Forbes has released its annual global ranking of billionaires, this year it was for the 30th time. Be sure you know who is the wealthiest.
The list includes 1810 persons, 16 less than last year. Their combined wealth — $6,48 trillion, $570 billion less than the year before. The list "younger": a record number of participants, 67 of them were under 40 years. Read more about the global leaders of the rating — in our article about 5 richest people in the world.
1. Bill Gates
- Net worth: $75 billion
- Change over the year: -$4.2 billion
- Source of the income: Microsoft
- Age: 60
- Country: USA
Bill Gates went back to the top of the world list by Forbes magazine for the 17th time in the last 22 years. For several years we are talking about him not only as the founder of Microsoft but as one of the most generous philanthropists in the world – a charitable Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation is involved, in particular, in issues of improving health services and vaccination in developing countries. Together on philanthropic projects, the Gates Foundation has already allocated $31.5 billion. In December 2015, Gates and 20 other billionaires took part in the Climate summit in Paris. The businessmen took the initiative to invest in the development of clean energy. "Our main goal, said Gates, is to unite in order to achieve results in the development of clean energy." The project founder Microsoft has managed to attract Mark Zuckerberg, the founder of Alibaba Group Jack MA and the richest man in Africa - Aliko Dangote.
20% of the Gates’ fortune was gained due to 3% of Microsoft shares, which are in ownership of the businessman. Among his other investments, investment in Canadian national railway, American machinery company Deere & Co., Company of waste management Republic Services and the company Ecolab. In October 2015, the gates Foundation invested in a startup called Impossible Foods, which is engaged in the cultivation of plant-based foods that can replace meat.
2. Amancio Ortega
- Net worth: $67 billion
- Change over the year: +$2.5 billion
- Source of the income: Zara
- Age: 79
- Country: Spain
Amancio Ortega – the richest man in Europe and the richest retailer in the world. He was born in the family of a Spanish railway worker, and in 1975 founded the firm Zara – then by now world-famous brand. A novice entrepreneur with his first wife Rosalia (died in 2013) were engaged in the tailoring of underwear and bathrobes, and the production they have established in their own living room. By the mid-1980s, the chain Zara has covered the whole of Spain and the beginning of overseas expansion was in 1989 when Ortega opened the first store in the United States.
The management company Ortega Inditex, unlike competitors, is not for spending money on advertising, but for investing heavily in opening new stores and this is rigidly ruled by its founder. Fashion Director of Louis Vuitton Daniel Drink once called a business Empire of a billionaire "probably the most innovative and devastating retailer in the world." Largely thanks to this management style, the company of businessman incredibly successfully survived the last global financial crisis: over the period from 2009 to 2014, Ortega became richer by $45 billion due to the rapid growth in the value of shares of Inditex, which is especially impressive against the background of stagnation of the Spanish economy. The founder of Zara over the years has received billions of dollars of investment, but most funds are not allowed on expensive purchases and returned to the business to diversify its portfolio of assets. The businessman has invested about $8 billion in real estate in major cities such as Madrid, Barcelona, London, Chicago, Miami and new York.
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3. Warren Buffett
- Net worth: $60.8 billion
- Change over the year: -$11.9 billion
- Source of the income: Berkshire Hathaway
- Age: 85
- Country: USA
In a letter to shareholders of Berkshire Hathaway in early 2016 Buffett expressed optimism about the American future, despite the belligerent rhetoric of the presidential candidates of the United States. His confidence in the future is easily explained – in 2015, his investment Empire, Berkshire Hathaway spent the biggest deal in its history with the purchase of metallurgical Precision Castparts. Investment holding company Buffett bought it for $37 billion. In addition, he actively bought shares of oil company Phillips 66, and also conducted a joint deal with 3G Capital (a Brazilian firm controlled by several billionaires) relating to Kraft Foods, Heinz, Burger King and Tim Hortons caffeine. Berkshire Hathaway is the fifth yield Corporation in the United States – he owns such companies as Geico, Dairy Queen and Fruit of the Loom and invests in Wells Fargo, IBM and Coca-Cola.
Buffett still calls the best investment in his life is reading in 1949 the book by Benjamin Graham "The Intelligent investor". Later Graham became the mentor of a young talented entrepreneur. In 1962, Buffett moved to Nebraska, where he undertook to revive the stagnating business of the textile company Berkshire Hathaway. By 2015, modest business has grown to become the fourth market cap Corporation in the world worth $335 billion.
As for political ambitions Buffett actively supports the presidential candidate Clinton and even he is the sponsor of her election campaign.
4. Carlos Slim
- Net worth: $50 billion
- Change over the year: -$27.1 billion
- Source of the income: Telecom
- Age: 76
- Country: Mexico
Despite the difficult situation, Carlos Slim remains one of the richest men in the world. Mexican authorities are gradually tightening the antitrust laws in the telecommunications industry that literally brought down the shares of mobile operator America Movil, which belongs to Carlos. This, as well as the weakening of Mexican peso and the crisis in Brazil did businessman poorer by $27.1 billion. Is the biggest drop in ranking this year. However, the billionaire remains the richest man in Mexico.
In addition, Mexican – the largest shareholder of the publishing house The New York Times. In January 2015 he brought the share in the influential ID to 17% and kept the option for further expansion. The billionaire controls the industrial conglomerate Grupo Carso, Grupo Financiero Inbursa, SAB de CV financial and infrastructural Ideal.
5. Jeff Bezos
- Net worth: $45.2 billion
- Change over the year: +$10.4 billion
- Source of the income: Amazon.com
- Age: 52
- Country: USA
Jeff Bezos is simultaneously managing three companies and seem to cope. In November 2015, his aerospace company Blue Origin successfully conducted a controlled landing of a reusable launch BE-3, which aroused the envy of Elon musk. Amazon in 2015, earned a record $107 billion. However in the beginning of 2016, the company lost some of its value in the market. In many ways it was influenced by an article in The New York Times, which described the slave-like working conditions in Amazon and constant pressure exerted by the user on the staff. In response, Bezos sent out to employees of Amazon letters. According to him, the company described in The New York Times, he did not recognize Amazon, but said that those workers who agree with the article says, "they are just crazy, if decide to stay."