Do you know what the climate change is and what effects it has on the environment? If you are not quite sure about that, check out these interesting facts about climate change you will like!
We are all worried about the sad news we hear about the global climate change. However, we need to learn more about it to make up our mind on whether it really is as bad as it sounds.
So, let’s begin with the definition of the climate change. This term means a long-term shift in the earth's climate, especially a change due to an increase in the average atmospheric temperature. It can also be understood as a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns when that change lasts for an extended period of time.
Now, as we all know what climate change is, let’s see what it is caused by. First of all, you need to know that our planet is being continuously warmed up as a result of rising levels of carbon dioxide and other heat-trapping gasses in the atmosphere.
The shift if temperature all over the Earth can bring various consequences. Let’s see the most significant one of them.
Consequences of climate change
The warming up process means that what used to be corners of the Earth covered with ice are now being melted and turned into water. This leads to flood in some areas as well as a significant decrease in the quality of the water people of that region are drinking. Meanwhile, people from other regions suffer from insufficient water resources caused by droughts. And also, the people that are living on the coastal or low banks of rivers have to come up with ways to protect their houses from a level of precipitation.
Here is what the official MET office says about the precipitation: “Rainfall has increased in the mid-latitudes of the northern hemisphere since the beginning of the 20th century. There are also changes between seasons in different regions. For example, the UK's summer rainfall is decreasing on average, while winter rainfall is increasing. There is also evidence that heavy rainfall events have become more intensive, especially across North America.”
Therefore, people that live in the developing countries will suffer from the effect of the greenhouse effect the most. The reason for this is that they depend on the natural resources that are changing along with the significant changes in climate around them. So, the economies of the countries with bad economy are going to suffer the most from the effect of the greenhouse effect, aka climate change.
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Nevertheless, people that live in more developed areas are also known to suffer from the shifts in temperature. Countries located in the Southern and central parts of Europe now get more droughts and heat waves than ever. Meanwhile, the northern areas are getting wetter and the number of floods there is steadily growing. Despite all this, none of the countries are ready to deal with the consequence global warming will bring.
On top of the mentioned above effects, the level of the sea is significantly growing. The MET office notes that “since 1900, sea levels have risen by about 10 cm around the UK and about 19 cm globally, on average. The rate of sea-level rise has increased in recent decades.” And also keep in mind that “Arctic sea ice has been declining since the late 1970s, reducing by about 4%, or 0.6 million square kilometers (an area about the size of Madagascar) per decade. At the same time, Antarctic sea-ice has increased, but at a slower rate of about 1.5% per decade.”
According to the European Commission, climate change will cost the humanity a lot. In the last thirty years only, the global warming affected the lives of almost 6 million people and cost the humanity about ninety billion euros. In total, this can cover the economy of several developing countries. There are also business niches that were severely damaged by the consequences of the climate change. Among these niches are agriculture, energy, forestry, and tourism.
Scholars state that as a result of global warming the Earth will see more hurricanes that will be stronger and more intense than the ones known before. “The intensity, frequency, and duration of North Atlantic hurricanes, as well as the frequency of the strongest (Category 4 and 5) hurricanes, have all increased since the early 1980s.” And this is not the end. This change only indicates the high risk of further hurricanes that will take over Europe.
If talking about predictions for the level of the sea worldwide, the scientists state that it is going to grow by up to three feet. People working in this area have started their record keeping of this issue in 1880. They are still watching the changes, and say that since the year they first started noting the changes the sea level rose by almost nine inches. However, this number will grow up to four feet by the end of this century. “In the next several decades, storm surges and high tides could combine with sea level rise and land subsidence to further increase flooding in many of these regions. Sea level rise will not stop in 2100 because the oceans take a very long time to respond to warmer conditions at the Earth’s surface.”
The most unexpected consequence of the global warming is that the Arctic can no longer stay the way we know it now. The scholars expect that during the summer period, that region will have no snow or ice. That is very unusual considering how we are used to the Arctic image.
Scholars believe that global warming is worse than the plague, as it affects the whole planet and cannot be stopped with the aid of medication. It is worse than global nuclear war, war or famine.
The warming effect that follows the climate change can cause extreme weather events like strong hurricanes, increased earthquakes, heatwaves in the urban areas, Arctic icecap melting, and the rise of the sea and ocean levels.
People familiar with the matter predict that by the end of the century, the polar bears will become extinct. The humanity will also face water scarcity in some areas as well as Amazon collapses, food shortages, environmental refugees, etc. among the other effects are rare species extinction and coral reefs destruction. Some islanders will have to the continent, as given the rising level of the sea or the ocean, the islands will be covered with water.
Unfortunately for all of us, considering how many gasses are being emitted into the atmosphere, the climate change will not stop too soon. It will be gaining momentum, and its consequences will be growing in number.
The Global Climate Change resource mentions that “Taken as a whole," the IPCC states, "the range of published evidence indicates that the net damage costs of climate change are likely to be significant and to increase over time.” Therefore, considering that big changes start with small steps, be conscious and take care of the environment you live in to prevent the further destruction of the planet and disastrous effect human activities can lead to.
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