Let me test your knowledge of nigeria, What is the name of the Igboman who killed Isaac boro.?
Let me test your knowledge of nigeria, What is the name of the Igboman who killed Isaac boro.?
Isaac Jasper Adaka Boro was killed in 1968. He was one of the Nigeria heroes during the civil war and a famous nationalist. He is also known for forming the Ijaw Volunteer force. In 1966 he was the one to declare Niger Delta Republic. He died in Ogu state and till this day no one knows exactly who killed him.
I read the piece of the history of the man called Isaac Boro with great interest and felt very sorry for him. I admire his great courage and ambition for his people which was no less than that of Ojukwu driven by their own perception of patriotism crudely approached.
But a just cause for the emancipation of a race or people is not pursued with ethnic hatred or vengeful mission or opportunism. No one fights a cause with his head and wins. Moses tried it initially, failed and went into exile.
Rather than looking at the cold blooded demise of this man and his troop with a tribal eye, my mind's eye shifted to the angle of military intelligence and tradition and the need at that time to keep Nigeria together. Whether this need was right or wrong is for the future to decide.
But here are some statements we must keep in mind before proceeding further
1.The man Isaac Boro was interested like Ojukwu in having secession.
From the articles I read ("Who Killed Adaka Boro" By Hosiah Emmanuel and "The Murder Of Dikibo Another Lesson For Niger-Delta" By Gani Fawehinmi, LLD, SAN, Boro was he who shortly after the Jan. 1966 coup declared the first Republic within Nigeria called the Niger Delta Republic that lasted for 12 days. It was an attempt to liberate the Niger Delta people from the socio-economic oppression by the then eastern regional government.
2. "It is no use to repeat that Isaac Boro who was jailed by the Maj. Gen. Aguiyi-Ironsi government on recommendation by the supreme court of Nigeria was pardoned by Lt. Col Yakubu Gowon's government and later commissioned by the Nigerian Army as an officer to help liberate southern territories under Biafran control".
3.Isaac Boro used his acceptability, local skill and knowledge of the terrain very well in fighting the Biafra and regaining the lost territory which was one of the reasons and mandate of his pardon and enrollment. Note that the other motives were not known to him (Enlist, Use and Abandon/Discard)
4.The recruiters of Isaac Boro knew that only he at that time could gain that sympathy confidence and command the respect and follower ship of the Niger Deltans or the Ijaw Nation. Hence his release. You can only send the off-springs of fire to an inferno (Omo ina la nran si ina).
Now let us look at this military angle in a war situation
The Nigerian State have the previous dossier about Isaac Boro who had succeeded in the BIAFRA assignment. Once the Biafran secession was quenched, the State would have Isaac Boro to contend with who having regained his freedom might also have been investigated to still be nursing further his truncated ambition. Military intelligence and espionage into his camp might have revealed a great deal. A Judas is all you need in that situation. An instruction from the Supreme Headquarters, with or without the knowledge of Benjamin Adekunle was all you need.
It was like the case of Banjo, a Yoruba man who fought on the side of BIAFRA, helped them advance to ORE and was later executed by Ojukwu! Nobody raised an eyebrow. But as far as the Yorubas are concerned he was Omo Ale - bastard. He was not mourned nor praised. Neither did the East remember/immortalize him!
Therefore I am challenging Hosiah Emmanuel to take his further investigation/research about the cause of death beyond the narrow scope of tribalism, pursuit of political ambition or struggle for command at war front.
To praise sing or immortalize Isaac Boro is to justify the cause for an ill-equipped and mindless suicidal secession fat-fed by self-made narrow egocentric heroism. The commemoration is a senseless waste of money. The Yorubas are a wise and intelligent people. One adage says If a man has not got hold of a sword of authority, he cannot avenge the death of his father. Like the legendary MKO Abiola once said before he himself fell prey to same (through ill advise): No sane person would see an onward coming train and stand before it.
Let it be known and recorded that no battle for secession can be won in Nigeria by such crude methods. The only solution is roundtable conference. Pen and Paper! People who engaged in such ventures in the past are murderers and should be condemned and confined to the animal kingdom.
Can't we reason and see! Their children were not engaged at the theater of war. They are all over the country now with their beautiful wives being given lofty political positions, appointments and juicy contracts.
On the ground that IWU has started doing the right things(becoming impartial). And given all contestants nominated by their parties a 'level playing ground' unlike what happened before where the presidency can influence INCE's decision on who was to be included in the election on not(now its simply the law court).
Moreover, If my sister Dora can be given by 'most of us' after lieing for more than 60 days of Yar'adua's AWOL. Why cant IWU be forgiven since the has started doing the right it. There is also the need for continuity.
There is something unique have OJUKWU's use of words. Its simple carefully selected. to pass the message its intended and still leting the subject(to whom) that he still has not do enough.
An election can be OPEN, TRANSPARENT & COOL and yet not CREDIBLE. Thus, he never said it was. Did he say it was credible?
Everybody actually appalauded that election cos it was a total departure of the pre-determined charade that existed before.
i'm not familiar with isaac boro politics but in my day to day activities i encounter a lot of pro-ijaws.i believe that it is this same wrong notion exhibited by them today that boro had.after several discussions with them i come to discover that whatever wrong an igbo does to them is not easily forgiven.they might be wronged hundred times by fellow ijaws and once by an igbo.they just try to lay emphasis on that of the igbo.okrika,opobo,bonny seem to be more igbo-friendly than other ijaws.i will give my view of igbos attitude towards ijaw later.
@na_so and SapeleGuy
I could not believe the fact that some people that could pass as my pals on this forum have allowed their intellectual awareness to be blindsided with tribal emptiness. You could do better than you have shown with the ill-driven posts about Adaka Boro and Eastern region. If tribalism never existed in the cesspit called Nigeria, there should not have been more than two sentences written about Jasper Adaka Boro. It was unfortunate that the detractors of Eastern Nigeria exploited the unstable mind of a highly naïve fellow of Ijo extraction called Adaka Boro in order to destabilize the region.
The funny part of the story was the detractors of eastern region failed woefully in recruiting mainstream political activists to create state of emergency in the region before latching onto an ill-informed fellow. I am still yet to locate the abundant resources that flooded the Brass/Degema/Yenegoa provinces before the discovery of crude oil in 1956. There is not much baskets of smoked fish and kegs of kinkana (Akamere) could do in terms of erecting industries.
Eastern region did not have standing army or police force. When Adaka Boro and his comrades declared Republic of Niger Delta, it was a direct challenge to the sovereignty of Nigeria and he was appropriately handled by the armed forces of Nigeria. If he was driven to irreparable insanity by the government practices sitting in Enugu, he should have stormed the government house in Enugu rather than declaring an independent entity.
Ok agreed he was comparing the Anambra elections with other elections conducted by IWU. So if the freest and fairest of IWU's elections still does not pass the credibility test(you said nobody said the election was credible), then on what ground is Ojukwu calling for his retention?
Secondly did Ojukwu actually say this :
What does this mean? If does not mean wholesale endosement by Ojukwu that the election was credible? Surely my last comment on this issue. Enjoy.
Adaka Boro is a hero in any language, there is no 'go come' about that.
The traitor chorus have conveniently forgotten that this great man was waiting to be executed for daring to declare Niger Delta republic.
A pardon neither came from Aguyi Ironsi or Ojukwu in this period. As we all know the pardon came from Gowon, in addition to that Rivers State would also be actualised. It is delusional to have expected Boro to support the Eastern Region under these circumstances.
As for treachery - There are many 'Efulefus' still alive today that betrayed their own people during this period. Tackle them first.
No matter your motivations, your inability to comprehend simple statement is appalling. Did Ojukwu say the election was the fairest and freest election ever conducted? Or did he say the election was the fairest and freest ever conducted by IWU?. Its obvious he was talking about the latter.
I still cant believe that you found that statement difficult to understand?.
Its quote Ojukwu again.
Quote from Ojukwu
We saw, we witnessed and were able to be part of an election that was open, transparent, cool and which has been and is still being applauded not just by Ndigbo but the entire world.
Ojukwu however said he was of the opinion that since the February 6 election conducted by the Iwu-led Independent National Electoral Commission in Anambra had been proclaimed the freest and fairest, there was no need vilifying the INEC boss. He wants him to be encouraged to do more in subsequent electio[/b]ns[/color][color=#990000][color=#990000][/color].
Fairest and freest as used in that statement means according to elections conducted by IWU.(The best of IWU's elections)
For your information, an election can be fair but not free. Anambra State election was fair by all standards but not "FREE". Ngige's appeal is based on the election not being Free. He is not fighting its fairness.
Take a good look at my above quote i only talked about its fairness and not its freeness. How come that was very hard for you to comprehend?
at some stage, Nigerians will one day ask their forefathers and tribal progenitors why they decided to settle in their respective locations in what is now known as Nigeria instead of continuing the great eastern or western migration into other parts of africa.
why didnt they keep their wagons on the trail till they reached ghana or kenya - whichever applies.
You have again taken this to the age-long arena of justifying or invalidating the reasons for Boro's action. We have dealt extensively on this severally. I will not be involved this time.
My post however was to correct the impression you tried making by saying Boro was only fighting against Nigeria, and that he was kool with the actions(inactions) of the regional govt. Boro was pissed with both the regional and central govt. simple and short.
questions touching on the wisdom of his actions, which you are delving into will remain a recuring topic for debates.
@Ibime and na_so
The people of Ikeduru would have joined the fight in soliderity because there was no single industry in Uratta/Ikeduru axis. At least, there were Boat Industry in Opobo and Fishery industry within Port Harcourt environ. It is a mute case to argue about distance from Aba to Yenegoa which in my estimate is less than 80 miles. If the Adaka Boro was not practically brainwashed, one wonders why he incidentally forgot to mention that headquarter of Shell-BP was situated more than 250 miles from Opobo, Yenegoa or Port Harcourt in Lagos, western region of Nigeria.
At the time of the so-called Boro’s political shenanigans, the most industries situated in Port Harcourt or Opobo were through resource efforts of coal, rubber and palm produce including the sheer hard work of the easterners. I suggest that people should read the history of crude oil production in Nigeria before leaping to ridiculous conclusions. The crude oil never benefited eastern region before it was overtaken by events. In fact, most of the individuals who benefited from the Shell-BP scholarship were from Ogoni and Ijo. I could unfold list of names. The political actions and utterances mounted against eastern region by the Ijo in particular and dwellers of Rivers and Bayelsa States in general teeter on ungratefulness and naiveté.
Any reasonable fellow should understand that agitation of state or region does not require declaration of an independent country from an entity that is not even a country.
People and I.T.K hmmmmmm i tire.
Ojukwu said an election was the freest and fairest and you are busy telling me here that nobody said it was a credible election. You went on to talk about comprehension we did at school. How a free and fair election is not credible is what i wasnt taught .sorry about that.
see ojukwu's statement again
My grouse in all of these is that while a lot of us hate PDP, it is fallacious to always proclaim an election free and fair provided PDP looses. Does Ngige see the elections as fair? dont we have complaints from other candidates? should we just wish them away becuase the winner is not from PDP?
I no fit shout.
Ijawman only feels the marginalising power of one Government during the 1960's, and that is the Eastern Region Government who decides his affairs. . . Boros fight in 1966 was as much against the Eastern Region Government (who wield power over the Ijaw) as against the Federal Goverment (who[i] decide[/i] who wields power over the Ijaw). . .
Any Nationalist faced with two options:
(a.) Continue to be marginalised under the status-quo
(b.) Have autonomous power to control your affairs as a region (state) in your own right
will choose (b.).
Of course history shows that (b.) was later overtaken by a centrist federal Government who abolished Federalism, but no one was to know that at the time. In hindsight, Goodmorning Niger Delta!
However, any attempt to paint an upstanding, honourable Ijaw nationalist like Boro as a saboteur and traitor is a gross misrepresentation of history. Boros position never changed anymore than the position of the Rivers Congress changed from 1944. They sought autonomy first and foremost above anything else.
At times, I feel ashamed to be associated in any form or shape with cesspit called Nigeria. The on-going discourse about the name of the person who killed Adaka Boro has reawakened the zeal in me to continue the agitation for disintegration of the colonial contraption named Nigeria. Even the people with some resourceful gray matters above their shoulders tend to be blinded with the twisted insanity of sectionalism.
It is studiously unfunny to read the posts insinuating that Jasper Boro’s 1966 act of secession was against eastern region of Nigeria. Anybody with functional cells of the brain must have realized that eastern region was not a country and the secession madness of Adaka Boro could not have been targeted against the region but Nigeria. Isaac Jasper Adaka Boro declared an independent state against the backdrop of Nigeria. It is uncanny that few months later, Boro joined forces with the same Nigeria he tried to secede. If anyone is deserving honor of a betrayal artist and brainwashed goon, my nomination in those categories is certainly Isaac Jasper Adaka Boro.
No body said Anambra State (s)election was credible, but at least it was "fair".Its based on its fairness that OJUKWU was assuring IWU that he will support him if he is able to conduct credible elections in the future.
I thut we all did comprehsion in schools?
===But we have been(ing) moving ON since 1914. Unfortunately, we dont know where we are headed.
It is no secret that Adaka Boro fought against the percieved socio-economic oppression of the then Eastern Government. . . . in that sense, he never wavered from his stance and does not deserve to be called a traitor. . . . . . Adaka Boro and other Ijaw Nationalist's fight for Ijaw autonomy from the former Eastern Region did not begin in 1966. . . . you can go back to the Rivers Division People’s League and the Rivers Congress as far back as 1944 . . .however, if only Adaka and co had known of the comparatively greater oppression their people would later suffer at the hands of the Nigerian Government, they would have reversed their decision of 1966. . . .but the war would have still been lost. . . so move on!
I hope you can substantiate your claims here. Please be as detailed as you can, else we prefer to read it from your books when they are out. Some folks here need the education.
My people say that "in the process of concocting an eye medicine, it is advisable not to include pepper in the menu".
That name surely brings back memories, I give it to Issac and his rag-tag urchiens, (worthy opponents) they caused us servie losses, unfortunately our C-in-C, Gen. Ojukwu (like most Army personel during our time) did not believe in the Navy let alone the Navy elite squad - Rattle, and we were relegated to the background, however following our successful campaign in delta region, we were drafted to the torrential areas of Rivers State, by then Issac had already recked havoc, however Issac in all his tacticfulness had gross insurbodination as his greatest albatross, as an Ijaw man he couldn't resist the urge of having a large naturally endowed waist to help himself with, that was how he broke rank with the rest of his unit.
I led a shadow team that tracked him down. Lt. Col or was it Col. Adekunle (War time ranks) got lucky coz we almost assassinated him enroute to a spiritualist (native doctor), but for the seizure of our locally made Awka he would have joined his ancestors on June 12 of 1968, however, after two other failed attempts, he like most men from the west quietly packed his nwowo (Luggage) and ran west, he was replaced by one cowardly Lt. Col AreMuMu Obasanjo.
We however lost the war from my own opinion coz my fellow Biafran soldiers were visiting spiritualist who assured them they would live to see their grand children, but were gunned down the following day.
O.K children its time to sleep. In the morning i would give you guyz a more detailed account of how Rtd. Gen. Obasanjo has eluded us (yet to be disbanded Rattle snake team for over 40years) however we have been able to elimate some note worthy targets post war, (Ken-Saro Wiwa, Shehu Yar'dua, Abacha etc).
Rt.d Capt. Hardy Waltz (Commander of Rattle Snake elite squad during the civil war) Author of yet to be published books/war memoirs, “Snatching Defeat from the jaws of Victory“ and “Oil thicker than blood“
My Children, you all dont have to insult your selves any further nor do you need maps from becomrich to know the answer.
On that fateful day May 16, 1968, Issac broke rank with the rest of his team to visit his concubine, i followed him quietly until i was able to ambush him and two of his orderlies, on seeing me the orderlies quickly took to their heals (reputation precedes me), Issac tried running into the girl friend's house but she shut the before he could enter. He begged me profusely and promised me several oil fields in his imaginary republic, i shot the Billy G.oat twice in the head. It wasn't meant to be a communion that why i left he body for confirmation.
I still see him in my dream and he appears to me occasionally pleading for forgiveness for his foolishness but each time i send him back two more shots to the back of his head.
-Rtd. Capt. Hardy Waltz of Biafran Navy.
I dont think I made it bout igbo I said deltans/ ijaws- very ignorant comment or do you not know that the midwest was carved out from the WHOLE WEST. maybe you forgot ijaws are indigenous to the west aswell or that edos have yoruba mothers hence the reason why tey have yoruba first names, or itsekiris are related to yorubas. So no region in Nigeria was homogenous.
Isaac is a southsouth nationalist and a hero to mend so let him be.
Ojukwu never fought for only Igbos in Biafra, he fought for the whole of Biafra (former eastern region). If Biafra did not lose the war, he would be celebrated in the whole of Biafra (former eastern region of Nigeria). Even some revolutionaries in the delta today celebrate Ojukwu.
If a renegade Igbo from the Niger delta picks up arms to start fighting for his own version of "Niger delta republic", what should I call him?
If Boro was fighting for Ijawland as his Niger delta, and stuck to it without joining any sides in the war, he could have made some strong legitimate points. He didn't. As of the time of his death, his proposed territory was non-descript.
You make his role more important than it was. He may have been killed in battle by Biafran forces but it wouldn't have been because of any closeness with Gowon or because he was an Ijaw man fighting against Biafra. It is more likely he was killed for insurbodination; Boro was a very stubborn man and for someone who did not receive any proper military training, he may have had a problem with authority.
abgwroro- times have changed since th Old east just as the Old west is no more urhobo,yoruba,edo, ijaws istkekris- why can you let that go?
that still doesnt answer my question why must ND or ijaw join any country beside the ND republic thats what the want give it to them.
If they are so dynamic please tell MEND not to fathom ND republic like Isaac did.
'We'll Secede From Nation'
Abuja — People of the South South geo-political zone of the country have threatened to pull out of the federation if their son and Acting President Goodluck Jonathan is forced out of office, either through a coup d'etat or any other unconstitutional means.
We believe in the oneness and unity of Nigeria. We have fought for it and we trust in it. The Nigerian constitution is what binds all of us together. If it is subverted, then there is no basis for our continued mutual existence. The people of the South South will have no other option than to break away from Nigeria. We cannot remain in a country where we are regarded as second-class citizens," the group said in a statement made available to journalists in Abuja.
The group, which rose from a long-drawn meeting in Abuja yesterday, said the attempt to force Jonathan out of office via a military intervention is tantamount to asking the Niger Delta to pull out of Nigeria, a course of action it would embrace, if compelled to do so.
The meeting led by prominent Ijaw leader, Chief Edwin Clarke, had other notable sons and daughters of the region in attendance.
lol abwgoro lol I can help but laugh cause im ot playing any ethnic politics it sounds like the people of the SOUTHSOUTH want their own country give it to them. We yorubas have let go of edos. itsekiri, and urhobos ijaws of theold west- its ok sha
lol why cant the ijaws and or the people of the ND have their own country they want ND delta republic- I dont blame them
they have the right to self determination right ? lol why you force them to be with yoruba or igbos- so let them be jare.
@sjeezy.you seem a tribal bigot to me.as at then nigeria had 4 regions devoid of ethnic group.EAST was not synonymous with igbo.there were efiks,ibibios,legbos,ijaws,ogonis and a host of other ethnic groups.igbos were found in both eastern and mid-western region.ijaws were also in both regions.igbos however were more populated than ijaws.isaac boro was deceived into ethnic politics by non-easterners and ethnic politics could not work.ijaws are as diverse as igbos.each sub group views itself as a different ethnic group.
I think onlytruth was trying to shy away from the fact isaac boro was not happy about ojukwu claim to the niger delta which made him wage war against ojukwu in 1966.imo,i think ojukwu's breakup plan that tends to join the niger delta with the south ease may have made boro joined the nigeria govt in fighting ojukwu after he may have been promised some kind of incentive noe necessarily for the ND to breakaway by the gowon-led govt.it was reveald that boro had direct and unlimited access to Gowon.i think becomrich should come and tell us who actually killed him because the east was not happy about boro influence with the nigeria govt.
boro was a victim of greed.he was deceived into fighting against eastern region by outsiders with promise of exclusive resource control and power.those same people killed him.thesame stuff still goes on in niger delta today.while other easterners co-exist with or without oil,some communities were waging wars and crime against one another just because of oil.MEND did some good in bringing about an end to this.we must try as much as possible to get our eyes off oil and concentrate on useful development.isaac boro should have sided his true brothers and just like effiong would have died a natural death as a hero or would still be alive like ojukwu.