What are the West African countries? Do you desire to know more about the diversity of West Africa? Read the article to find out which countries are located in West Africa.
West Africa is one of the parts of the African continent, located south of the central Sahara and surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean from West. Cameroon Mountains in the east are the natural border of the region. Coastal areas of West Africa shrouded with mangroves, washed by warm rains coming from the ocean. There a lot of strong economics in that region. Most of the countries are previous France and Great Britain, Portugal colonies. Therefore, the most common official languages are English, French, Portuguese. The fundamental religions are Islam, Christianity, and local beliefs. The countries listed in this region are Benin, Burkina Faso, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Cape Verde, Cote d`Ivoire, Liberia, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra-Leone, Togo.
The Republic of Benin is a country in West Africa. It has access to the Gulf of Benin Gulf of Guinea. It has borders with Burkina Faso and Niger to the North, with Nigeria to the East and with Togo to the West. The Capital is Porto-Novo, but the government is located in Cotonou, the largest city in the country.
Geographically, the country is divided into five natural regions: the coastal region, the plateau area, elevated plateau with wooded savannah in the north, a hilly region in the North-West and the fertile plains of the Niger in the North-East.
The country has a republican form of government. The Head of State and Government (National Executive Council) is President. Legislative power belongs to the National People's Assembly.
Official language: French. In addition to the state language, there are also national languages, like Yoruba, Sombo, etc.
Dominate religion is paganism - 70% of population, 15% Christians, 15% Islam.
It is the West African country, landlocked. It shares borders with Mali to the north, Niger - to the east, Benin - to the South-East, Togo, and Ghana - in the South, and Côte d'Ivoire to the South-West.
Most of the territory of Burkina Faso occupies a vast plateau with a few low hills. The average height is 300-400 meters above sea level.
Burkina Faso has a republican form of government. The head of the state is the president. Legislature is Assembly of People's Deputies.
The official language is French. There is some common the tribal language of Sudanese language family, but none of them is used for communication between various tribes.
About 10% of the population are Christians, mostly Catholics. The rest are the almost equally divided between Muslims and adherents of local traditional beliefs.
The Republic of Gambia is a country in West Africa. It is the smallest country in continental Africa. It is surrounded by Senegal in the North, East, and South. It has a small coastline of the Atlantic Ocean in the West. Gambia is part of the Commonwealth Nations.
The main river of the country is Gambia. It flows through the entire country from the East to the West. The river originates from the mountains of Fouta Djallon in Guinea and has paved its course through the low flat plain. It has a maximum height in the East - 53 m. In the vicinity of Cape St. Mary's River Gambia flows into the Atlantic Ocean.
Gambia is a presidential republic. Head of state and government, as well as commander in chief, is the president, elected by universal secret ballot for a term of 5 years. Legislative power is vested in a unicameral parliament (National Assembly).
The official language is English. Most common languages from the local languages are Mandingo, Fula, and Wolof.
90% of the population are Muslim (mostly Sunni), 9% - Christians (more than half are Roman Catholic), 1% - the adherents of traditional African beliefs (animalism, fetishism, the worship of ancestors, the forces of nature, etc.).
The Republic of Ghana is a country in West Africa. It is included in the British Commonwealth of Nations. It borders on the west with the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast), in the North-West and North - Burkina Faso, to the East - with Togo. From the South, it borders the Gulf of Guinea.
Most of the territory is occupied by plains. In the South-West and East of there are towering plateaus Ashanti and Kwahu. The highest point is mountain Afadzhoto (885 m). A dense network of rivers, most of which dry out periodically.
Ghana is a constitutional democracy, a member of the British Commonwealth. Head of state and the government is a president, elected in general elections every four years. Legislative power is vested in the unicameral parliament.
The official language is English. From local languages, most prevalent are eight languages (Ha, Twi, Ewe, etc.).
38% of the population are Gentiles - 38%, Muslims - 30%, Christians - 24%.
The Republic of Guinea is a West African country. It`s bordered on the North by Senegal, to the North and North-East - with Mali, to the east - with the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, to the South - with Liberia, to the South-West - with Sierra Leone, to the northwest - with Guinea -Bissau. The Atlantic Ocean surrounds the country to the West.
More than half of the country occupies with low mountains and plateaus. The Atlantic coast is indented estuaries and lowlands occupied 30-50 km wide.
Guinea is a presidential republic. The Head of the state is a president, elected by the people for seven years. The head of government is the Prime Minister. Parliament is unicameral National Assembly.
The Official language is French. Only a small part of the population can speak French, and the most common languages are Fula, Malinke (north), susu (near the capital), and others.
About 90% of the population are Muslims. Most of the rest people are the adherents of traditional local beliefs and cults.
The Republic of Guinea-Bissau is a country on the West Coast of Africa. Also, includes the mainland and the island of Bolama Bijagos Archipelago. It shares borders with Senegal and Guinea.
The complex coastline of Guinea-Bissau strongly dissected by estuaries. In the South-East of the country, you may witness the spurs of the plateau Fouta Djallon, which goes up to 262 m. From the East to the West from the plateau, it stretches the lowlands (wetland sites).
Guinea-Bissau is a presidential republic. The head of state is a president, elected by the population. The head of the government is the Prime Minister. The Legislature is unicameral People's Assembly of the State.
The official language is Portuguese. French and Creole languages are also spoken amongst citizens.
About 65% of the population are adherents of local animistic beliefs, 30% are Muslims (mainly residents of inland areas), and 5% are Christians, mostly Catholics.
Cape Verde is a country located on the islands of Cape Verde, in the Atlantic Ocean 620 km off the west coast of Africa. Cape Verde Islands are a cluster of 10 large and eight small islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, West of Senegal, which is divided into windward and leeward groups.
The terrain is mountainous with a large number of extinct and active volcanoes. Rocky shores are difficult for transportation. Very few natural harbors, the largest of which is Mindelo ( it is a flooded crater of an extinct volcano). The highest point of the country is Mount Fogo (2840 m).
Cape Verde is a parliamentary republic. The head of the State and Commander in Chief of the armed forces is s President. The highest legislative body is the National Assembly.
The official languages are Portuguese and Creole. Creole is a mixture old Portuguese and African languages. In tourist zones, it is also used Spanish and English.
About 80% of the population are Catholics. Nevertheless, there are many adherents of local beliefs.
Ivory Coast (Cote d'Ivoire)
The Republic of Côte d'Ivoire is a country in West Africa. It shares borders with Liberia, Guinea, Mali, Burkina Faso and Ghana, in the South, it borders with the Gulf of Guinea. The country is the former French colony.
Most of the territory is occupied by hilly plains, passing to the north of the plateau with a height of more than 400 m above sea level. In the North-West there are large mountains of Dan andTour with deep gorges. The highest point is Mount Nimba (1752 meters).
Côte d'Ivoire is a presidential republic. The President is elected by direct vote for a term of 5 years, renewable only once. He/she has full executive power, appoints and dismisses the Prime Minister. The President has the legislative initiative, together with a unicameral parliament.
The official language is French. It is also widely used African languages - Jakub, Senufo, Baule, Agni, and Diol.
The Muslim population in the country is about 40%, Christians - 33%, indigenous cults common among 11% of the population, atheists - 16%.
Liberia is a small country on the West Coast of Africa. It borders to the North with Sierra Leone and Guinea, to the East with Côte d'Ivoire, to the South and South-West surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean.
Most of the territory is a coastal plain with low hills; the highest point is Mount Wuteve height of 1380 m.
Liberia is a presidential republic.
The official language is English. Most common from the local languages are Kpelle ethnic, Mano, Gio, bass. Most local languages are not written.
40% of the population are Christians (the majority are Protestants), 40% are Muslims (the majority are Muslim Sunni), 20% of Liberians adhere to traditional African beliefs.
Mauritania is a country located in West Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean to the west. It borders with Western Sahara in the North-West, with Senegal on the South-West, with Algeria in the northeast, with Mali in the South and East.
More than 60% of the country consists of rocky and sandy deserts of the Western Sahara; the territory is mostly flat, the height is up to 915 m (Mount Kediet ej Jill), though there are relict scenic rock formations.
Mauritania is a Republic. The head of state is a president. Legislative power is exercised by a bicameral Parliament, which consists of the Senate and the National Assembly.
The official language is Arabic. In addition to Arabic, French is widely spoken. Some local dialect (Wolof, Pulaar, Soninke) are recognized as a language of international communication.
99.6% of the population are Muslims. Islam is the official religion of Mauritania. The most common are a Sunni Maliki wing. There is a small community of Christians; the majority are Catholics.
The Republic of Mali is a country in West Africa. It borders on the West by Senegal, to the North - with Mauritania and Algeria, to the East - with Niger, in the South-East - with Burkina Faso, in the South - Côte d'Ivoire and Guinea.
The northern part of the country is located in the Sahara Desert, the Central id located in semi-desert Sahel, the South and South-West are savannas. The highest point is Mount Hombori Tondo, (1155 m).
Mali is a presidential republic. The head of state is the president, elected by direct universal suffrage for five years. The president appoints the prime minister, who forms the government. The Legislature is unicameral parliament (National Assembly).
The official language is French. There are also Bambara, Songhai, Tuareg and Arabic languages which are spoken by the majority of the population.
90% of the population are Muslims, 9% adhere to traditional African beliefs (animalism, the worship of ancestors, the forces of nature, etc.Republic..), 1% are Christians (Catholics make up the majority).
The Republic of Niger
Of Niger is a country in West Africa. It is bordered on the North by Algeria and Libya, in the East with the Republic of Chad, on the South and South-West with Nigeria, in the South-West - with Benin and Burkina Faso, to the West with Mali. It is a landlocked country.
The relief of the country is dominated by plains with elevations of 300-500 m above sea level. To the North-West, there is the array of the Air. It the system of different heights plateau. The highest point is Mount Bagezan, which reaches up to 1900 m. The Eastern part of Air comes down to a great sandy desert of Ténéré. The Northern part of the country is occupied a high rocky plateau. The Southern areas of the country are dominated by a plateau aligned, stacked sandstone, sand, and loam with separate outputs crystalline rocks. Their average height is 200-500 meters.
Niger has a republican form of government. The head of state is a president. The head of government is a Prime Minister. The legislature is the National Assembly.
The official language is French. Most common local languages are Hausa, Djerma, Fulfulde, Kanuri, and Tamasheq.
95% of the population are Muslims (Sunni Islam), 4.5% - the adherents of traditional African beliefs (animalism, fetishism, the worship of ancestors, the forces of nature, etc...), 0.5% - Christians (the majority - Catholics).
The Federal Republic of Nigeria is a country in West Africa. It is bordered on the West by Benin, on the North with Niger, to the North-East with Chad and in the East with Cameroon.
Rivers Niger and Benue divide the country into two parts. The Southern part has coastal plains, and the North is dominated by low plateaus. The highest point of the country is Chappal Waddi mountain (2419 m), which is located in the state of Taraba close to the Nigeria-Cameroon border.
Nigeria is a presidential republic. The President is the head of state and commander in chief of the armed forces. It has Bicameral National Assembly (Congress), consisting of the Senate and House of Representatives.
The Official language is English. There are about 400 local languages, and dialects, the most common languages are Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo.
About 50% of the population are Muslims, 40% are Christians (the majority are Protestants), approximately 10% of Nigerians adhere to traditional African beliefs (animalism, fetishism, the worship of ancestors, the forces of nature, etc.).
The Official name is Republic of Senegal (République du Sénégal, Republic of Senegal). Located in West Africa, on the Atlantic coast.
Senegal, Republic of Senegal is a country in West Africa. It was formed in the 16-18 centuries. It was the largest center for the slave trade. After that, Senegal was a French colony as part of French West Africa. It gained independence in 1960. The head of state is the president. The composition of the population mostly consists of Africans.
Population - 15.1 million (estimate as of January 2014). There are 20 ethnic groups, the most numerous of which are the Wolof (43%), Fulani (24%) and the Serer (15%). White (mostly French) - about 1%.
The official language is French, which is spoken by 20% of the population, the status of national languages are Arabic (Hyesan), Balanta-Ganja and others.
The head of state is a president elected by universal suffrage for five years. He/she appoints the Prime Minister, with the agreement that the president chooses the cabinet. Parliament is represented by one chamber (the National Assembly), which consists of 120 deputies elected by the people.
Sierra Leone is a country in West Africa. It is bordered on the North-West and North with Guinea, in the South-East - with Liberia, to the West and South-West surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean.
Atlantic region of the Sierra Leone is a lowland, gently descending to the ocean. The north-eastern part of the country is occupied by the periphery Leone-Liberian Upland with an average height of approximately 600 m and maximum 1945 m (Mount Bintimani). In the Northern regions, it goes with spurs array Fouta Djalon.
Sierra Leone is a unitary republic, in fact, it is the military regime. Included in the British Commonwealth. Head of state and the government is the president, who is commander of the armed forces of the country, appoints the prime minister and ministers, senior officials, have the right to dissolve parliament. Legislative power is vested in the National Assembly.
The official language is English. 95% of the population speaks Creole (cryo), the most common local languages are the Mende and Temne.
Muslims (the majority are Muslim Sunni) are accounted for about 75% of the population, Christians (mostly Protestants) - 15%, about 10% adhere to traditional African beliefs (animalism, fetishism, the worship of ancestors, the forces of nature, etc.).
The Togolese Republic is a country in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the West, Benin to the East and Burkina Faso to the North. The South regions of the country have a small part of the coast of the Gulf of Guinea, on which it is situated the capital of the country - Lomé.
The Northern part of the territory is vast, in some places, there are hilly plain, the central part is a plateau with an average altitude of 200-400 meters above sea level. It is located the southern coastal plain with lagoons, low block mountains (up to 610 m), which cross the country from the South-West to the North-East. The highest point is the peak hundredth (986 m).
Togo is a republic. The head of state is a president. The head of government is the Prime Minister. Legislative power is vested in the National Assembly.
The official language is French. From the 50 local languages and dialects, the most common are Bassari, Kabye, Kotokoli, Mob, Ewe, and Hausa.
About half of the population adhere to traditional African beliefs (animalism, fetishism, the worship of ancestors, the forces of nature, etc.), 35% of the population professes Christianity (mostly Roman Catholics), 15% are Sunni Muslims.
- READ ALSO: What clothing brands are the best in Africa?