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Is Religion A Hoax? - Watch the "truth" about The Greatest Story Ever Told

Thoughts?

PS

This Video is an portion from American Zeitgeist is a feature length documentary by filmmaker Rob McGann. He talks about war, terrorism and religion. . . I recommend it to anyone with questions. . . and answers are not forthcoming.

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24 answers

@post

of course religion is a hoax i always knew it was a hoax?

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I wish we could just take a post and debate on the issue and 99% of the time here it almost always shift to personal attacks. I totally get your drift sisikill I cannot understand why some take it personal truth of the matter is we almost all come here with a position and we are not looking for anybody to change it true.

Your post has got loads of info I loved it, if I may ask though what do you think of christianity nowadays and this idea of go and read your bible yourself when obviously it would be difficult to understand most of it given the translations and context with which they were written.

I was reading about banned from the bible have you seen it?

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Dear Naijacutee,

You make so much sense. I want to kiss you and rub your feet.

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It seems that as just about anybody can make a film and write a book these days not to mention the internet making it easy for the proliferation of all sorts of information, rubbish and truth, it is all the more important to follow claims, references and citations to the very end.

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please check dis

From here:http://stupidevilbastard.com/index/seb/comments/ending_the_myth_of_horus/

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I've been waiting for a response too, Sisi but it's ok. I'll try not to mention davidylan anymore, even though I respect him a lot.

I've read your post, but I don't want to take up space, so I just quoted the first line. Good argument there, I must say. However, on that note - Have you ever spoken to an ex-christian and asked why they pulled away? Nine times out of ten, they were having personal problems in their lives and when there seemed to be "no God", they decided to go on a soul-searching mission and "look for God" to appear-now-and-solve-my-problems-or-else. . . When God still didn't show up, they sulked and concluded that nobody was up there. Usually, they feel so intelligent with this newly-found-wisdom-of-the-nonexistence-of-God and they devote themselves to this new cause. Yes, some still read the Bible, but they read it as an criminals testimony - Their main aim is to shoot as many holes as they can into the themes, and collect as much evidence against christianity as they can. The ones who have gone deeper into atheism , finally make up their mind that the Bible isn't true, however Jesus did exist - howbeit, only for the purpose of teaching us the best way to live. They still read the Bible, but this time, they interpret it a different way. They now start looking for the "good" things in the Bible and saying "This has nothing to do with God, however, if someone slaps you and you turn the other cheek, it will show your strenght of character and control over your personal instincts". .    

Don't worry Jesus was a very good psychologist and he knew these things would come. He talked about them in Matthew 13:

"Listen then to what the parable of the sower means:When anyone hears the message about the kingdom and does not understand it, the evil one comes and snatches away what was sown in his heart. This is the seed sown along the path. 20[b]The one who received the seed that fell on rocky places is the man who hears the word and at once receives it with joy. 21But since he has no root, he lasts only a short time.[/b] When trouble or persecution comes because of the word, he quickly falls away. 22The one who received the seed that fell among the thorns is the man who hears the word, but the worries of this life and the deceitfulness of wealth choke it, making it unfruitful."

Having talked about atheists who were raised into christianity, and pulled away, lets move to other religions. I do understand the point behind many Islamic teachings. Since the three main religions which give an explanation of how the earth was created (that I know of) stem from the same origin, then I guess anyone who is questioning the origin of christianity would also be questioning the origin of Islam and Judaism as well. Where the difference arises is where someone suddenly appears and says that he is God and he created the world, including those who were before "his time", and provides evidence to back up his claims. Furthermore, the christian claims are easily accessible and widely available for interrogation whenever you like.  If there are any claims made about Islam, they are not open for interrogation as they have the sword to defend the parts which do not hold water. As for other major religions (e.g buddhism, taoism, confusicianism, etc) - There is nothing to challenge because they are mostly based on human philosophies, not facts. They do believe in higher forces, but not in the same way that Christians, Muslims or Jews do - and therefore give nothing concrete to argue about, unless you want to challenge their ethics or culture. The Taoists for example believe that there is a "force and order behind nature". . . Does anyone disagree about that?

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@KarmaMod

Lol. . . Okay, okay go easy on the tapping. Sooo. . .

@Davidylan

Rotflmao. . . My God, you truly are wonderfully made. Most of my threads are about me? Lmao! I can see why you'd say that, I mean there is no doubt the thread about the school girls getting Molested, was totally me projecting and the one about Bernie Mac dying is because I wished to take his place, oh the with the movie curse. . . Yep, can't deny what that is all about.

LMAO. . . See, now THAT is exactly why I like reading your posts, you always have a way of taking things to a whole other playing field, it's quite educational, I must say.

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Becaue most of your so called resident athiest were former christains who have read and studied the bible.i believe most of your so called resident athiest were never moslems. the only god they were exposed to was the god of the bible. i know nothing about hinduism, budahism etc in fact i have meet only three buddist all my life. 98% percent of venom you claim? or is that what really comes from athiest ? why do you choose to label it as venom? I have attacked islam so many times but the problem with moslems as you know is that once you post a thread on the islamic section you either get banned or no body will respond to you on the grounds that islam prohibits them from engaging in discussions where Allah and his prophet are being ridiculed (questioning the existance of Allah falls into such) and hence no one will like to engage you in any kind of such discussions. if moslems were as engaing as christains i bet there would be more than enough materials from your so called resident athiest against islam, but the fact that they don't engage as much as the christains based on the reasons i outlined is the only reason athiest don't attack them. no body wants to get banned or have his post left unattened to.

as i aforementioned christianity is the only religion most of your so called resident athiest know very well because most were raised into the religion. besides its easier to get a copy of the bible and read while its harder to get a copy of the koran, some muslims even consider a non muslim handling the koran as a sacrilage. even when you lay your hands on the koran how can you read it? most of the versions are in arabic so most people discard it simply on that grounds alone. i have seen only two english translations of the koran all my life despite being a former muslim myself. 99% of the athiest you(davidylan) know are obsessed with the bible is what you are supposed to say not 99 percent of the athiest in the world, by the way how many athiest do you know? there are over a billion athiest and agnostics in the world so how many do you know? i have a female athiest friend who used to be a moslem and the only religion she attacks is islam because that is the only religion she knows and was very well exposed to, she hardly attacks christianity because the only knowledge of christianity she has is the one the koran and her imams thaught her, and there are millons like her the world over,  do you watch arabic television chanells? if you do you will understand what i am talking about because they sometimes invite arabic athiest(former muslims) and islamic scholars to debate issues on air so stop generalizing.

because christains are the only people that are still travelling the world over evangelising and trying to win 'souls' for christ by building schools, hospitals etc in other to win the minds and souls of the people they are trying to convert. hindus and moslems don't travel and evangelize hence people don't pay much attention to them as they do with christains. islam only supports and promotes the sustenance and survival of the moslem umma, unlike christains that keep travelling from place to place to preach to the unbelievers. christains are still the ones that preach in buses and in market places. even though i don see say moslems too don start these days for naija . moslems, hindus, jews, buddist etc just hold unto their own and don't go around knocking on doors every weekend sharing bibles, tracts and other materials that propagates their faith like the christains do. if they did they will recieve as much attention as the christains.

moslems are always trying to engage christains and jews because their religions were mentioned by name in the koran and it amuses them that christains are still practising and engaging in things that Allah has denounced in the koran, they are always trying to understand the reason christians are still practsing and holding unto their faiths. muslims believe they worship the same god as christains so they get angry when christains say that Allah has a son. they get furious when christains compare isa(jesus) to Allah. they find it propesterous that people believe in such things that Allah has denounced for that reason they always look into the bible because Allah in the koran told them that he sent the bible uncorrpted but christains decided to corrupt it, so moslems are always trying to discredit the bible by using the bible to show to the christains that they are going against the will of Allah simply because they believe that Allah is the god that is being talked about in the bible besides they believe he sent the bible to jesus. The reasons i outlined are the only reason moslems are obsessed with the bible. moslems don't waste their time arguing with hindus because the koran did not denouce hinduism by name and Allah did not tell them thah he gave the hindus their holy book besides the fact that there is no link between the koran and the hindu holy book. so stop deluding your self into thinking people are attracked to christianity because there is something 'really' good and special about it. take away all the reasons i outlined above and no body will give a dam about christianity.

with regards to mohammed the founders of islam prepared their religion better than christains with little ambiguity, mohammed's life and deeds were monitored and better documented than that of jesus. even amongst the diciples of christ their  were dicrepancies with regards to their versions and timing of events. this discrepancies gave room for questioning. but unlike the life of mohammed there we little or no discrepancies in the documentation of his life and deeds, if they were i believe they were all destroyed and the founders made sure that only one believable story was propagated unlike christianity that has so many loopholes.

NB

if christains were to stop evangelising (and seeking attention by going from door to door) to the world and behave like the other religions( who don't go from door to door trying to win 'souls',) i assure you that the religion will be dead in the next 100 years.

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If you notice i also refrained from responding after that last post, most of your threads are really less about substance but about YOU. You shldnt make any effort to "change my mind" . . . its not necessary.

Kindly respond to KarmaMod without including my name pls.

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That's why I said reply naijacutee not david

Im wiating o *taps foot*

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You know what. . . Scratch the not seeing eye to eye part, I think it more like he has already concluded on what I'm about and I'm kinda too lazy to care to change his mind.

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I was hoping you'd reply naijacutee's post, Sisi

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We need the Church but hey don't forget

The Church needs you

Or more precisely . . .

The Church needs your money

The Church always needs your money

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Becaue most of your so called resident athiest were former christains who have read and studied the bible.i believe most of your so called resident athiest were never moslems. the only god they were exposed to was the god of the bible. i know nothing about hinduism, budahism etc in fact i have meet only three buddist all my life. 98% percent of venom you claim? or is that what really comes from athiest ? why do you choose to label it as venom? I have attacked islam so many times but the problem with moslems as you know is that once you post a thread on the islamic section you either get banned or no body will respond to you on the grounds that islam prohibits them from engaging in discussions where Allah and his prophet are being ridiculed (questioning the existance of Allah falls into such) and hence no one will like to engage you in any kind of such discussions. if moslems were as engaing as christains i bet there would be more than enough materials from your so called resident athiest against islam, but the fact that they don't engage as much as the christains based on the reasons i outlined is the only reason athiest don't attack them. no body wants to get banned or have his post left unattened to.

as i aforementioned christianity is the only religion most of your so called resident athiest know very well because most were raised into the religion. besides its easier to get a copy of the bible and read while its harder to get a copy of the koran, some muslims even consider a non muslim handling the koran as a sacrilage. even when you lay your hands on the koran how can you read it? most of the versions are in arabic so most people discard it simply on that grounds alone. i have seen only two english translations of the koran all my life despite being a former muslim myself. 99% of the athiest you(davidylan) know are obsessed with the bible is what you are supposed to say not 99 percent of the athiest in the world, by the way how many athiest do you know? there are over a billion athiest and agnostics in the world so how many do you know? i have a female athiest friend who used to be a moslem and the only religion she attacks is islam because that is the only religion she knows and was very well exposed to, she hardly attacks christianity because the only knowledge of christianity she has is the one the koran and her imams thaught her, and there are millons like her the world over,  do you watch arabic television chanells? if you do you will understand what i am talking about because they sometimes invite arabic athiest(former muslims) and islamic scholars to debate issues on air so stop generalizing.

because christains are the only people that are still travelling the world over evangelising and trying to win 'souls' for christ by building schools, hospitals etc in other to win the minds and souls of the people they are trying to convert. hindus and moslems don't travel and evangelize hence people don't pay much attention to them as they do with christains. islam only supports and promotes the sustence and survival of the moslem umma, unlike christains that keep travelling from place to place to preach to the unbelievers. christains are still the ones that preach in buses and in market places. even though i don see say moslems too don start these days for naija . moslems, hindus, jews, buddist etc just hold unto their own and don't go around knocking on doors every weekend sharing bibles, tracts and other materials that propagates their faith like the christains do. if they did they will recieve as much attention as the christains.

moslems are always trying to engage christains and jews because their religions were mentioned by name in the koran and it amuses them that christains are still practising and engaging in things that Allah has denounced in the koran, they are always trying to understand the reason christians are still practsing and holding unto their faiths. muslims believe they worship the same god as christains so they get angry when christains say that Allah has a son. they get furious when christains compare isa(jesus) to Allah. they find it propesterous that people believe in such things that Allah has denounced for that reason they always look into the bible because Allah in the koran told them that he sent the bible uncorrpted but christains decided to corrupt it, so moslems are always trying to discredit the bible by using the bible to show to the christains that they are going against the will of Allah simply because they believe that Allah is the god that is being talked about in the bible besides they believe he sent the bible to jesus. The reasons i outlined are the only reason moslems are obsessed with the bible. moslems don't waste their time arguing with hindus because the koran did not denouce hinduism by name and Allah did not tell them thah he gave the hindus their holy book besides the fact that there is no link between the koran and the hindu holy book. so stop deluding your self into thinking people are attracked to christianity because there is something 'really' good and special about it. take away all the reasons i outlined above and no body will give a dam about christianity.

with regards to mohammed the founders of islam prepared their religion better than christains with little ambiguity, mohammed's life and deeds were monitored and better documented than that of jesus. even amongst the diciples of christ their  were dicrepancies with regards to their versions and timing of events. this discrepancies gave room for questioning. but unlike the life of mohammed there we little or no discrepancies in the documentation of his life and deeds, if they were i believe they were all destroyed and the founders made sure that only one believable story was propagated unlike christianity that has so many loopholes.

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I've been used in many worse ways before.  In fact in some of those cases I actually enjoyed it at the time.  So not to worry.

Is this a good question or is it a very terrible question, fraught with pitfalls of blasphemy.  If you're asking for a definition then I hastily remove myself from any attempt to answer.  What is a definition?  To De-Fine something.  The -fine part means limitations, the end.  When something has no end you say it is infinite, that is without -fine.  When you define it, you limit it so that anything found outside of the boundaries of definition are no longer the thing in question.  Menh I no reach to define God.

However if you just mean how do I relate to him then for me he is the source of my being, he is also a source of much wonder and awe for me, and even terror sometimes.  God makes me feel silly, insignificant and also secure and loved.  It's quite odd but by the same measure I feel insignificant I also feel very special.  I encounter concepts of God everyday and to be honest I formulate various concepts of God myself because I can't help it, my brain tries to conceptualise everything that I experience.  However time and time again my conceptions of God are always confounded.   I could say more but that ought to suffice for now.

Interestingly I was reading about the Baptists this morning and one of the things that they emphasize (and I do too) is the priesthood of every christian.  Too many christians make a mockery of Christ's redemption and the renting of the temple veil by refusing to carry out their priestly duties.  They rely on external authorities to make that connection to God for them.  What is a pastor?  A shepherd protecting his sheep on the pasture.  Catering to their needs.  We have one Pastor, the High Priest and the rest of us from the highest to the freshly baptised are all lieutenant priests and officiate as intermediaries between God and Earth.  If you need to talk to a man before you can talk to God then you're still lost.  Trust me, you're still lost. 

I know that leaders naturally arise out of any group situation but I see it more as a Chairman of a group of equals kind of leader than a pontifex maximus kind of leader.

I wish the makers of the film were here to answer questions because I would like to ask them a couple of things.  Such as what they think about the fact that just as the early christians had 'problems' with finding the gospel story in the myths of all the other peoples they ran into, the christians of Christopher Columbus' era also faced the same problem when they got to the Americas.  The story was already there, virgin birth and all.

Now if the Christians were 'stealing' the 'myth' from neighbouring pagans cults then somebody please tell me who did the native americans steal it from.  They were too far away from the middle east to have been influenced by the greek pagan cults.  Also, how did similar myths occur in Yorubaland?  Abi have you all forgotten as children singing songs like this:

Olurombi je je ewure

ewure ewure

Olukaluku je je agutan

agutan bolojo

Olurombi je je omo re

Omo re a pon bi epo

Olurombi o je je Iroko je je.

Translation: 

Olurombi  why not sacrifice a goat

A goat A goat

Other people sacrifice a sheep

A sheep a sheep

But Olurombi sacrificed her own child

Her own child as fair as palm oil

O Olurombi sacrificed on the Iroko tree, she sacrificed.

Not to mention the story of Moremi amongst others.  And the iconography remains strong of a woman sacrificing her child, often her only child on a tree for the redemption of mankind.  In christianity it is God the father that sacrifices his son yet the iconography suggests differently because it is Mary that is depicted suffering through the process. 

If this is a matter of coming into contact with a myth and being influenced by it then there must have been some serious globetrotters back in the days of yore.

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While i don't agree that religion is a hoax, as a christian i believe that the gospel of Jesus christ as been tampered with severely and what we practise today / emphasze in our churches is totally different from the gospel of our Lord jesus Christ. What i believe is that the true gospel as been corrupted and it is a pity many so called christians don't even realiase it. Ask the average christian how the bible that he or she believes in so passionately came about, and 50% off them would tell you they don't know the other 45% would tell you something fabricated to them by their pastors clouded in spirituality. Only 5% of Christians can tell you with any form of accuracy the true origins of the bible.

In summary were as the existence of God is true and he revealed himself to man in so many different ways which brought about religion, the truth is that religious leaders have always hijacked this knowledge of God and mannipulated it to suit their own selfish desires a such corrupting it via adding fiction and myths to it and subtracting what they don't find favourable.

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Yes. I do not belong to any religion.

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In making my own contribution to this thread pls permit me to borrow heavily from naijacutie's post which i think drips with wisdom that everyone must needs read.

If there is ever a stronger reason why i never hesitate to label most "athiests" here as hypocrites . . . there you have it in clear bold letters. There are more muslims than christians on earth, with the exception of the Vatican NO OTHER NATION on earth regards itself as exclusively a christian theocracy . . . on the other hand there are a multitude of Islamic republics . . . YET 98% of the venom from athiests who believe God (in whatever form or so they claim) does not exist is reserved exclusively for christianity . . . WHY?

There is an islamic section on this board . . . NOT A SINGLE ONE of our resident athiests has EVER opened up a thread there to question the validity of God's existence . . . WHY?

Mormons, Sango worshippers, buddhists, sikhs . . . all believe in some form of "god", an afterlife exclusive to adherents of the faith, a form of everlasting punishment for outsiders and some form of holy script . . . YET 99% of athiests are obsessed with the bible, heaven, hell, the 10 commandments . . . wHY?

I will use naijacutie's analogy for answer. . .

Sugar attracts multitudes of insects, an equal quantity of salt does not . . . WHY?

What is it about christianity, Jesus Christ and the bible that muslims, athiests, agnostics ALWAYS want to read about? What is it about the christian idea of heaven that is so different from that of the sikhs, buddhists or muslims that the athiest is so desperate to prove does not exist?

Could it be that despite all the public posturing, somehow the conscience of man knows the truth even though he may deny it?

WHY are there 10,000 theories struggling to explain away the life of Christ and NONE exists for the life of mohammad?

The choice my dears is yours.

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I have long stopped replying to threads like these but please allow me indulge this once.

In addition to davidylan's post concerning people's obsession with God, can I just wonder why so many half-baked religious critics will stop at nothing to pick at straws, searching all corners of the internet for weak weapons of purposefully written jargon -  designed to spite religion, with particularly sharpened edges teasing at Christianity? Correct me if I'm wrong, but of all religious material that ever existed, never has any being so aggressively interrogated as the Bible - By people who read it with the doors of their minds firmly shut, while they skim through chapters, looking for sentences to add to their "evidence book". If you ask me, I will revert to the proverb "Around a flowering tree, one finds many insects." There must be something in this flowering tree called Christianity, that is pricking the minds of many, and has brought many insects from far and wide - right from when Jesus was 2!.

As for the person who was talking about God demanding money: When pastors collect 5 offerings in church, and the next day you see them in flashy cars - wouldn't it be foolish to assume that "God" demanded your money? Just because the pastor said something, doesn't always mean that God said so - Maybe the pastor knew that by putting the word "God" in the same sentence as "give", he would get more donations? He's human and used his brain, and position to collect your money and you are calling God into the situation? Why don't you use your own brain and position as the owner of the said monies, to judge how God really wants you to use your money for Him?

A Hint of how to give to God from the horses mouth:

(Matthew 25)

37"Then the righteous will answer him, 'Lord, when did we see you hungry and feed you, or thirsty and give you something to drink? 38When did we see you a stranger and invite you in, or needing clothes and clothe you? 39When did we see you sick or in prison and go to visit you?'

40"The King will reply, 'I tell you the truth, whatever you did for one of the least of these brothers of mine, you did for me.'

P.S: It is good you put the word "truth" in quotes.

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EGYPTIAN RELIGION AND ITS CORRELATION TO JUDAISM AND CHRISTIANITY

Introduction

Ancient Egypt had a formative influence on the ancient world through its stability and links with the remote past, and Egypt’s reputation for secret wisdom was due to the peculiar geographical and climate features of the country. The Nile River Valley and the Nile Delta comprised approximately 12,000 square miles of fertile land, the villages and towns of which were situated along its length. The Mediterranean Sea lay to the north, vast deserts to the east and west and dense jungle to the south, making unsuspected invasion near impossible, and its virtual isolation allowed Egyptian civilization to develop unthreatened by its neighbors. Because of this, the ancient Egyptian culture was very static, and it existed virtually unchanged for millennia, its origins going back beyond 3000 B.C.E.

Much of the knowledge concerning ancient Egypt is based on complex rituals related to death and the afterlife. Since Egyptian civilization was a product in many ways of the natural forces that surrounded it, the people looked to Nature to explain the unexplainable. The three main elements of the Egyptian religion were:

1. A solar monotheism--one god as the creator of the universe who manifested his power in the sun and its operations.

2. A belief in the regenerative power of nature which expressed itself in the adoration of ithyphallic gods, fertile goddesses and a series of animal and vegetation deities.

3. A perception of anthropomorphic divinity, the life of whom existed in this world and in the world beyond.

Perceptions of God

The Egyptian word for God is NTR or Neter which is illustrated by the hieroglyph of an axe-head supported by a wooden handle, a strong and formidable weapon in skilled hands. The use of this sign as an emblem of God is probably very ancient and based on prehistoric man’s belief that God was a mighty and formidable warrior, which conception they carried through even in their most sophisticated philosophies. While it is quite possible that the word means "strength" and "power, " other attributes are "renewal" or "renovation," as if the fundamental idea of God was one who had the power to perpetually renew itself and was self-creating. Above all else, the ancient Egyptians believed in one God, who was self-existent, immortal, eternal, and invisible--the Creator of heaven and earth. Their principal religious theology was based upon this belief and no matter how far back we trace its history, there is no time when this belief was not predominant. If examined closely, the gods are found to be nothing more than forms, manifestations, phases or attributes of the god Ra who was, in turn, the outward manifestation or symbol of the One God of whom it was not their custom to address.

The Gods of Egypt/Religious Concepts

The word Neturu means "gods" and refers to beings which in some way partake of the nature or character of God. They were referred to as intermediaries between God and man, and the word has also been translated as "Those who from Heaven to Earth came." They are spoken of in the Bible as the Anakim, and in Chapter 6 of Genesis they are also called Nephilim, which in Hebrew means the same thing, "Those who have come down from the Heavens to Earth." Close examination of the following gods will give the reader an adequate conception of the Egyptian attitude regarding the multifaceted aspects of God and the religious concepts at the heart of the Egyptian Religion:

Nu

Nu was the "father of the gods" and originator of the "great company of gods". He was the primeval watery mass out of which all things came. The creation myth of the ancient Egyptians began with a vast waste of water called Nu, similar to the creation story in Genesis where the Spirit of God "hovered over the waters." According to the writings of the Egyptians, there was a time when neither heaven nor earth existed, and there was only the boundless primordial water which was shrouded in thick darkness. The primeval water remained in this condition for a considerable length of time; however, within it was the origin of all things that later came into existence. At length, Spirit felt the desire for creative activity and uttering the Word of Creation, the world sprang forth in the form depicted in the Mind of Spirit before the Word was ever spoken. This was the primary act of Creation.

Ra

The next act of Creation was the formation of the egg from which Ra sprang, within whose shining form was the almighty power of Divine Spirit. Ra thus became the visible symbol of God, the Creator of the world. Time began when Ra appeared above the horizon in the form of the Sun, and the life of humanity was compared to his daily course at a very early date. As far back as the IVth dynasty, about 2700 BCE, he was regarded as the great god of heaven, King of all the gods, divine beings and resurrected dead. As Ra was "Father of the Gods," it was natural that every god should represent some phase of him and that he should represent every god. This is illustrated by the inscription on the tomb of Seti I, about 1370 BCE: Praise be unto thee, O Ra …behold thy body is Temu…Praise be unto thee, O Ra…thy body is Khephera…Praise be unto thee, O Ra…thy body is Shu…Praise be unto thee, O Ra…thy body is Tefnut…The attempt being made at the time this hymn was written was to emphasize that every god, whether foreign or native, was an aspect or form of Ra, the visible emblem of God.

Ra was probably the oldest god worshipped in Egypt, and his name belongs to such a remote period that its meaning is unknown. He is given credit for creating heaven and the earth and all its creatures. The station of the resurrected in heaven was decided by Ra and of all the other gods, only Osiris had the power to claim protection for his followers. At one time, the Egyptian’s greatest hope was not only to become "God, the son of God," by adoption, but that Ra would actually become his father. These ideas remained the same from the earliest of times, and Ra maintained his position as the great head of the companies of the gods.

Thoth

Thoth was the master of law, both in its physical and moral conceptions, and he had the knowledge of "divine speech." He was also seen as the inventor of the arts and sciences, and he was called "Lord of Books" or "Scribe of the Gods" or "mighty in speech" i.e., his words manifested. In the Book of the Dead, Thoth held both the tongue and heart of Ra or that is to say that he was the reason and mental powers of the god and was the means by which Ra’s will was translated into speech. In every legend where Thoth takes a prominent part, it is he who spoke the word that resulted in the wishes of Ra being carried into effect. He spoke the words which caused the creation of the heavens and the earth, and he taught Isis the words which enabled her to restore life to the body of Osiris in such a way that they could conceive a child. He also gave her the formula which brought her son, Horus, back to life after he had been stung to death by a scorpion.

The hymns to Ra, which are found in the Book of the Dead, state that the deities Thoth and Maat stand on each side of the great god in his boat. They were believed to take some important part in directing its course and as they were with Ra when he sprang from the abyss of Nu, their existence was coexistent with his own. His knowledge of the powers of calculation measured out the heavens and planned the earth, and his will kept the forces of heaven and earth in equilibrium. In the later dynastic period, he was called "Lord of Khemennu" who was self-created and to whom none had given birth, i.e., the heart of Ra came forth in the form of Thoth. He was therefore seen as self-begotten and self-produced.

The character of Thoth is a lofty and beautiful conception and is the highest idea of deity ever fashioned by the Egyptian mind. He was the personification of the mind of God as the all-pervading, governing and directing power of heaven and earth and formed the Egyptian belief in the resurrection of the dead in a spiritual body and the doctrine of everlasting life.

Maat

As the goddess of Judgment, Maat was closely associated with Thoth and Ptah in the work of creation. She was so closely connected with Thoth that she was often regarded as the feminine counterpart of the god. Maat stood with Thoth in the boat of Ra when the Sun god rose above the waters of the abyss of Nu for the first time. In connection with Ra, she indicated the regularity with which he rose and set in the sky and the course which he followed daily from east to west. In her capacity of regulator of the path of the Sun, Maat is said to be the "daughter of Ra and the "eye of Ra."

The word Maat means "straight rod" which was originally an instrument used to keep things straight, a guide used by masons, but the word evolved to mean a rule, law or canon by which the actions of humanity were kept straight and governed. The Egyptians used the word in a physical and moral sense and it came to mean "right, truth, genuine, upright, just, etc. The exact equivalent in English is "God will judge the right" making this goddess the embodiment of physical and moral law, order and truth. As a moral power, Maat was a great goddesses and in her dual form as goddess of the South (Thaum-Aesch-Niaeth) and the North (Auramoouth), she was the lady of the Judgment Hall and the personification of justice.

Kephera

Khephera was a primordial god and can best be described as the type of matter which contains within itself the germ of life which is about to spring into a new existence. He also represented the dead body from which the spiritual body was about to rise.

Ptah

Ptah was one of the most active of the three great gods who carried out the commands of Thoth and gave expression in words to the Will of the Creative Power. He was self created and was a form of the Sun god Ra as the "Opener of the Day."

Temu

Temu or Atmu, was the "Closer of the Day," just as Ptah was its Opener. In the story of Creation, he declares that he evolved himself under the form of Khephera. In hymns, he is said to be the "maker of the gods" or the "creator of men."

Shu

According to one legend, Shu sprang directly from Temu and according to another, the goddess Hathor was his mother. Shu made his way between the gods Seb and Nut and raised up the latter to form the sky. As a power of nature, he typified the "light" and standing on the top of a staircase at Hermopolis Magna, he raised up the sky and held it there during each day. To assist him in this work, he placed a pillar at each of the cardinal points making the "Pillars of Shu" the props of the sky.

Tefnut

As a power of nature, Tefnut typified moisture or some aspect of the sun’s heat. Her brother, Shu, was the right eye of Temu and she was the left, i.e. Shu represented an aspect of the Sun, and Tefnut the Moon. The gods Temu, Shu and Tefnut formed a trinity and in the story of the creation, after describing how Shu and Tefnut proceeded from himself, Temu says, "Thus from being one god I became three."

Seb

Seb was called Erpa, the "Hereditary chief" of the gods, and the "father of the gods." He was originally the god of the earth, but later he became a god of the dead as representing the earth wherein the deceased was laid. One legend attributes him with the forming of the primordial egg from which the world came into being.

Nut

Originally, Nut was the personification of the sky and represented the feminine principle which was active at the creation of the universe. Seb and Nut existed in the watery abyss side by side with Shu and Tefnut and later, Seb became the earth and Nut the sky. These deities were supposed to unite every evening and remain embraced until the morning light when the god Shu separated them and set the goddess of the sky upon his four pillars until the evening. Nut was regarded as the mother of the gods and of all living things.

Osiris

Thoth created the Epact (or the five superadded days) which he added to the 360 days of which the year formerly consisted, and these five days were observed by the ancient Egyptians as the birthdays of the gods Osiris, Aroueris, Isis, Typhon (Set) and Nephthys. Osiris was born on the first day and upon his entrance into the world a voice said, "The lord of all the earth is born."(i) Although Divine in origin, Osiris was held to be a man who lived and reigned as a king on earth and applied himself toward the civilization of Egypt. He created both a body of laws to regulate conduct and instructions in the reverence and worship of the gods. He traveled the land and inspired people to utilize this discipline, and this was accomplished not by force but through the strength of reason.

Originally, the Egyptians considered him a man who had lived, suffered cruel mutilation and death, and then triumphed over death to attain everlasting life. He was treacherously murdered by his brother Set and after his death, Isis, by the use of magical formula, succeeded in raising him to life again. Because of this, Osiris became a symbol of resurrection and immortality. The ancient Egyptians believed that what Osiris did, they could also do and what the gods did for Osiris, they could also do for them. As the gods brought about his resurrection, so they might also bring about theirs and because of this, they made him the intercessor, judge, and hope of both the living and the dead. By the XVIIIth dynasty, he was raised to such an exalted position in heaven that he became the equal and in certain cases, the superior of Ra and was ascribed the attributes which belonged only to God. In this manner, Osiris became the source and origin of the gods and humanity, and the manhood of the god was forgotten.

Even though Osiris was identified with the Nile, Ra and with several other gods, it was in his aspect as the god of resurrection and everlasting life that he appealed to the people of Egypt. No matter how far back we trace religious ideas in Egypt, we never find a time when the belief in the resurrection of Osiris did not exist. Osiris maintained the highest place in the minds of the Egyptians as the god/man who was both divine and human and neither foreign invasion nor religious disturbance succeeded in altering this conception. As early as the XIIth dynasty (2500 BCE) the worship of this god became almost universal and a thousand years later, Osiris had become a national god. The attributes of the great cosmic gods were ascribed to him and he appeared as not only the god and judge of the dead, but also as the creator of the world. He who was the son of Ra became the equal of his father and took his place beside him in heaven.

Isis

As a nature goddess, Isis had a place in the boat of the Sun at the creation where she typified the dawn. Her wanderings in search of her husband’s body, the sorrow which she endured in birthing and raising Horus in the papyrus swamps of the Delta, and the persecution she suffered at the hands of her husband’s enemies form the subject of many texts in all periods. She had various aspects, but the one which appealed most to the Egyptians was that of "Divine Mother." In most stories dealing with Isis, she is depicted as both woman and goddess, just as the story of Osiris makes that deity both god and man. By reason of her success in reanimating the body of Osiris by the articulation of magical formula, Isis was called "Lady of Enchantments" and from a number of passages in texts of various periods, we learn that she possessed great skill in magic.

Isis is one of the goddesses most mentioned in the hieroglyphic texts. She was regarded as the female counterpart of Osiris in the dynastic period, and she was also associated with him in this capacity in the pre-dynastic period. She always held a position which was entirely different from that of other goddesses and although it is certain that Egyptian views concerning her varied from time to time, Isis was the greatest goddess of Egypt. She became so universal that she even began to be worshipped in different aspects of herself: Isis of Nature, Isis of the Heavens, Isis the Mother, Isis the Virgin, Isis the Bride, etc. She was the Divine Mother whose influence and love pervaded all of heaven and earth. She was the personification of the great feminine, creative power which conceived and brought forth every living being, from the gods in heaven to man on earth, and what she brought forth, she protected and cared for. She used her power graciously and successfully, not only in creating new beings but in restoring those who were dead. She was the highest type of the faithful, loving wife and mother, and it was in this capacity that the Egyptian honored and worshipped her.

Set/Typhon

At a very early period, Set was regarded as the brother and friend of "Horus the Elder", the Aroueris of the Greeks. He represented the night while Horus represented the day, and each of these gods performed many offices of a friendly nature for the dead. However, at a later period, the views of the Egyptians concerning Set changed and soon after the reign of the kings called "Seti"( whose names were based upon that of the god), he became the personification of evil and of all that is terrible in nature.

Set, as a power of nature, was always waging war with Horus the Elder, i.e. the night did battle with the day for supremacy. Both gods, however sprang from the same source. When Horus (the son of Isis and Osiris) grew up, he did battle with Set for Set had murdered his father. In many texts these two originally distinct fights and two distinctly different Horus gods are confused with each other. The conquest of Set by Horus in the first conflict illustrated the defeat of the night by the day, and the defeat of Set in the second conflict seems to have meant the conquest of life over death, good over evil.

Nephthys

In the earliest times, Nephthys was regarded as the female counterpart of Set and was regularly associated with him. Nevertheless, she always appears as the faithful sister and friend of Isis who helped the widow goddess collect the scattered limbs of Osiris and also assisted them in defeating the wickedness of her own husband. In the Pyramid Texts, she is a patron to the deceased, and she maintains that character throughout the Book of the Dead. In the Theban recension of the Book of the Dead, Nephthys stands behind Osiris when the hearts of the dead are weighed on the Great Scales. In funeral papyri, she always accompanied Isis in her ministrations to the dead and helped the deceased overcome the powers of death and the grave. As a nature goddess, she performed for the deceased what she did for the gods in primeval times when she fashioned the "body" of the "Company of Gods." From this she obtained the name Nebkhat or "Lady of the Body of the Gods."

Like Isis, she had a place in the boat of the Sun at creation, where she typified the twilight or very early night. Nephthys was the personification of darkness and of all that belongs to it, and her attributes were of a passive rather than an active nature. She was the opposite of Isis for Isis symbolized birth, growth, development and vigor while Nephthys was the symbol of death, decay, diminution and immobility. Isis represented the part of the world which was visible and Nephthys the invisible, and they represented respectively the things which are and the things which are yet to be--the beginning and the end, birth and death. Although a goddess of death, she was associated with the life which springs from death.

Horus

Horus, son of Isis and Osiris, like many other forms of the Horus gods, represented the rising sun which was born daily. There were many aspects of this god, for in him were all the various Horus gods including Heru, the god of the heights of heaven, and Aroueris or Horus the Elder. He was the offspring of the dead man/god Osiris and his lawful successor. He was a god whose aspects appealed to the Egyptians because he represented renewal--life as opposed to death, movement as opposed to inactivity. A great number of the attributes which belonged to the old Horus gods were transferred to the son of Isis and Osiris, especially when the worship of Osiris was dominant. Horus the Child became the symbol of new birth and new life--the first hours of the day, the first days of the month, the first months of the year--everything that was young and vigorous.

In a way, Osiris and Horus were complements to each other. The chief difference between them was that Osiris represented the past and Horus represented the present. The form in which Horus appealed most strongly to the Egyptians was that of the god of light who fought against Set, the god of darkness--the god of good against the god of evil. When Osiris had attained the position of Ra in the minds of the Egyptians, Horus represented a divine power who was about to avenge the cruel murder of his father, and the moral conceptions of right and wrong, good and evil, truth and falsehood, were applied to the conceptions of light and darkness--Horus and Set.

In the judgment scene of the Book of the Dead, he leads the deceased into the presence of Osiris and makes an appeal to his father that the deceased may be allowed to enjoy the benefits allotted to those who are true and righteous in judgment. He was believed to assist the dead, even as he had assisted Osiris, and men and women hoped that he would come to their aid after death and act as a mediator between the them and the judge of the Underworld. He not only succeeded to the rank and high esteem of his father but in his aspect of avenger, he gradually acquired the position of intermediary and intercessor on behalf of humanity.

Anubis

Anubis was the guard and attendant of Isis and the watcher and guard of the gods. It was Anubis who presided over the abode of the dead. The jackal was the symbol of the god, and this fact seems to prove that in primitive times, Anubis was the god of the dead because jackals were generally seen prowling around tombs. In the text of Unas, he is associated with the Eye of Horus, and his duty was to guide the dead through the Underworld on their way to Osiris. In the Judgment scene, Anubis appeared to act for Osiris with whom he was intimately connected. It was his duty to examine the beam of the Great Balance and to take care that it was exactly horizontal. Anubis not only produced the heart of the deceased for judgment, but also took care that the body which had been committed to his charge would not be handed over to the "Eater of the Dead." His worship was very ancient and might be older than the worship of Osiris.

The Effect of Egyptian Thought and Theology on the Ancient Jews

The Jews, having come from Chaldea as a group of nomadic tribes under Abraham, moved down into Egypt during the time of the great famine, and the duration of their residence was a period of some 400 years. As a result of this residence, the religious and philosophical concepts which made up the heart of Egyptian culture were absorbed and woven into the framework of their belief system. It may be significant that this period coincides with the rule of a pharaoh named Akhnaton, who tried to introduce a religious revolution in Egyptian thought and practice. During his reign, he attempted to replace the traditional Egyptian gods by a form of monotheism based on the worship of the disc of the Sun. It is interesting to speculate what interaction may have occurred between the Hebrews and the court of the pharaoh. It can be questioned whether this Egyptian monotheistic experience was the result of Jewish influence, as the story of Joseph implies, or whether it was Akhnaton’s religion that played a positive role in bringing monotheism to the Jews.

The Laws of Moses were to a great extent derived from the laws of ancient Egypt. The early history of the Jews was influenced by an Egyptian religious background, not only by their residence within its borders but also under the guidance of Moses, who was well versed in Egyptian philosophy and theology. Upon close examination, the ancient doctrines of Egyptian religion can be easily discerned within the teachings of the Old and New Testaments.

The Act of Creation

The Egyptian story of Creation is nearly identical to the Act of Creation as told in the Bible. Remembering the descriptions of the gods at the beginning of this paper, consider the following from The First Book of Moses - Genesis:

And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was on the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters. Then God said, "Let there be light and there was light…and God divided the light from the darkness…God called the light Day and the darkness He called Night…Then God said, "Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters…And God called the firmament Heaven…and God said…and let the dry land appear…And God said, "Let there be lights in the firmament of the heavens to divide the day from the night…and it was so.

It can be said that Ra was God the Creator, and the gods which sprang from this single source were simply different aspects of this single God. Nu was the primal watery abyss, and Kepherah, Ptah, Temu, Shu, Tefnut, Seb and Nut can be seen as Ra in the Act of Creation. Isis and Nephthys typified the separation of the Night from the Day. Thoth was the utterance and projection of the Will and the Word while Maat was the creation of order out of chaos. In the myths of both the Egyptians and the Hebrews the Creation came about by the utterance of the Word. In a hymn to Hapi, god of the Nile, from the XVIIth and XIXth dynasties, it is said:

God hath made the universe, and He hath created all that therein is…He is the Creator of the world, and it was He who fashioned it with His hands before there was any beginning …What His heart conceived came to pass…and when He had spoken His word came to pass, and it shall endure forever.

The Many Faces of God

The names the Egyptians applied to their gods bear testimony to their conceptions of God, for these names represented some quality or attribute which they would have applied to Him. From the appellations by which the gods are known, in texts from all periods, it is seen that Egyptian concepts of God were almost identical with those of the Hebrews, Muhammadans and Christians of later periods. When classified, some of these names can be read as:

1.      "God is One and alone, and none other existeth with Him…the One Who hath made all things."

2.      "God is life, and through Him only man liveth…He breatheth the breath of life into his nostrils."

3.      "God is a spirit, a hidden spirit, the Divine Spirit."

4.      "God existed when nothing else existed, and what existeth He created after He had come into being."

5.      "God is the eternal One, infinite; and endureth for ever and ever, He shall endure to all eternity."

6.      "God is the hidden being and no man hath known his form, He is a mystery unto His creatures."

7.      "His name remaineth hidden, His names are innumerable, and none knoweth their number."

8.      "God is truth, and He liveth by Truth, He resteth upon truth…"

For consideration, the following is presented:

1.      Ra as Almighty God, the Creator, but also the Invisible God (the Sun was only his symbol).

2.      Thoth as the Mind of God, the Wisdom of God and the Word.

3.      Isis as Aima Elohim, the Great Mother; as Mary, the Mother of God; and also the Love of God.

4.      Maat as the Truth of God and the Justice of God.

5.      Horus as the God of Battles or the Vengeful God.

6.      Osiris as God Made Manifest in the Mind of Man, the Son of God.

7.      The "Company of Gods" as the God of Hosts.

The Gods Became Angels

The gods of Egypt, like the angels of biblical lore, can be broadly described as personified powers meditating between the Divine and the human. Even in its devotion to monotheism, ancient Israel was able to embrace the image of a council of gods by turning all of them into angels that serve the One God. This acceptance of a belief in angels was a development made relatively easy because lesser gods and angels could be referred to as "sons of God." This type of development naturally led to a kind of monotheism whereby all the many gods and goddesses would be seen, at least philosophically, as aspects of One God. Later development in both Judaism and Christianity shows a remarkable growth of angelic folklore as a result of continuing this ancient practice of absorbing the gods of polytheistic religions by turning them into angels.

Just as the gods of Egypt represented aspects of Ra, the angels of the Old and New Testaments likewise represent aspects of God.

Tzaphqiel - Righteousness of God

Khamael - Severity of God

Raphael - Healer of God

Haniel - Glory of God

Michael - Perfection of God

Gabriel - Strength of God

Osiris and Christ

As a god/man, Osiris walked the earth, lived the life of man, suffered, died and rose again to everlasting life. The evolution in the worship of Osiris went from the idea of the god as the example of a man who had risen from the dead and attained life everlasting to becoming the cause of the resurrection of the dead with the power to bestow eternal life upon mortals. He was considered a god made manifest, god as a man. As the Son of Ra, Osiris took his place next to his father in heaven. In relation to this, the following is offered:

I Timothy 3:16: God was manifested in the flesh, Received up in glory.

Colossians 1:15: He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation.

Acts 7:55: But he, being full of the Holy Spirit, gazed into heaven and saw the Glory of God and Jesus standing at the right hand of God.

Mark 14:62: And you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Power,

Luke 22:69: Hereafter, the Son of Man will sit on the right hand of the power of God.

Through his death and resurrection, Osiris became judge of the dead and the preparer of the way to heaven. By his intercession, the righteous were born anew in a spiritual body, thus entering the Kingdom of Osiris, there to reside for all eternity. However, if Osiris judged the soul to be unrighteous, it was cast to the "Eater of the Dead" or the Egyptian conception of hell. In relation to this, consider the following:

John 3:16: For God so loved the world that He gave his only begotten Son that whoever believes in Him shall not perish but have everlasting life.

John 14:4: And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you to Myself; that where I am, there you may be also.

John 11:25 I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in Me though he may die, he shall live.

Romans 14:9: For to this end Christ died and rose again and lived again, that He might be Lord of both the dead and the living.

2 Tim 4:4: I charge you therefore before God and the Lord Jesus Christ who will judge the living and the dead…

Romans 8:34: , It is Christ who died and furthermore is also risen who is even the right hand of God who also makes intercession for us.

I Corinthians 15:12 -16: Now if Christ preached that he had been raised from the dead, how do some among you say that there is no resurrection of the dead? , For since by man came death, by Man also came the resurrection of the dead.

Luke 12:5 But I will show you whom you should fear: Fear Him who, has power to cast into hell…

Isis and Mary

Isis, as "Divine Mother," has obvious connections to the Virgin Mary, the loving mother of Christ, and it is clear that the early Egyptian Christians bestowed some of the attributes of Isis upon her. There is little doubt that in her character of the loving and protecting mother, Isis appealed strongly to the imagination of all Eastern people and formed the foundation for the Christian Madonna and Child.

Hail Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with thee, blessed art thou amongst women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners now and at the hour of our death. -- The Hail Mary

Luke 11: 27: Blessed is the womb that bore You and the bosoms which nursed You!

In the doctrine of the Assumption, it was believed that Mary was literally taken up into Heaven in a physical sense and was crowned Queen of Heaven. Feasts such as the February Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary (the Festival of Lights) and the Physical Assumption of the Blessed Virgin in August go back to the mysteries of Isis and coincide with major pagan festivals. The Assumption in August coincides with the Isiac festivals celebrating the rise of Sirius predicting the inundation of the Nile in Ancient Egypt, and the February Purification coincides with Isis as the Queen of Lights.

The doctrine of partheno-genesis was well known in Egypt centuries before the birth of Christ, as illustrated by the belief in the conception of Horus through the power given to Isis by Thoth, the Intelligence or Mind of God. This belief was coexistent with the beginnings of the history of Egypt.

Luke 1:34-35: Then Mary said to the angel, "How can this be, since I do not know a man?" And the angel answered and said to her, "The Holy Spirit will come upon you and the power of the Highest will overshadow you; therefore, also that Holy One who is to be born will be called the Son of God.

Several incidents of the wandering of the Virgin and the Child in Egypt are recorded in the Apocryphal Gospels, and the writers of the Apocryphal Gospels intended to pay additional honor to Mary by ascribing to her what they had previously attributed to Isis. If the parallels between the mythological history of Isis and Horus and the history of Mary and the Child are considered, it is difficult to avoid perceiving reflections of the most spiritual doctrines of the Egyptian religion within Christian teachings.

The knowledge of ancient Egyptian religion which we now possess explains that the rapid progress of Christianity in Egypt was mainly due to the fact that the new religion preached there by Saint Mark closely resembled the worship of Osiris, Isis and Horus. In Philae, in southern Egypt, the worship of Osiris and Isis maintained its own until the beginning of the fifth century; however, at this period in all other parts of Egypt, Mary and Christ had taken the place of Isis and Horus. Not to be forgotten, the "mother of god" was no longer called Isis but was now addressed as Mary.

Luke 1: 48, For behold, henceforth all generations shall call me blessed.

The Soul

The ancient Egyptians saw man as consisting of nine parts which could be simplified into the threefold division of man along the lines of Spirit, Soul and Body, which accords with the New Testament views of St. Paul, and can be summarized as follows: The body (Khat) and its double (Ka) constitute the physical part of man; the soul (Ba) was comprised of the mind and feelings which had its seat in the heart (Ab) with a vehicle of its own called the shadow (Khabit); the spirit (Khu) was the divine/immortal part of man which had its seat in the name (Ren) and a conceptual body (Sahu) which derives its manifestation from the power (Sekhem) which provided vitality for the lower vehicles.

Therefore, later Egyptian belief was that man had three parts--a body, soul and spirit. The soul and spirit of the righteous passed from the body and then resided for eternity in heaven, but the physical body did not rise again and was believed never to leave the tomb. As stated in the Vth dynasty, about 2400 BCE: "The soul to heaven; the body to earth."

Genesis 3:19: , till you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; for dust you are and to dust you shall return.

I Corinthians 15:40-53: There are also celestial bodies and terrestrial bodies, but the glory of the celestial is one and the glory of the terrestrial is another, However, the spirit is not first, but the natural and afterward the spiritual

…Now I say brethren that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God…for this corruptible must put on incorruption and this mortal must put on immortality…then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written: "Death is swallowed up in victory."

John 3:6-7 That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit if spirit. Do not marvel that I said to you, "You must be born again."

Judgment and the Afterlife

The gods that lived in the Hall of Judgment with Osiris were forty-two in number. As the deceased passed each, he addressed him by his name and declared that he had not committed a certain sin. After pronouncing the name of each god, the deceased always said, "I have not done…" and the whole group of addresses has been called the "Negative Confession." The fundamental ideas of religion and morality which underlie this confession are exceedingly old, and from it can be discerned the ancient Egyptians’ duty toward God and neighbor. The following is the soul in the Hall of Judgment:

Homage to Thee, O great God, Lord of Maati! I have come to unto thee, O my Lord, and I have brought myself hither that I may behold thy beauties. I know thee, I know thy name. I know the names of the forty-two Gods who live with thee in the Hall of Maati, I have not committed sins against men,

For consideration, the following are some of the negative confessions compared with the Ten Commandments from The Second Book of Moses --Exodus:

Negative Confession:

I have not uttered blasphemies against God.

Commandment #3:

You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain.

Negative Confession:

I have not opposed my family and kinfolk.

Commandment #5:

Honor your father and mother.

Negative Confession:

I have slain neither man nor woman.

Commandment #6:

You shall not murder.

Negative Confession:

I have not committed fornication.

Commandment #7:

You shall not commit adultery.

Negative Confession:

I have not committed theft.

Commandment #8:

You shall not steal.

Negative Confession:

I have not uttered falsehood.

Commandment #9:

You shall not bear false witness.

Negative Confession:

I have invaded no man’s land.

Commandment #10:

You shall not covet your neighbor’s house, nor anything that is your neighbor’s. (ii)

The belief that the deeds done while in the body would be subjected to analysis by the divine powers after death belongs to the earliest period of Egyptian civilization. All the evidence shows that each soul was judged individually and was either permitted to pass into the kingdom of Osiris or was destroyed. The Egyptian underworld, or Amentet, also contained a region where the souls of the wicked were punished for an indefinite period of time. It has been said that the judgment of the dead was determined, in the presence of Osiris, by weighing the deceased in the balance against his own heart. As Osiris weighed the heart of the dead, Maat, the goddess of Truth and Justice, balanced the scale. If the heart of the deceased weighed true, he went to his eternal reward in a blessed afterlife. If his heart weighed too heavy, he would be thrown to the animal gods who tore him to shreds. Consider the following:

Romans 14:10-12: , For we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ, so then each of us shall give account of himself to God.

2 Corinthians 5:10 For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, that each one may receive the things done in the body according to what he has done whether good or bad.

I Peter 4:5 They will give an account to Him who is ready to judge the living and the dead.

Matthew 12:36, 37: A good man out of the good treasure of his heart brings forth good things and an evil man out of the evil treasure brings forth evil things. But I say to you that for every idle word men may speak, they will give account of it in the day of judgment.

2 Thessalonians 1:8-9: , in flaming fire taking vengeance on those who do not know God, These shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of His power.

Matthew 26:46: And these [the unrighteous] will go away into everlasting punishment but the righteous into eternal life.

Conclusion

The harmony between the ancient Egyptian religion and that of Judaism and Christianity gave this student pause, and from this pause came the dawning of understanding as to the origin and evolution of all religions--the mind of man. Parallels can be traced between one nation’s god and another’s, and this is because perceptions of Divinity are projections of man’s own psychic needs. Humanity casts a reflection of itself onto the backdrop of the unknown and peoples it with the images of its own characteristics. What has been called religion, in the past and in the present, is simply the personifications of the mind’s own conceiving and answers only to the desires of the humanity who dreamt it into being. While all religions contain within themselves the seeds of Truth, they are, nonetheless, only man’s attempt to interpret the Mind of God.

http://www.perankhgroup.com/legacy_of_the_egyptian_religion.htm

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depends on which "God" you're talking about.

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HORUS & JESUS, SIMILARITIES, WAS HORUS THE "PATTERN" FOR THE LATER "JESUS CHRIST" OF CHRISTIANITY?

The story of Horus, a major Egyptian God, is told in the Book of Vivifying the Soul Forever over 3,000 years before the birth of Christ. The Jesus story in the Bible is in many places a recycled version of the Horus story. The comparisons given below prove without a doubt that much in the New Testament is full of myths and stories recycled from earlier times and made to fit the various characters of the Bible.

    * Horus is the Father seen in the son,  Jesus said he was the way, the truth and the life.

    * Horus claims to be the light of the world represented by the symbolic eye, the sign of salvation. Jesus stated that he is the light of the world.

    * Horus said that he was the way, the truth, the life. Jesus said he was the way, the truth and the life.

    * Horus was the plant, the shoot. Jesus says "I am the true vine."

    * Horus says It is I who traverse the heavens, I go round the Elysian Fields. Eternity has been assigned to me without end, Lo! I am heir to endless time and my attribute is eternity. Jesus says I am come down from heaven, for this is the will of the Father, that everyone who beholdeth the Son and believeth in him should have eternal life, and I will raise him up at the last day.

    * Horus, I open the Tuat that I may drive away the darkness. Jesus says I am come a light unto the world.

    * Horus says I am equipped with thy words O Ra [Father in Heaven] and repeat them to those who are deprived of breath. These were the words of the Father in heaven. Jesus says The Father which sent me, he hath given me a commandment, what I should say and what I should speak. Whatsoever I speak therefore even as the Father said unto me, so I speak. The word which ye hear is not mine, but the Father's which sent me."

    * Horus baptized with water by Anup. Jesus baptized with water by John the Baptist.

    * Horus-Aan, the name of the divine scribe. Jesus-John the divine scribe.

    * Horus born in Annu, the place of bread. Jesus Born in Bethlehem, the house of bread.

    * Horus The good shepherd with the crook on his shoulders. Jesus The good shepherd with a lamb on his shoulders.

    * Horus Seven on board the boat with him. Jesus Seven fishermen on board the boat with Jesus.

    * Horus Depicted as the Lamb Jesus depicted as the lamb.

    * Horus as the Lion. Jesus as the Lion.

    * Horus identified with the Tat or cross. Jesus identified with the cross.

    * Horus of 12 years. Jesus of 12 years.

    * Horus A man of 30 years. Jesus a man of 30 years at his baptism.

    * Horus the KRST. Jesus the Christ.

    * Horus the manifesting son of God. Jesus the manifesting son of God.

    * Horus The trinity, Atum the Father, Horus the son, Ra the Holy Spirit. Jesus, God the Father, Jesus the son, and the Holy Spirit.

    * Horus The first Horus as a child of the virgin, the second as son of Ra. Jesus as a child of the virgin, Christ as the son of the Father in heaven.

    * Horus, Horus the sender and Set the destroyer in the harvest field. Jesus, Jesus the sender or the good seed, Satan the sender of tares.

    * Horus carried off by Set to the summit of Mount Hetep. Jesus carried by Satan to an exceedingly high mountain.

    * Horus and Set contending on the Mount. Jesus and Satan contending on the Mount.

    * Horus, The star was the announcer of the child Horus. Jesus, The Star in the East indicated the birth-place of Jesus.

    * Horus, the avenger. Jesus who brings the sword.

    * Horus, as Iu-em-hetep comes with peace, Jesus, the bringer of peace.

    * Horus, the afflicted one. Jesus, the afflicted one.

    * Horus, as the type of life eternal.

    * Jesus, as the type of life eternal.

    * Horus as Iu-em-hetep the child teacher in the temple. Jesus as the child teacher in the temple.

    * Horus The mummy bandage was woven without seam. Jesus The vesture of the Christ was without seam.

    * Horus As Har-Khutti has twelve followers,  Jesus has twelve disciples.

    * Horus The revelation written down by divine scribe Aan (Tehuti). Jesus the Revelation written down by John the Divine.

    * Horus-Aani bears witness to the word of Ra. Jesus, John bears witness to the word of God and testimony of Jesus Christ.

    * Horus The secret mysteries revealed by That-Aan. Jesus The secret mysteries made known by John.

    * Horus The morning star. Jesus The morning star.

    * Horus Who gives the morning star to his followers. Jesus who gives the morning star to his followers.

    * Horus The name of Ra on the head of the deceased. Jesus The name of the father written on the forehead.

    * Horus The paradise of the Pole star, Am-Khemen. Jesus The Holy City lighted by one luminary that is neither the sun nor the moon.

    * Horus Har-Seshu or servants of Horus. Jesus The servants of Jesus Christ.

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Na today? abegiee. we all know that religion is a farce. next!

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