Discover fascinating facts from the history of Nigeria - the Giant of Africa and stay tuned to the past, present and future of your beloved country.
Nigeria is a country with an interesting and rich history. It is a place where the desire of the progressive movement forward and devotion to the centuries-old customs wonderfully combined. So who created Nigeria and in how it turned the country that it is today? We begin our journey from the start.
The birth of a nation
History of Nigeria began hundreds of years ago. Settlements on this territory date to the first millennium BC. Even then, in the place, which is the center of the nowadays’ country, there was a civilization named NOK. According to the excavations, it was formed from the ancient hearth. Found figurines of horses, chariots, and other indicate this.
After the vanishing of the NOK, which still cannot be explained, Yoruba adopted most of the traditions and the territories. It is among the biggest congregations on the position of the modern country. We can endlessly talk about Nigeria and its wonderful traditions of indigenous tribes.
Later, after several wars over the territory Sokoto state formed in the same area.
The European relations development
The Portuguese arrived first in the country. Contrary to expectations, these people did not turn local population to their faith nor did they try to take root in the new location. Instead, they tried to offer the export and trade relations to the locals.
Fertile grounds of Nigeria and its hardworking people had already bred the goods for export. Let us remind that Nigeria now is the main supplier of wheat, so as active exporter of cocoa beans, coffee, grains and other commodities.
On that time, the main subjects of export are exotic fruits, as well as ivory, very valuable in Europe.
Meanwhile export of Nigerian slaves also comprised a very popular branch of European trade.
The forbiddance of the slavery and industrial and business revolution influenced our history much. If these events did not happen, export-thriving Nigeria would likely not been colonized by Britain.
Colonization of Nigeria
The colonization of Nigeria was a gradual and substantial process. Actually, it was apportioned into two parts – at first, a Southern Nigeria was annexed, and later on – the North. The southern share has adopted the changes much more gently and loyally than the Northern.
Southern fraction of inhabitants has adopted the faith of Britain. As the result of the colonization, Yoruba tribe has been exposed to the Anglican Church. Agriculture sectors were also inoculated during the colonization, such as the cultivation of peanuts and cocoa beans. They to this day remain one of the main exported products of Nigeria. The northern segment of the country did not give in to colonialists much longer. This led to a large number of victims.
As the result of colonization, Nigeria gained its true face that we observe today. These were times when Nigeria was actually created. British colonialists gave the name, which is now known as official. At one of the African languages "Ni Gir" means "river Gere", but the words merged into one and a river eventually called the "Niger". Later, one of the British journalists named Flora Shaw, who became the wife of the governor of the colony, offered a westernized version of the name – "Nigeria". Her husband entered the name as an official name of the country.
In addition to the name, colonization gave the country many things. A developed railway network, the first oilrigs and also unity the land under the single banner of the Protectorate.
Who created Nigeria? - Life after colonization
The liberation from colonization did not happen immediately for several reasons. Most of all, this date was delayed due to the inability to self-manage the country. And due to multiple religious conflicts that still present there.
But on October 1, 1960, Nigeria gained independence – this day is still celebrated as the official Independence Day of the country. Conflicts for power in Nigeria continued since then and occur even now.
Recently the country had elections (in March) and got a “new old” president, who previously ruled the country in 80s after another military coup. The main problem of this emerging and promising country is a radical Islamist sect of terrorists, which is a major threat to civilians both inside the country and abroad.
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African land, where modern Nigeria is, has always been inhabited. Who created Nigeria being what it is? Without a doubt, the main achievement in the development of the country belongs to the colonialists. By arrangement of the export of oil and by uniting of the people and lands, British put a confident way for the start of this African country. During colonization, the country actively developed under the guidance of experienced leaders. Analysts now believe this state to be one of the most promising among the developing countries. The fact is that now this is a wonderful combination of traditions (one of the first settlers, Yoruba, retained its identity) and modern technologies.