What do you know about Freemasonry? Is it a secret organization that rules the world? What is the history of the Order? Read the article to find out!
Order of Freemasons (the French Franc-Maçon - Freemason) is a traditional universal initiatory Order by the Brotherhood. This union of two people of free and good morals, of all races, of all nationalities and all faiths. It brings together those for whom the preservation and development of spiritual values of humanity are of paramount importance.
The main principles
"Freemasonry" is traditionally defined as a moral and ethical system, hidden in allegory and illustrated characters. Nevertheless, at the same time, it can be described as a morality school, and Code of Ethics, and methods of cognition. It is a true "Royal Art". The purpose of the Order of Freemasonry and the main spiritual tasks set for the Brotherhood is formulated as a self-improvement and education of men for their improvement. For this purpose, Freemasons work hard in the Lodges, spiritually improving themselves, providing examples of morality, promoting education, and carrying out extensive charitable activities.
Personal spiritual of each member and fraternal unity are the core ideas of Freemasonry. This is the path to a single Universal Morality built on the idea of Good. It`s the path to human relations based on the principles of brotherhood, love and co-operation agreement. It`s the road to the single highest wisdom, which leads all the disparate phenomena of the world to greater harmony.
READ ALSO: What is the Illumimati Conspiracy?
The duty of the spiritual self-improvement commands Freemasons to be wise, virtuous and fair in the personal life and the world around. The Freemason unwittingly becomes a worthy and attractive example to follow.
Freemasonry is based on a sense of the unity of life and higher moral law. Rules are very strict; you should treat other people exactly in the same why like you would desire the people to treat you, and you should not treat other people in the way you wouldn`t like to be treated. Freemasons should follow these rules in Lodges and amongst other people.
Free Masons consider themselves as brothers and must help each other and support, even if it means to endanger one`s life. They must also assist any person at risk.
They stay in a relentless search for the truth and justice. Freemasons do not recognize any barriers or restrictions. They are totally committed to the respect of the individual and freedom of another person; they shall understand rights for self-opinion and free speech. They always seek to reconcile the opposites and unite people by universal morality and respect for each. They consider their work as their duty and obligation.
Freemasons are obliged to respect the laws and legitimate authority of the country in which they live and freely assemble. They are enlightened and disciplined citizens. Therefore, they are guided by the imperatives of their conscience.
They practice "Royal Art" and respect the traditional rules, manners, and customs of the Order. Free Masons recognize each other by words, signs and light touches with which they traditionally communicate in the Lodge during the initiation ceremony. These words, signs and a light touch, as well as the rites and symbols, are the subject of inviolable secrecy and must not be transferred to anyone who does not have the appropriate status, to know them.
Each Freemason is free to disclose or not to disclose their status, but he/she can`t disclose the status of the Brother. According to Masonic traditions, Freemasons are combined to form an autonomous group, called Lodge.
Every Lodge is operated by decisions taken by the majority of Masters of Freemasonry, properly dressed, but can not depart from the general principles of Freemasonry, and should follow the obedience to the law, to which it belongs.
Lodges are grouped into Grand Lodges, which are independent national structures, the guardians of tradition, carried out exclusively and undivided jurisdiction under the "symbolic Masonry," i.e., over the three symbolic degrees: Apprentice, Journeyman and Master.
Grand Lodges are managed according to tradition, "Ancient obligations", as well as its own Constitution and laws. They respect the sovereignty and independence of other Masonic bodies and avoid any interference in their internal affairs. They support each other in the necessary relations for the unity of the Universal Order. They enter into agreements with each other and fraternal associations but do not recognize any higher national or international Masonic authority. They independently adjust their legislation and administration, justice and internal discipline.
So, through the respect of the personality of every Masonic national entity, the autonomy of each Lodge and individual freedom of each Brother, it`s retained the versatility of the Order of Freemasonry, which reigns between all Masons in love, peace, and harmony.
The origins of Freemasons
Freemasons are members of the oldest and most numerous of the existing in the modern world of secular fraternal societies, which is deeply rooted in the past.
The spectrum of opinions on the origin of the Order of Freemasons is extremely broad. Many researchers believe that the history of the old Masonic organizations is closely connected with the general history of craft guilds and brotherhoods in England. Therefore, modern Freemasonry was formed directly from the builders of organizations, like masons and architects, who had many branches throughout Europe of the Middle Ages. Others trace is a direct link between the Order of Freemasons and Order of the Brothers of the Poor Soldiers of Christ and the Temple of Solomon, went down in history under the name of Order of the Knights - the Knights of the Templar. Some of the Freemasons sincerely believe that the history of the Order began with the arrival of a new era, and the first Freemason was Jesus Christ. Some go even further, referring to the starting Pythagoras, Moses, Abraham, and even mythical Enoch.
However, Masonry surely is related due to the dedicatory Brotherhoods of the distant past. These communities always bore the stamp of the time. They were born and died, changed its organizational structure, tactics. The original goals might have been forgotten or changed. Nevertheless, there were always holders of traditions who could save and create new Lodges. It was the path for those who now call themselves Freemasons. These people have pursued the same goals as self-improvement, the supreme Truth, the supreme justice. That is why Freemasonry has the ancient origin. In fact, as a way of thinking and behavior, as a "state of mind" of Freemasonry, in one form or another, it has always existed.
Modern Order of Freemasons organization took shape at the beginning of the XVIII century. On the Christmas Day of St. John the Baptist, June 24, 1717, in a London tavern it was formed the world's first "Grand Lodge", bringing together the four lodges also gathered in local taverns at that time. Thus, it was established a Masonic organization of the new era, marked the beginning of the institution of modern Freemasonry and spread out after a couple of decades all over the European continent. In 1723 it was published "Book of Constitutions" by James Anderson (1680 -1739). The Constitution of the Freemasons contained history, responsibilities, and rules of this ancient and very venerable brotherhood, which was approved and adopted as the basic law of the Masons. The "constitution", among other things, contained the mythical history of Freemasonry from the Garden of Eden to 1717. The purpose of the Union of Freemasons was designated as a desire for moral self-improvement, knowledge of the Truth and love.
Today, the Brotherhood puts its main objective to promote the moral, and spiritual development of man, the development of the human nature in an atmosphere of community and mutual support, the high spiritual qualities are the basis of personal happiness and greatest utility for all. Brotherhood active in education, charity, promotes the high level of education and social responsibility, thus set the highest standards of moral principles.
Skin color, nationality, political or religious beliefs can not be obstacles for membership in the Order, as in the Lodges of the Brotherhood it`s forbidden to discuss topics that can divide people. One of the most surprising aspects of Freemasonry has always been the fact that so many different people from very different walks of life can mingle peacefully together, never discussing politics and engaging in religious debates, in mutual harmony and friendship and treat each other as brothers. Regardless of their position in society, the Masons relate to each other as equals among equals.
In his work in the Lodges, Brothers learn to focus on what unites them. They deep their understanding of morality and found that the range of values that unites them can be widened. This makes the brothers more open and able to learn from each other what is necessary for everyone to promote their way. They can find interest in each other in their differences; they treat each other in tolerance and equality, and they prefer to deal no harm to others in any way.
Freemasons and Church
Masons welcome the principles of conscience, belief, and religious freedom and reject any abuse of these principles. They respect any sincere belief and any honest conviction. They reject any form of discrimination against dissidents.
Laws of the Great Lodges prohibit intervention in any controversial political or religious matters. Freemasonry is recognized officially by all major churches and maintains friendly relations with them. For centuries, Freemasonry was persecuted by the Catholic Church.
Is Freemasonry for old people?
There are many people of all ages, from 21 years (or 18 years depending on the jurisdiction) in Freemason Lodges. Masons are millions of people around the world and hundreds in Nigeria. The spiritual and moral light of Freemasonry is not extinguished and attracts individuals who are looking for their place in the world.
Are Masons racists or elitists?
Freemasonry declares the equality of all people regardless of their skin color, religion, national, social origin or social status. Freemasonry does not only declare, but also profess this principle. Among the brothers, there are people of all races and nations.
Elitism is a quite difficult term to define. Freemasonry obligate its members with stringent requirements. These requirements are the faith in God and the fulfillment of His covenant, the highest spiritual and moral development, a constant concern for others, unbending loyalty to the ideals of the family and the state.
Rumors that Masonry is open only for the "upper classes" for businessmen and senior politicians are wrong. The source of these rumors is false beliefs about the purpose of Freemasonry, unfounded suspicions of the Order of the quest for world domination.
Is Lodge a place for managing the general affairs of businessmen?
No. Moreover, most Masons believe that the preference for the conduct of affairs, exerted by anyone because he is a Freemason should not be performed. A man trying to become a Mason because of hopes to gain from economic or political beneficial will never be a Freemason.
Freemason is a secret organization
Freemasonry contains some mechanisms to prevent the degeneration of the Brotherhood. One of the important principles of Freemasonry is a constant rotation of senior officials. So, the lodge leader, Venerable Master, can not serve for more than three consecutive years.
Freemasonry - a secret organization? What is a Masonic secret that can be said in public?
Freemasonry does not hide the fact of its existence. Some lodges also did not hide the fact of its existence. At the same time, it`s deeply personal questions related to the scope of spiritual development which the brothers consider inappropriate to discuss publicly. This position deserves, at least, understanding. According to the traditions, each brother has the right without any approvals to declare his/her affiliation to the Order. However, he/she is not entitled to name other members of the Order without obtaining explicit consent from them.
The Masons in Africa do discuss not so widely and openly their affiliation to the organization, like in the US or Europe. This is a consequence of the negative attitude of the Order for a small, but extremely aggressive part of Africans. In addition to the lists of members of the Order, Masonic rituals are also secret.
Why are Masonic rituals secret?
The initiation process has the esoteric side. With the ritual of each degree, brother met only at the moment of initiation into this level. This is needed that the initiation can achieve maximum effect on the brother. It provides material for deep reflection, creates the inner spiritual power.
Is Freemasonry a religion?
No. Freemasonry requires its members to believe in God. Nevertheless, Freemasonry does not force a person to adhere to a particular faith, it does not impose any private performance of religious rites system and does not even require a specific religious affiliation.
All the rituals of Masonry and its symbolism are the means of spiritual improvement of man, but they avoid the judgments of God. Such beliefs are determined by Brothers religious affiliation or the inner spiritual sense. The Order only contributes to the disclosure of internal religious man, it strengthens faith, making it more deep and sincere. Nevertheless, in the personal religious beliefs, Freemasonry does not add any color.
However, they think that the Great Architect of the Universe is their God?
Everything is just the opposite. They call God the Great Architect of the Universe, as He created all things.
Do Masons control the world?
According to Freemasons, the authors who provide these statements are in need of immediate assistance of a psychiatrist. Also, some of them may recommend you to read "Foucault's Pendulum" by Umberto Eco. In this book, in particular, it`s showed how people reach such mental disorders. According to the members of the Brotherhood, this thesis is entirely frivolous. Therefore, it is not particularly considered in Lodges. Freemasons also dislike authors, like S. Nilus, Leo Taxil, O. Platonov that Masons worship Satan alleged that he is presented in the form of a goat at each meeting of the lodge and consistently hit with a hammer on the table. Mason's state, that the reputation of such people is the best refutation of everything that they have written. Nevertheless, which secret organization would tell people all the secrets of the organizations and right purposes for ruling the world? Therefore, Freemasons may have their secrets about the world`s order which they do not desire to share,
Are Masonic rituals humiliating for the candidate?
No. Nothing could be further from the truth. The purpose of rituals is to teach a person the virtues of Freemasonry, and this can not be achieved using humiliation. Their rituals are stunning and full of symbolism as they imply. Their origin is in the autumn of the glory of the great mysteries of different religions of many peoples of the Earth throughout its history, with the only difference is that the modern Masonic rites in no way threaten the life, physical and mental health, honor and dignity of the candidate and his/her family.
Masonic rituals have been simplified
United Grand Lodge of Africa uses the rituals that remained virtually unchanged for last hundred years. Some jurisdictions, primarily in the US, uses simplified rituals. To a greater extent, it relates to the powers of the Scottish Rite.
The buildings of Masons are called temples. Does it mean that they perform religious rituals there?
No. By definition, many dictionaries, Temple is a building that serves for special purposes of any organization. For example, for the Lodge meetings. Moreover, the symbolic ritual lodge sits on the site of the construction of the Temple of Jerusalem, that is, before his consecration, therefore, it is still, strictly speaking, is not a religious building.
Masons control the tripartite commission, or it controls them? Does Freemasonry have something in common with the Bilderberg conferences Contact?
Trilateral Commission was established in 1973. The three leading industrial unities in the world - the European Union, North America (USA and Canada), Japan from it. Members of the Commission are 330 citizens of these countries who have distinguished themselves in business, science, politics and media (but not in government organizations).
The Commission meets once a year. During the meeting, the questions have a vital force for the regions covered by the Commission. Neither the organizers of the commission or its current administrative structure can be called Masons.
Prince Bernhard created Bilderberg conference in 1954 in Oosterbeek, Netherlands. It`s the annual three-day conference, which brings together about 100 bankers, economists, politicians, and government officials. The members elected by the Commission Committee in The Hague.
Therefore, none of the members of this organization can be called a freemason.
- READ ALSO: Who is the founder of Illuminati?