling money.   

The main problem of the parastatal responsible for suppying electricity in Nigeria(ECN, NEPA,PHCN)  has been and still is management.

The original goals of NEPA for instance were that it should develop and maintain an efficient, coordinated and economical system of electricity supply in all parts of Nigeria. Have management been able to achieve these goals? What are the issues that have prevented them from achieving these objectives? The management issues we are talking about here include coordination, utilisation of capacity,capital budgeting, billing and collection systems and security.

Coordination

Anybody that has resided in urban areas in the country for any length of time would notice that there is reckless development of towns and cities which cause grave probems at the disribution and consumption stage of electricity supply systems. We are talking about things like the establishment of cottage and small lindustries in predominantly residential areas. Clearly this causes transformers and cables to overload and eventually damage, all as a result of lack of ccoordination, as between NEPA officials and the local town planning authorities.

Capacity utilisation

To ensure that electricity is generated at the optimal level clearly there has to be proper maintenance which depends on  adequate supply of spare parts and skilled technical personnel. This has not aalways been the case as a result of foreign exchange limitations, and inadequate training capacity of the polytecnics and technical schools.

There is also the fact, for obvious climatic reasons, that the hydroelectric plants at Jebba, Shiroro and Kainji only operate efficiently during the rainy season, with low capacity during the dry season.

Capital budgeting.

Clearly the growth in electricity demand due to rapid growth of population  and industrialisation in recent years could only have been met if there were adequate provisions for the construction of more generatinng systems in previous developmental plans. This has not been so for a variety of reasons the most important of which is the narrowness of the Federal Governments revenue base due to over-dependence on oil.

Currently capacity is a meagre 4800 megawatts with a population of 150 million whereas South Africa generates 23000 megawatts with a population of 45,000 million.

Billing and collection

The PHCN has issues balancing its recurrent budget due to large debts owed them by large government organisations.

Asset security

There has been the recurring issue of misguided individuals who tamper with, vandalize, and steal PHCN equipnent like cables and transformers, The consequence of this is more bottlenecks at the distribution and consumption stages of electricity supply.

So in a nutshell, and contrary to what some may think, the challenges of electricity supply in Nigeria are best handled by the dismantling of the current Federal Government monopoly and regulation system, and the opening up of the sector to private company and individual state participation.

It has gone far beyond the issue of the FGN just pumping in more money or even prosecuting embezzlers.

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The FG does not need to handle the power Issue. Reason is that there is a Army of companies and accomplices that are there ready to strike when money is released by the FG.

The FG would hands off states so that state would provide there own power.

You see the state Governor are having a field day what they are doing now is JUST waiting for money from the FEDERAL GOVERNMENT atleast most of them. so what you need is to immediately reverse the whole game.

You (state Government) Do the work and I(Federal) collect my tax.

Know this the Elite are the ones that put your Governors there and because there is money that comes from the federal government the elite are first settle before you or I see anything.

So if you reverse the trend this is what will happen the elite would still support but they will have to work to get money from the state and no more from the centre federal government.

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If this request goes to the cleaners on the senate floor; How do the FG source for fund to build a more reliable power supply system?

My radial indicates uninterrupt power supply as the most pressing issue.

Do you agree with other contributors ? if not, please share what you think.

Your voice will be heard this time.

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THE FIRST THING THE FG AND SGs SHOULD TACKLE IS THEMSELVES, LETS FACE IT , THE POLITICAL CLASS IS NIAJAS BIGGEST PROBLEM NOT NEPA. BAD LEADERSHIP IS THE REASON NEPA IS NOT WORKING , THE REASON NOTHING ELSE IS WORKING IN THE COUNTRY, THE REASON FOR ALL THE INSECURITY, AND ALL THE MADNESS GOING ON IN THE COUNTRY.

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Justice system

Fix justice system and things will run smoothly

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nothing will work , no sector will work as long as NEPA is still as crazy as those who are ruling, untill they light up the nation there will be no tangible progress ! 'let there be light' and any other thing can follow.

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Nigerian government should tackle itself first. Preferably a two foot sliding challenge.

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Nigeria hasn't been surviving Corruption cause if they did then there would be a better economy, 24/7 Light,better health care, Education, and NO MILITANTS !!!!!

Nigerians back home dont know how bad of a state Nigeria is in. In England and America everyone is saying its a recession, but they are just alarming to make a big deal before it gets worse. But Nigeria has been in a Economic Depression for the last 30 years and fail to realize the gravity of it until they live abroad.

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Bleep me! I never knew bollocks takes this long to write.

No doubt, I am right that you are one of the dumbest 5 people in NL.

Continue posting waves of brain-farts.

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If one wishes to know what the moral values and knowledge values of a neighborhood, nationhood, or human race will be many years from now, all he or she has to do to accurately predict it for years to come is check out the mental, spiritual, and physical conditions of THE FEMALES of the neighborhood, nationhood, or ethic race, and whatever the condition of the females is, will be the condition of the people for many years yet to come, unless there is a major change by political revolution in the nation that makes changes for the better immediately or there be an education revolution for the better, where all the people get taught what they need to know for survival, longer life, and better living which includes sufficient work and jobs for livelihood.

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Because there are less than 800 legislators and there are 400,000 policemen. Even if the legislators become volunteers, we will still not be able to afford it.

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If the jagudas in Abuja, Asaba, Port-Harcourt, Enugu, Ibadan, Minna, etc. stop stealing our wealth, we sure can afford it!

We pay greedy fat fools called senators millions of Naira every month, why can't we pay our policemen N100k per month?

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we are suviving curruption for decades,with enough power supply curruption is just a pintch TO Nigerian problems.i MEAN POWER SUPPLY.

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It is simply the Nigeria Police Force. That is one institution that comes under the purview of the Federal Government and whose performance at least from independence has been unsatisfactory. If the police force is reformed and performs adequately then the primary purpose of Government which is to uphold law and order can be attained.

Lets look at some the other issues mentioned:-

Employment It really is up to graduates and school leavers to become more creative and consider creating business/ employment opportunities for themselves.

Resource control. Which resources are we talking about here since oil accounts for 85% of foreign exchange earnings? 

Utilities. These are best dealt with by deregulation and privatisation not by the FGN pumping more money into failed systems.

Constitution. Clearly Nigeria's problem is not its constitution so we don't need to convene another conference to frame a new one. Any perceived inadequacies therein are best addressed by the national assembly whilst taking cognisance of the pressures on legislative time.

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You mean power supply? If yes, it is not omitted. Check item 2 on the list- uninterrupted power supply.

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Looking t the highlighted, you've agreed that corruption is the bane of our backwardness. I know corruption can not be 100% eliminated but it can be reduced to the barest minimum, where those who misapply anything (money,power, leadership) will be conscious that the law could catch up with them. The way it is today, there is no fear while misapplying anything because the wrong doer is confident that his godfather will support him or he could use his stolen wealth to make a way for himself. If you observe well, it is the rich/those in power that are more corrupt. The ordinary citizens are only trying to survive because those in power have denied them their right ; and moreover, the ordinary citizen is more conscious of repercusions of the law than our so- called leaders. Therefore, corruption is the monster that must be dealt with first, if we must progress.

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The only way corruption can be solved is by empowering the populace, and the only way the populace can be empowered is by ensuring that they're employed. And this' assuming that the question posted truely has a solution, all things being equal. In essence if Yar'Adua was to ask this question, this is the answer I would provide him - because he already knows there's corruption in all sectors of Nigerian economy. When the average Nigerian can support his family, he/she will more than likely be more progressive and seek a better Nigeria. But if he's forced to be a hussler - he'll be just that, anything goes. As human beings we all have some moral compass that allows us to do that which is right.

So a prosprous Nigeria is a Nigeria that re-invest in the development of the country, not just in Abuja and Lagos. Lagos today is the only true business heart of the Nation, but Lagos can not care for the rest of the country - everyone can not live and work in Lagos. That which works in Lagos needs to be spread accross the nation.

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power sector is the first.And how do we go about it? lets pursue vigorosly the NIPP projects initiated by obasanjo.

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How will Nigeria take shape from just having elecricity? How does electricity help us stop corruption? How does electricity help us to get competent public officials due to fraudulent elections?

The aim of this thread is to find what is best addressed to help the nation, not just you.

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Im suprised corruption should be no1, power supply not being serviced is due to the money the corrupt loot instead of power supply.!!!

Just shows Nigerians aren't ready for change, unless its electricity- selfishness again lol

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I'd say the mother of all which is electricity, if we can get 24hrs uninterrupted power supply Nigeria will automatically take shape. Individuals will be able to help themselves out with small business. I personally have loads of business ideas, but they are all connected to electricity which is making me put my plans on transfer to the future when electricity will be stable.

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Whether you feel it is perfect or not, it is minor and workable. It is not our major problem and what is stopping us from progressing.

Get a grip.

What fake allegations? Balogun? Alams? Odili? Igbinedion? Bode Goerge? Dariye? Ahmed Sani? Audu? Chimaroke Nnamani? Boni Haruna? James Ibori?

So they are all opponents of OBJ?

Corrupt crooks are screaming discrimination and you are supporting them.

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@sagamite, I beg to disagree with these:

A lot is wrong with it. It is more a Unitary constitution than a Federal constitution. We need to have a True Federal republic.

I'm afraid that we will just have 1000 more political tools to stop prominent political opposition candidates cooking up fake allegation if need be and clearing their masters' candidates no matter how corrupt.

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No doubt it is the law enforcement process.

If you have a police force that is efficient and effective, a robust judicial process and highly punitive prisons or laws then you are solving a foundation problem that will reverberate across all aspects of problems.

If we had a police force that can arrest anybody (president, godfathers, chief of army), that is not corrupt and knows the law, and a judiciary that is speedy (does not delay justice), and harsh punishments for convicts (death sentence for corruption above a certain amount e.g. £100K) and a jail you do not want to go to then:

- Corruption would decrease

- Electricity would be generated as corruption is less

- Employment improves as electricity improves industrialisation

- Security improves as crime is subdued due to employment opportunities

- FDI increases as risk diminishes due to better security environment

- Infrastructure and education improves as they are correlated with vibrant econnomy which is correlated with FDI and good policy.

There is nothing much wrong with the current constitution.

Deal with the Police and Judicial system.

Have about one thousand Ribadus spread across the country and see how corruption would be subdued.

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Before addressing anything, I think the very basis of Nigeria should be addressed.

For most thinking Nigerians, it's easy to see that the root of all our problems lie in the fact that the people of Nigeria are not together by choice, and should not be together at all, honestly speaking.

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Hellow everyone, just wanted to add that Nigeria could be greater than it already is. Please visit http://nigeria-news1.blogspot.com/

to find out more,

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It's a given. If there is little to no corruption in this world, every country would be in pretty good shape. Addressing corruption is an obvious first step.

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Very apt definition.

Nigeria can only see the light if the root cause of her problems, which is corruption, is given priority treatment. Instilling in all citizens the consciousness to doing the right thing in all aspects of our lives will get us out of the dark.

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Nigeria is a country established by God with great natural resources, conquered by British, gained independence in 1960 but still in the dark looking for the right switch to turn on the light.

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Education in Nigerians schools is important too. Whether terrorism has its roots in leftist doctrine or in religious doctrine in Nigeria, they are all spawned in schools and colleges. That's where the children and the youth start reflecting what is right and what is wrong; which, in turn, leads to deliberation as to what they should do to put the entire Nigeria right. A multi-tribal and multi-faith open-mindedness can come from education alone. Even if a small part of Nigeria is left ignorant on this level, the country will still not be a safe place. So all the big thinkers and good minds in society today must ponder on a holistic, healthy education that will help us retain the virtues and values which we are all naturally endowed with. Together, we must help spread the significance of human values, broadmindedness and warm hearts; that should be our goal while bringing up our children.

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All Out Infrastructure Build Out – Will Create Jobs! Jobs!! Jobs!!!

• Electricity – will ensure survivability of businesses, and provide added revenue for the government

• Roads – immediate boost for commerce

• Railways – North-South; East-West; a more efficient means of transporting goods to/from market centers.

• Robust Internet Infrastructure – Gold mine for foreign outsource ventures. Today India is at the forefront of outsourced services from the US and other developed countries. The internet is the stable for the digital age, Education, Invention, eCommerce, eBanking – young bright minds would not have to leave the Nigerian shores, thereby reducing the brain drain.

• Security – to ensure foreign investment. If there are jobs for young people this will be a very small part.

• Investment in Education – prepare Nigerian young people to be significant in the global economy.

• Move towards total resource control – by reinvesting in other non-oil potential revenue streams.

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Have you given a thought to the fact that corruption has not allowed all of the above to be possible? Think about that.

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I can see from the polls above that corruption and power supply are running shoulder to shoulder as the desired problems to be solved immediately. I still hold we take on CORRUPTION as number one for elimination, else we will continue to pump huge amount in that waste pipe called PHCN (Please Hold Candle Now).

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power supply is the most important problem we have in Nigeria, without it few businesses will want to invest in Nigeria. I personally will like to set up a factory in Nigeria but the erratic power supply is a problem. Yes we are corrupt but some things still get done. Telecommunication was as bad as power but the problem was solved. If the present president can solve the power problem, Nigerian economy will grow and unemployment will be reduced by miles. The so called corrupt Obansanjo was able to do it with telecom, so we know it can be done regardless of corruption. The country needs electricity to create employment, without it most industries and businesses can`t survive. Hence the reason 4 the high unemployment.

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Mistake. I edited my original post because i wrote it when i was sleepy. Corruption is obviously first because no matter what plans a govt wants to execute, if they are corrupt they wont be able to execute it,

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politicians to be paid more?

Who suggested that? you think they are underpaid as it is?

Common, what is the salary of this people, i think they are making way too much that necessary.

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@topic,

if corruption is tackled in nigeria, it means all our problems are gone. in this case, tackling corruption means silving all our problems the same time which will be a generational miracle.

since it will be difficult to solve all our problems the same time, i choose power supply.

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Why should politician be paid more in the future? Are they underpaid now to do there Job? They know the wage before hand, accepts the wage after election, I think they should do the Job. They are there to serve the people. If any is found being corrupt , he/she should be prosecuted by law.

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You are very right, however, like someone once mentioned, Corruption in Nigerian cant be eliminated, but can be reduced, after which, i dont agree with unemployment as the first issue to be dealt with, cos how will companies be able to hire people, when they are using.spending money that could have hired people on buying gas into their generator, so i so much blv that Electricity is so important. Take a manufacturing plant for example, do that math of how much it cost them to run the plant in one month and see if that wont be more than enuf to hire an employee in that plant.

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Why do people like tackling isuues from the top instead of the root. There's no way there will be employment for the poor if the system is corrupt. They will keep giving every avalaible space to their relations.

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Unemployment, but 1st step, we need a government that is not corrupt because If Nigeria has U.S.A's GDP tomorrow, the people would still suffer cos the govt would steal the money. There is no reason we shouldn't have our own refineries. The govt should also give more disbursement to oil producing states. Disbursement should be given to states based on how much they financially contribute to the country. Secondly, we need to invest in other cash crops (Agriculture) and also look for ways to increase our exports. This increases our GDP and also creates jobs. An increased GDP should gradually address our deficit as long as we have responsible govt. Increased revenue would create funds to improve transportation. Think about how much money Nigerians waste going to work and coming home? Time is money. If transportation was better, the time spent on the road would be spend making money. Power isn't an immediate priority because business can still thrive with Power. Several 3rd world countries have better power supply than Nigeria. The reason Nigeria has poor power supply is because of corruption.  Then we should address education, amenities, and health care. When the economy gets better then we can address currency/industry regulation.

Human rights takes a while. When most of the masses(lower and to an extent mid class) are educated then we can address human rights.

Pollution is a luxury that only developed countries can effectively address.

Communication is something private entities can address.

More so, all these useless Emirs Oba's and Eze's should lose their titles. They don't serve a purpose and they are unaffordable.

I also think in the future, politicians should be paid more if Nigeria can afford it. This would prevent corruption in the future. (I don't know how much they get in bonuses but their salaries seem inadequate)

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And how did the cureent system come into place? no be mago mago?

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People talk about corruption as if CORRUPTION is exclusive to Nigeria. Brothers, corruption is everywhere, it runs in every human beings blood. Corruption is a means of surviving, but when corruption becomes greed then it become abnormal. Corruption becomes issue in Nigeria because Nigerians are greedy. Corruption becomes pervalent in Nigeria because of what people known as 'national cake'- the oil money which makes every Nigerians lazy and live beyond their means.

If people want to talk of the root of Nigeria problem, they should talk about the 'SYSTEM'[i][/i]. Nigeria is NOT nation but a country of nations, therefore there should be NOTHING like National police, National army, National or Federal roads, nothing like National power (electricity), Nothing like National Assembly but House of Representatives (of each ethnic nationalities) and authetic leaders from each nationalities (senate)

If we correct the system Nigeria will be great!

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Most nigerians don't see the problem with nigeria from the roots. Every thing that's happening in nigeria whether bad Power supply, bad roads, unimpressive super eagles, olympic flop etc all boils down to curruption. Once we tackle corruption, every other thing will start working.

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ODG, I just pray whatever my Nigeria pple says here will be done, hun

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[1] Lets start with the adoptation of true Federalism and 100% regional resource control.

[2] CORRUPTION.

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That is just after-effect of the problem!

Yaradua should do below:

Make annoucement that he was fraudulent selected to be President!

Cancel all existing Parties and ask for people to create only 4.

Ban anyone that has had Political office since they were born from election!

Conduct fresh election that is option A4: open ballot like IBB.

We can take it from their.

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