What was the first African country to achieve independence? Have you heard its name? Check out this article to know all about the first African independent country!
In XX century the government of Ghana became the first African country gained full independence. This happened in 1957. Ghana independence provoked the other African countries to think about their style of life. The first African independence was important for the entire continent.
The Republic of Ghana is a large country in western Africa. It has constitutional democracy and it is a member of the British Commonwealth. President run the country, and the legislative power is vested in a unicameral parliament. The capital of the state of Ghana is Accra, the largest city with a population of over two million people.
Ghana independence history
History of Ghana independence began a lot of years ago. Till 1957 Ghana was a famous British colony known as the Gold Coast. But on March 6, 1957 it was proclaimed the independence of Republic of Ghana. Its president was the Kwame Nkrumah. Republic and a one-party state were established in 1960. Nkrumah was overthrown in a military coup in 1966. Civilian rule was restored in 1969-71 years, but ended in 1979-81 because of the following coups.
The flag of country Ghana consists of such colors: red, green, gold and a black star. It became the new country flag in 1957. At this period Gold Coast was rename to Ghana. The flag was designed by T. Salome Okoh. The meaning: red color symbolizes the people’s blood of Ghana independence movement, gold - the industrial minerals, the wealth of Ghana, green represents the rich grasslands of Ghana, and the black star means the beautiful symbol of the people of Ghana and African emancipation.
The population of country is about 23.5 million people, of which 12.8 million can go to the elections. In 1992 a referendum was approved by the Ghanaian Constitution, which defined basis multiparty democratic political system. According to the regional standards, Ghana is well governed state with a stable economic development. Ghana's independence has only proved the fact that this country wants to be first in everything.
Facts about Ghana
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Location: State of West Africa. It is washed by the waters of the Gulf of Guinea. It shares borders with Burkina Faso, Togo and Côte d'Ivoire. It is included in the Commonwealth, the former British colony of the Gold Coast.
Area: 238.5 km2.
Ghana independence day: 6th of March.
Big cities: Kumasi, Tamale, Cape Coast, Takoradi.
Major ports: Sekondi, Subject.
Time: Corresponds to Greenwich Mean Time.
Nature: In the south Ghana is washed by the Gulf of Guinea that stretches along the coast of low-lying plain to the north rising to heights of 150-300 m in the center of the country. Ashanti plateau is located in the east - the southern tip of the mountain chain of Atakora. Volta River basin covers more than half of the territory of Ghana. The vegetation in most parts of Ghana is a tall-grass savannas and savanna forests close to the coast. Only the south-west territory has evergreen forest and on the slopes of the plateau Ashanti there are some small areas of deciduous forests, which have valuable species of red and black wood.
National Parks: Mole, Digya and others.
Climate: equatorial monsoon, the south-west of the country - the transition to the equatorial. A monthly average temperature is 23 C in the south to 32 C in the north. Precipitation is 1000 mm per year in the north and to 2000 mm in the South-West. Two rainy seasons happen from April to June and from September to October (in Accra). The hottest months are March and April (27 to 35 C in the shade). In January-February blowing ‘harmattan’, it is a dry, dusty wind from the north, while in the coastal areas of the country people almost don’t fell its influence.
System of government: The head of the government and state is the president. And he is selected by direct universal suffrage (under the Constitution of 1992). Legislative power is vested in the unicameral parliament.
Administrative divisions: 10 provinces and metropolitan area.
Population: 23.5 million people. Ghana is home for 75 nationalities. Main - Asante, Ewe, Fanti, Adangme, Mossi, etc. The urban population is 36%. The density is 85.8 p/km2.
Language: English (official), Ewe, Ga, Twi and other local languages.
Religion: Proponents of local beliefs - to 45%, Christians - 40%, Muslims - 10% and other religions.
Economy: In West Africa, Ghana is still considered as the most developed country. It is an agrarian country with a developed mining industry: the extraction of manganese ore, gold, diamonds, bauxite. The main export crops - cocoa (one of the major places in the world). Cassavas, sweet potato, sorghum, oil palm, sugar cane are also cultivated; there are rubber wood plantations. Livestock. Logging. Fishing. Aluminum, refineries, cement, chemical plants. Flavoring factories.
Currency: Cedi (C), equal to 100 pesevam ($ 1 is approximately equal to 2220 cedis). Currency exchange is performed in numerous specialized exchange points and banks without restrictions and it’s free to change almost all the known leading currencies of our world). The Forex is preferable to exchange and traveler's checks.
Main attractions: Ghana - African ‘land of castles’. There are two coastal forts - English Fort Usher and Danish Christianborg castle. Also there appeared the capital of Ghana, city Accra, which still preserved the ancient districts. Close to the city center there are some beautiful markets: Makola Market is a wonderful place to buy batik or different glass-art products made by some local craftsmen and Kanesh Market - the center of trade of food products, fruit and excellent local spices.
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