What is the idea of Africa Passport? When EU countries have a desire to separate, AU dictates new rules of united Africa and provides its first steps.
In the recent events of Brexit that threatens EU with further destroying the alliance, Africa countries launch the project of Africa Passport. The holders of the passport may visit all 54 member states with no visa required. One of the most mobile citizens in Africa are holders of South African Passport with the ability to travel about one hundred countries with visa-free zones for them. Nevertheless, the new Africa Passport issues will be discussed at the AU summit, which is supposed to be held in Kigali, Rwanda in this month. The passport issue is a part of Agenda 2063, which the main idea is to create a new vision of Pan African Unity.
The African Passport represents the unity of Africa. It will allow workers, students, tourists in Africa to overcome borders and travel freely with fewer limitations. The idea of united Africa is not new, and it has become a logic continuance of the 1991 Abuja Treaty. Many other countries of Africa share the current passport like the Economic Community of West African States. Therefore, the long-standing persistent of African leaders to unite Africa under the idea of Pan-African Coalition has finally made another significant step in an idea of providing a united African Passport for all 54 members.
As it is reported, there are only thirteen African states that have no advance limits for visas. African Development Bank welcomes the idea of getting the African Passport. According to ADB analysis, the system that allows the people of Africa to travel freely within the borders of the continent would only be beneficial for GDP of all 54 members of the Union. According to the education representatives, the African Passport may ease a system of education for students and allow more mobility. Therefore, the idea of the passport is highly welcomed.
Possible positive effects
Africa is a country of migrants, and unfortunately, many of them try to find a better life and work illegally. With using of commonly recognized passport, the hot work may be extinct. Moreover, the representatives of labor unions across Africa also admits that the holders of the passport will also be protected from abusing his rights whenever he/she performs the work. Also, there are benefits for tourism sphere as Africa citizens may have the desire to travel across the continent and with almost no borders it would be easier for them to witness the whole beauty of the mainland. Moreover, the passport will certainly boost up the trading between countries of Africa.
Immigrants problem may also have the same effect like it happened with Brexit. The main fear of the Great Britain was overdosing of immigrants. The United Kingdom is one of the high payment countries; that was the reason why not only EU citizens but also people from other nations strived to work there. By creating one united passport for all Africans, it may cause mass reduction of workers from less wealthy countries and an overdose of employees in more rich countries of Africa. Moreover, some countries of the continents rely on visa revenue; that is why it would be needed to prose some compensation for open borders.
The free visa zone within borders of Africa may cause the new way of criminal activity in the region. If most of the EU is peaceful and stable, Africa can`t show the same qualities. Some parts of the continent still have civil wars or civil conflicts. Moreover, the leadership of some countries is not stable. For example, Somali where the real power holders are military groups across the country. The military and terrorist organization rely on drug, weapon, and human traffic within regions. With fewer limitations on borders, it may become easier for them to perform their evil deeds.
The overall idea of African Passport is welcomed across all Africa countries. In a face of the common reduction of economics which was connected with Brexit, it`s needed to find solutions for growing GDP in countries. African Passport is becoming a heritage of the 1991 Abuja Treaty, and African leaders are in strive to continue overall collaboration within borders of AU. Nevertheless, the visa-free zone for members of African continent may have it pluses, but the right work should be done with its minuses.