What do you know about the founder of Illuminati? Who was Adam Weishaupt?
With a help of Den Brown people now have an interest in Illuminati. Plenty of other mystics` conspiracy brotherhoods, like Masons or Templars, have already occupied readers` minds. "Enlightened" were the representatives of various associations of religious-mystical sense. Nevertheless, more often Illuminati designated as members of the secret "Society of the Bavarian Illuminati", founded in 1776 by philosopher and professor of canon law Adam Weishaupt.
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The future founder of the "Order of the Illuminati" Johann Adam Weishaupt was born on February 6, 1748, in the Bavarian town of Ingolstadt. In this city in the south of the broken to the dwarf states of Germany, he grew up in the family of Professor of Law and attended school here, where the Jesuits taught.
At the University of Ingolstadt, he studied history, law, political science and philosophy, and in 1768 received his doctorate in philosophy. In 1772 he became an extraordinary professor of law, and the next year - a professor of canon law at Ingolstadt.
The first society of the Illuminati under the name Alumabrados (tracing Spanish Latin Illuminati) emerged in the second half of the XVI century in Spain. There were other short-lived unions.
Usually, the Illuminati involve members of the secret society founded on May 1, 1776, by the mystic Weishaupt under the name “Union of perfectionists”, or Bund der Perfektibilisten. The official task of society, which symbol was the owl of Minerva, had declared the fight against ignorance and spread the ideas of the Enlightenment.
"The owl of Minerva flies only at dusk.” This myth uses Hegel as a metaphor for the fact that philosophy (as Minerva is a goddess of wisdom) awakens only when the straightforward and clear becomes the subject of doubt and, consequently, and reflections" - wrote later Kurt Hübner.
Weishaupt was raised and taught under the guidance of the Jesuit Fathers. Therefore, Weishaupt organized his society on the principles borrowed from them: a strict hierarchical order, unquestioning obedience of the members of the society leader and following the principle: “the end justifies the means.” All members of the Order took aliases. So, Weishaupt became Spartacus.
In 1780 the Illuminati got one more person in their brotherhood, Baron Adolph Knigge, who took the name Philo in the Order. He brought together the Illuminati and Masons. As new members were often recruited from the Freemasons, the Illuminati order acquired the principles of among Masonic lodges.
Like the Masons, they were divided into different ranks, and only the top level of dedicated was Enlighted with the secret purpose of the society: the replacement of the Christian religion to Deism and monarchical form of government to the Republican.
In 1780, the Order of the Illuminati consisted of up to two thousand members; many high-ranking officials belonged to the order. In 1784, Weishaupt and Knigge started fighting among each other. It was followed by the Bavarian Elector Karl Theodor, whose possessions were the main center of activities of the Illuminati, banned secret societies, and began to pursue their participants. This put an end to the existence of the order.
In 1784 the society of the Illuminati was banned by the Bavarian government, and Weishaupt lost his position at the University of Ingolstadt and fled to Regensburg. Then he found a patron in the person of Duke Ernst II of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (Ernst II. Von Sachsen-Gotha-Altenburg), which became a member of the society in 1783 under the name Quintus Severus or Timoleon).
He not only gave Weishaupt a refuge in Gotha but also the rank and payment of court counselor. Here Weishaupt wrote many of his works.
Over time around society, the Illuminati were developed many myths, which can especially delight the hearts of fans of conspiracy. According to adepts of conspiracy, Illuminati had not only mystical and magical abilities, but also the union with the global Masonic conspiracy to organize a world revolution.
Ingolstadt citizens interested in attracting tourists to their city, as well as British novelist Mary Shelley, who placed her famous Dr. Frankenstein with his monster in Ingolstadt, contributed to the fame of Illuminati.
Weishaupt died in Gotha on November 18, 1830, and in 1874 his remains were reburied next to his early deceased son Wilhelm (died in 1802). The grave of the founder of the Illuminati Order of the stone has not been preserved to our days. In old photos, you can see that it was not the date of birth and death, but only the inscription: "Here lies the Weishaupt, dear husband, scientist mind, the first citizen of freedom!"
Illuminati certainly contributed to the world philosophy. Their leader provided to the world not only a secret society but also thoughts and statements about the freedom of the society. Weishaupt`s society may still flourish in the dawn of new era as there is no evidence that Illuminati was destroyed. The adepts of secret societies prefer not to open their faces to the world. Nevertheless, it seems that there is someone at the steer of the world chaos. Could it be the Illuminati, who desire to create a new world order? The lesser mortals will never know. Nevertheless, it`s certain that with power and money from the Illuminati members of XIXth century and certain dedication, the order may exist now. It seems that we might hear of it not only from the books.
- READ ALSO: What is the Illumimati Conspiracy?